Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 1719–1730 | Cite as

Nickel, vanadium, and lead as indicators of sediment contamination of marina, refinery, and shipyard areas

  • Thayane Lúcia Pereira
  • Mônica Wallner-Kersanach
  • Luiza Dy Fonseca Costa
  • Daniel Pereira Costa
  • Paulo Roberto Martins Baisch
Research Article

Abstract

Metallic elements found in the aquatic environment may originate in areas where petroleum is refined and vessels are maintained and repaired. This study aims to assess contamination caused by nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), and vanadium (V) in sediment of the Lagoa dos Patos estuary (RS, Brazil) and to evaluate them as indicators of areas under the influence of petroleum products and antifouling paints. Surface sediments were collected in summer and in winter in areas of marinas, shipyards, refinery, and a control station. High Pb and V concentrations in shipyards and at the Yacht Club showed that some organisms may be affected by toxicity. High Pb results of the index of geoaccumulation (Igeo) were found at the Yacht Club and shipyards. Al, Ni, and V had similar distribution in the sediment in both seasons. Ni and V had high relation in winter at the Yacht Club and at the Santos Shipyard, thus suggesting that these elements come mainly from petroleum products. The same happened to the relations between Pb and V, as well as Pb and Ni at the Santos Shipyard. These elements are employed as useful tools as indicators to identify places with moderate to high localized anthropogenic inputs of petroleum derivatives and antifouling paints.

Keywords

Nickel Lead Vanadium Aluminum Sediment Shipyards Petroleum products Antifouling paints 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) for the research grant given to Thayane Lúcia Pereira.

References

  1. Alonso-Hernandez CM, Bernaz-Castillo J, Bolanos-Alvares Y, Gomes-Batista M, Diaz-Asencio M (2011) Heavy metal content of bottom ashes from a fuel oil power plant and oil refinery in Cuba. Fuel 90:2820–2823.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2011.03.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Atkinson CA, Jolly DF, Simpson SL (2007) Effect of overlying water pH, dissolved oxygen, salinity and sediment disturbances on metal release and sequestration from metal contaminated marine sediments. Chemosphere 69:1428–1437.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.04.068 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baisch PRM (1994) Les oligo-éléments métalliques du système fluvio-lagunaire dos Patos - Flux et Devenir (Brésil). Thèse de Doctorat, Université de BordeauxGoogle Scholar
  4. Baisch PRM, Wasserman JC (1998) Chemistry and distribution of trace elements in the Patos Lagoon, South Brazil. In: Wasserman JC, Silva-Filho EV, Villas-Boas R (eds.) Environmental Geochemistry in the Tropics. Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro, pp 97–126Google Scholar
  5. Barwise AJG (1990) Role of nickel and vanadium in petroleum classification. Energ Fuels 4:647–652.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ef00024a005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Birch GF (2017) Determination of sediment metal background concentrations and enrichment in marine environments—a critical review. Sci Total Environ 580:813–831.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.12.028 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Buchman MF (1999) NOAA screening quick reference tables. NOAA Hazmat Report, 99–1, Seattle, Coastal protection and restoration division, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/SQuiRTs.pdf. Accessed 08 July 2016
  8. Calliari LJ, Winterwerp JC, Fernandes E, Cuchiara D, Vinzon SB, Sperle M, Holland KT (2009) Fine grain sediment transport and deposition in the Patos Lagoon-Cassino beach sedimentary system. Cont Shelf Res 29:515–529.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2008.09.019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cesar A, Choueri RB, Riba I, Morales-Casales C, Pereira CDS, Santos AR, Abessa DMS, Delvalls TA (2007) Comparative sediment quality assessment in different littoral ecosystems from Spain (Gulf of Cadiz) and Brazil (Santos and São Vicente estuarine system). Environ Int 33:429–435.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2006.11.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chiffoleau JF, Chauvaud L, Amoroux D, Barats A, Dufour A, Pecheyran C, Roux N (2004) Nickel and vanadium contamination of benthic invertebrates following the Erika wreck. Aquat Living Resour 17:273–280.  https://doi.org/10.1051/alr:2004032 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chiu SW, Ho KM, Chan SS, So OM, Lai KH (2006) Characterization of contamination in and toxicities of a shipyard area in Hong Kong. Environ Pollut 142:512–520.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2005.10.038 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Costa LDF, Wallner-Kersanach M (2013) Assessment of the labile fractions of copper and zinc in marinas and port areas in southern Brazil. Environ Monit Assess 185:6767–6781.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-013-3063-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Costa CSB, Seeliger U, Kinas PG (1988) The effect of wind velocity and direction on the salinity regime in the Patos Lagoon estuary. Ciênc e Cult 40:909–912 (in Portuguese)Google Scholar
  14. Costa LDF, Casartelli MRO, Wallner-Kersanach M (2013) Labile copper and zinc fractions under different salinity conditions area in the lagoon estuary, south of Brazil. Quím Nov 36(8):1089–1095.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422013000800002
  15. Costa LDF, Mirlean N, Wasserman JC, Wallner-Kersanach M (2016) Variability of labile metals in estuarine sediments in areas under the influence of antifouling paints Southern Brazil. Environ Earth Sci 75:580.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-016-5355-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (2015) Sediment benchmarks for aquatic life. Accessed 09 June 2015Google Scholar
  17. Förstner U, Wittman G (1979) Metal pollution in the aquatic environment. Springer-Verlag, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Freret-Meurer RNV, Andreata JV, Meurer BC, Manzano FV, Baptista MGS, Teixeira DE, Longo MM (2010) Spatial distribution of metals in sediments of the Ribeira Bay, Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Mar Pollut Bull 60:627–629.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2010.01.023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Garcia FAP, Mirlean N, Baisch PR (2010) Marcadores metálicos como avaliação do impacto crônico de emissões petroquímicas em zona urbana. Quím Nov 33(3):716–720.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422010000300040.(in Portuguese)
  20. González-Macías C, Schifter I, Lluch-Cota DB, Méndez-Rodríguez L, Hernández-Vásquez S (2006) Distribution, enrichment and accumulation of heavy metals in coastal sediments of Salina Cruz Bay, México. Environ Monit Assess 118:211–230.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-006-1492-8
  21. Harris DC (2007) Quantitative Chemical Analysis, 7th edn. China Lake, California, W.H. Freeman and Company, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  22. Hong YS, Kinney KA, Reible DD (2011) Effects of cyclic changes in pH and salinity on metals release from sediments. Environ Tox and Chem 30(8):1775-1784.  https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.584
  23. Huntingford EM, Turner A (2011) Trace metals in harbour and slipway sediments from the island of Malta central Mediterranean. Mar Pollut Bull 62:1557–1561.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.05.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kjerfve B (1986) Comparative oceanography of coastal lagoons. Estuarine Variability Acad Press, New York, pp 63–81Google Scholar
  25. Liu BL, Hu K, Jiang ZL, Yang J, Luo XM, Liu AH (2011) Distribution and enrichment of heavy metals in a sediment core from the Pearl River Estuary. Environ Earth Sci 62:265–275.  http://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-010-0520-8
  26. Magallanes-Ordonez VR, Marmoleio-Rodriguez AJ, Rodriguez-Figueroa GM, Sanchez-Gonzales A, Aguinia-Garcia S, Arreguin-Sanchez F, Zetina-Rejon M, Tripp-Valdez A (2015) Characterization of lithogenic and biogenic zones and natural enrichment of nickel in sediments of the Terminos Lagoon, Campeche, Mexico. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 156:116–123.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2014.11.007
  27. Mokhart MB, Awaluddin AB, Yusof ABBM, Bakar BB (2002) Lead in blood and hair of shipyard workers. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 69:8–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Möller OO Jr, Lorenzetti JA, Stech JL, Mata MM (1996) Patos Lagoon summertime circulation and dynamics. Cont Shelf Res 16(3):335–351.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0278-4343(95)00014-R
  29. Muller G (1969) Index of geoaccumulation in sediments of the Rhine river. Geol J 2(3):108–118 Google Scholar
  30. Nemr AE, Khaled A, Sikaily AE (2006) Distribution and statistical analysis of leachable and total heavy metals in the sediments of the Suez Gulf. Environ Monit Assess 118:89–116.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-006-0985-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Neşer G, Kontas A, Ünsalan D, Uluturhan E, Altay O, Darılmaz E, Küçüksezgin F, Tekoğul N, Yercan F (2012) Heavy metals contaminations levels at the Coast of Aliağa (Turkey) ship recycling zone. Mar Pollut Bull 64:882–887.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.02.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Nielsen KE, Dittmer J, Malmendal A, Nielsen NC (2008) Quantitative analysis of constituents in heavy fuel oil by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and multivariate data analysis. Energy Fuel 22:4070–4076.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ef800539g CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Niencheski LFH, Baraj B, França RG, Mirlean N (2002) Lithium as a normalizer for assessment of anthropogenic metal contamination of sediments of the southern area of Patos Lagoon. Aquat Ecos Health and Manag 5(4):473–483.  https://doi.org/10.1080/14634980290001977
  34. Pasquini AI, Nienscheski LFH, Depetris PJ (2012) The ENSO signature and other hydrological characteristics in Patos and adjacent coastal lagoons, south-eastern Brazil. Estuar Coast Shelf Res 111:139–146.  https://doi.org/10.1016/jecss201207004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. R Core Team (2016). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. http://www.R-project.org/
  36. Reddy MS, Basha S, Kumar VGS, Joshi HV, Ramachandraiah G (2004) Distribution, enrichment and accumulation of heavy metals in coastal sediments of Alang-Sosiya ship scrapping yard, India. Mar Pollut Bull 48:1055–1059.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2003.12.011
  37. Reyes MNM (2003) Estudos para a determinação de Ni e Pb em líquidos orgânicos estabilizados na forma de microemulsão por espectrometria de absorção atômica com forno de grafite. Dissertation, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (in Portuguese)Google Scholar
  38. Santos IR, Baisch P, Lima G, Mirlean N, Griep G, Silva-Filho EV (2004) Análise estatística multivariada de parâmetros geoquímicos em sedimentos do estuário da Laguna dos Patos. Geochem 18(1):038–045 (in Portuguese)Google Scholar
  39. Soldi T, Rolo C, Alberti G, Gallorini M, Peloso GF (1996) Environmental vanadium distribution from an industrial settlement. Sci Total Environ 181:45–50.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(95)04958-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Suguio K (1973) Introdução a sedimentologia. São Paulo (in Portuguese)Google Scholar
  41. Turner A (2010) Marine pollution from antifouling paint particles. Mar Pollut Bull 60:159–171.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.12.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Turner A, Millward GE, Roux SM (2004) Significance of oxides and particulate organic matter in controlling trace metal partitioning in a contaminated estuary. Mar Chem 88:179–192.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2004.03.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wallner-Kersanach M, Mirlean N, Baumgarten MGZ, Costa LDF, Baisch P (2016) Temporal evolution of the contamination in the southern area of the Patos Lagoon estuary, RS, Brazil. JICZM 16(3):263–279.  https://doi.org/10.5894/rgci596 Google Scholar
  44. Zimmermann CF, Keef CW, Baske J (1997) Determination of carbon and nitrogen in sediments and particulates of estuarine/coastal waters using elemental analysis. U.S. Environ Protect Ag, Method 440.0: 9. https://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_record_report.cfm?dirEntryId=309418 Accessed 10 June 2015

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thayane Lúcia Pereira
    • 1
  • Mônica Wallner-Kersanach
    • 1
  • Luiza Dy Fonseca Costa
    • 1
  • Daniel Pereira Costa
    • 1
  • Paulo Roberto Martins Baisch
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de OceanografiaUniversidade Federal do Rio GrandeRio GrandeBrazil

Personalised recommendations