Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 35, pp 34801–34810 | Cite as

Degradation of propyl paraben by activated persulfate using iron-containing magnetic carbon xerogels: investigation of water matrix and process synergy effects

  • Maria Evangelia Metheniti
  • Zacharias Frontistis
  • Rui S. Ribeiro
  • Adrián M.T. Silva
  • Joaquim L. Faria
  • Helder T. Gomes
  • Dionissios Mantzavinos
Research Article

Abstract

An advanced oxidation process comprising an iron-containing magnetic carbon xerogel (CX/Fe) and persulfate was tested for the degradation of propyl paraben (PP), a contaminant of emerging concern, in various water matrices. Moreover, the effect of 20 kHz ultrasound or light irradiation on process performance was evaluated. The pseudo-first order degradation rate of PP was found to increase with increasing SPS concentration (25–500 mg/L) and decreasing PP concentration (1690–420 μg/L) and solution pH (9–3). Furthermore, the effect of water matrix on kinetics was detrimental depending on the complexity (i.e., wastewater, river water, bottled water) and the concentration of matrix constituents (i.e., humic acid, chloride, bicarbonate). The simultaneous use of CX/Fe and ultrasound as persulfate activators resulted in a synergistic effect, with the level of synergy (between 35 and 50%) depending on the water matrix. Conversely, coupling CX/Fe with simulated solar or UVA irradiation resulted in a cumulative effect in experiments performed in ultrapure water.

Keywords

Combined activation Endocrine disruptor Environmental sample Heterogeneous catalyst Kinetics Synergy Ultrasound 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Dr. Zacharias Frontistis would like to thank the Greek State Scholarship Foundation (IKY) for providing him fellowship for conducting post-doctoral research in Greece through the “IKY Fellowships of Excellence for Postgraduate Studies in Greece—Siemens Programme” in the framework of the Hellenic Republic—Siemens Settlement Agreement.

Funding information

Part of this work was financially supported by: Project POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006984 - Associate Laboratory LSRE-LCM funded by FEDER through COMPETE2020—Programa Operacional Competitividade e Internacionalização (POCI) —and by national funds through Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT). Rui S. Ribeiro acknowledges the FCT individual Ph.D. grant SFRH/BD/94177/2013, with financing from FCT and the European Social Fund (through POPH and QREN). Dr. Adrian M.T. Silva acknowledges the FCT Investigator 2013 Programme (IF/01501/2013), with financing from the European Social Fund and the Human Potential Operational Programme.

References

  1. Barreca S, Colmenares JJV, Pace A, Orecchio S, Pulgarin C (2015) Escherichia coli inactivation by neutral solar heterogeneous photo-Fenton (HPF) over hybrid iron/montmorillonite/alginate beads. J Environ Chem Eng 3(1):317–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bennedsen LR, Muff J, Sogaard EG (2012) Influence of chloride and carbonates on the reactivity of activated persulfate. Chemosphere 86(11):1092–1097CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boni MR, Sbaffoni S (2012) Chemical oxidation by sodium persulphate for the treatment of contaminated groundwater. Laboratory tests. Chem Eng Trans 28:157–162Google Scholar
  4. Chen Y, Deng P, Xie P, Shang R, Wang Z, Wang S (2017) Heat-activated persulfate oxidation of methyl- and ethyl-parabens: effect, kinetics, and mechanism. Chemosphere 168:1628–1636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dhaka S, Kumar R, Ali Khan M, Paeng KJ, Kurade MB, Kim SJ, Jeon BH (2017) Aqueous phase degradation of methyl paraben using UV-activated persulfate method. Chem Eng J 321:11–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fang GD, Dionysiou DD, Wang Y, Al-Abed SR, Zhou DM (2012) Sulfate radical-based degradation of polychlorinated biphenyls: effects of chloride ion and reaction kinetics. J Hazard Mater 227-228:394–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Frontistis Z, Mantzavinos D (2017) Advanced oxidation processes for wastewater treatment. In: Kalavrouziotis IK (ed) Wastewater and biosolids management, 1st edn. IWA Publishing, London, pp 131–143Google Scholar
  8. Frontistis Z, Antonopoulou M, Konstantinou I, Mantzavinos D (2017) Degradation of ethyl paraben by heat-activated persulfate oxidation: statistical evaluation of operating factors and transformation pathways. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24(2):1073–1084CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gonzalez-Bahamon LF, Hoyos DF, Benitez N, Pulgarin C (2011) New Fe-immobilized natural bentonite plate used as photo-Fenton catalyst for organic pollutant degradation. Chemosphere 82(8):1185–1189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Haman C, Dauchy X, Rosin C, Munoz JF (2015) Occurrence, fate and behavior of parabens in aquatic environments: a review. Water Res 68:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ibanez JG, Hernandez-Esparza M, Doria-Serrano C, Fregoso-Infante A, Singh MM (2007) Environmental chemistry fundamentals. Springer-Verlag, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Kapelewska J, Kotowska U, Wisniewska K (2016) Determination of personal care products and hormones in leachate and groundwater from Polish MSW landfills by ultrasound-assisted emulsification microextraction and GC-MS. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23(2):1642–1652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lin YT, Liang C, Chen JH (2011) Feasibility study of ultraviolet activated persulfate oxidation of phenol. Chemosphere 82(8):1168–1172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Liu H, Bruton TA, Doyle FM, Sedlak DL (2014) In situ chemical oxidation of contaminated groundwater by persulfate: decomposition by Fe(III)- and Mn(IV)-containing oxides and aquifer materials. Environ Sci Technol 48(17):10330–10336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lutze HV, Kerlin N, Schmidt TC (2015) Sulfate radical-based water treatment in presence of chloride: formation of chlorate, inter-conversion of sulfate radicals into hydroxyl radicals and influence of bicarbonate. Water Res 72:349–360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Matzek LW, Carter KE (2016) Activated persulfate for organic chemical degradation: a review. Chemosphere 151:178–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Pace A, Barreca S (2013) Environmental organic photochemistry: advances and perspectives. Curr Org Chem 17(24):3032–3041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Papadopoulos C, Frontistis Z, Antonopoulou M, Venieri D, Konstantinou I, Mantzavinos D (2016) Sonochemical degradation of ethyl paraben in environmental samples: statistically important parameters determining kinetics, by-products and pathways. Ultrason Sonochem 31:62–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ribeiro RS, Frontistis Z, Mantzavinos D, Venieri D, Antonopoulou M, Konstantinou I, Silva AMT, Faria JL, Gomes HT (2016) Magnetic carbon xerogels for the catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of sulfamethoxazole in environmentally relevant water matrices. Appl Catal B - Environ 199:170–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Silva AMT, Nouli E, Carmo-Apolinario AC, Xekoukoulotakis NP, Mantzavinos D (2007) Sonophotocatalytic/H2O2 degradation of phenolic compounds in agro-industrial effluents. Catal Tod 124(3–4):232–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Tan CQ, Gao NY, Zhou SQ, Xiao YL, Zhuang ZZ (2014) Kinetic study of acetaminophen degradation by UV-based advanced oxidation processes. Chem Eng J 253:229–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Tsitonaki A, Petri B, Crimi M, Mosbaek H, Siegrist RL, Bjerg PL (2010) In situ chemical oxidation of contaminated soil and groundwater using persulfate: a review. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 40(1):55–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Velosa AC, Nascimento CAO (2017) Evaluation of sulfathiazole degradation by persulfate in Milli-Q water and in effluent of a sewage treatment plant. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24(7):6270–6277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Vicente F, Santos A, Romero A, Rodriguez S (2011) Kinetic study of diuron oxidation and mineralization by persulphate: effects of temperature, oxidant concentration and iron dosage method. Chem Eng J 170:127–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Waldemer RH, Tratnyek PG, Johnson RL, Nurmi JT (2007) Oxidation of chlorinated ethenes by heat-activated persulfate: kinetics and products. Environ Sci Technol 41:1010–1015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wu XL, Gu XG, Lu SG, Xu MH, Zang XK, Miao ZW, Qiu ZF, Sui Q (2014) Degradation of trichloroethylene in aqueous solution by persulfate activated with citric acid chelated ferrous ion. Chem Eng J 255:585–592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Zhao L, Hou H, Fujii A, Hosomi M, Li F (2014) Degradation of 1,4-dioxane in water with heat- and Fe2+-activated persulfate oxidation. Environ Sci Pollut Res 21(12):7457–7465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Zhou L, Zhang Y, Ying R, Wang G, Long T, Li J, Lin Y (2017) Thermoactivated persulfate oxidation of pesticide chlorpyrifos in aquatic system: kinetic and mechanistic investigations. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24(12):11549–11558CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of Patras, Caratheodory 1, University CampusPatrasGreece
  2. 2.Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering–Laboratory of Catalysis and Materials (LSRE-LCM), Escola Superior de Tecnologia e GestãoInstituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus de Santa ApolóniaBragançaPortugal
  3. 3.Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering–Laboratory of Catalysis and Materials (LSRE-LCM), Faculdade de EngenhariaUniversidade do Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto FriasPortoPortugal

Personalised recommendations