Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 1719–1730 | Cite as

Nickel, vanadium, and lead as indicators of sediment contamination of marina, refinery, and shipyard areas

  • Thayane Lúcia Pereira
  • Mônica Wallner-Kersanach
  • Luiza Dy Fonseca Costa
  • Daniel Pereira Costa
  • Paulo Roberto Martins Baisch
Research Article


Metallic elements found in the aquatic environment may originate in areas where petroleum is refined and vessels are maintained and repaired. This study aims to assess contamination caused by nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), and vanadium (V) in sediment of the Lagoa dos Patos estuary (RS, Brazil) and to evaluate them as indicators of areas under the influence of petroleum products and antifouling paints. Surface sediments were collected in summer and in winter in areas of marinas, shipyards, refinery, and a control station. High Pb and V concentrations in shipyards and at the Yacht Club showed that some organisms may be affected by toxicity. High Pb results of the index of geoaccumulation (Igeo) were found at the Yacht Club and shipyards. Al, Ni, and V had similar distribution in the sediment in both seasons. Ni and V had high relation in winter at the Yacht Club and at the Santos Shipyard, thus suggesting that these elements come mainly from petroleum products. The same happened to the relations between Pb and V, as well as Pb and Ni at the Santos Shipyard. These elements are employed as useful tools as indicators to identify places with moderate to high localized anthropogenic inputs of petroleum derivatives and antifouling paints.


Nickel Lead Vanadium Aluminum Sediment Shipyards Petroleum products Antifouling paints 



The authors would like to thank the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) for the research grant given to Thayane Lúcia Pereira.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thayane Lúcia Pereira
    • 1
  • Mônica Wallner-Kersanach
    • 1
  • Luiza Dy Fonseca Costa
    • 1
  • Daniel Pereira Costa
    • 1
  • Paulo Roberto Martins Baisch
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de OceanografiaUniversidade Federal do Rio GrandeRio GrandeBrazil

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