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Aquatic environmental assessment of Lake Balaton in the light of physical-chemical water parameters

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Abstract

One of the issues of the Hungarian Water Management Strategy is the improvement and upgrading of the water of Lake Balaton. The Water Framework Directive (WFD) specifies and sets forth the achievement of the good ecological status. However, the assessment of the water quality of the lake as a complex system requires a comprehensive monitoring and evaluation procedure. Measurements were carried out around the Lake Balaton at ten different locations/sites and 13 physical-chemical parameters were monitored at each measurement site.

For the interpretation of the water chemistry parameters the Aquatic Environmental Assessment (AEA) method devised by authors was used for the water body of the Lake Balaton. The AEA method can be used for all types of the water bodies since it is flexible and using individual weighting procedure for the water chemistry parameters comprehensive information can be obtain. The AEA method was compared with existing EIA methods according to a predefined criterion system and proved to be the most suitable tool for evaluating the environmental impacts in our study.

On the basis of the results it can be concluded that the status of the quality of studied area on the Lake Balaton can be categorized as proper quality (from the outcome of the ten measurement sites this conclusion was reached at seven sites).

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Abbreviations

AEA:

aquatic environmental assessment

AEI:

aquatic environment index

BOD5 :

biochemical oxygen demand during decomposition occurring over a 5-day period

Chla:

chlorophyll a content

CLvi :

limit value of water chemistry parameter i

CMi :

Measured value of water chemistry parameter i

CODcr :

chemical oxygen demand (using a strong oxidizing chemical, potassium dichromate)

DO:

dissolved oxygen content

EC:

electrical conductivity

GD:

governmental decree

GIS:

geographic information system

IDW:

inverse distance weighted

KBWPS:

Kis-Balaton Water Protection System

MFC:

microbial fuel cell

n :

number of the water chemistry parameters

NEIS:

National Environmental Information System

NH4-N:

ammonium-nitrogen content

NO3-N:

nitrate-nitrogen content

OS:

oxygen saturation

PO4-P:

orthophosphate content

PSPs:

solid phase P-sorbing products

QC i :

quality class of water chemistry parameter i

Q Di :

deviation of water chemistry parameter i from the legal limit value

RBMPs:

River Basin Management Plans

r Lvi :

magnitude of limit value of water chemistry parameter i;

r mi :

magnitude of the measured water chemistry parameter i;

TN:

total nitrogen content

TP:

total phosphorus content

TU:

turbidity

WFD:

Water Framework Directive

WI:

weight index

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Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the financial support of Széchenyi 2020 under the GINOP-2.3.2-15-2016-00016.

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Correspondence to Vitkor Sebestyén.

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Responsible editor: Kenneth Mei Yee Leung

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Sebestyén, V., Németh, J., Juzsakova, T. et al. Aquatic environmental assessment of Lake Balaton in the light of physical-chemical water parameters. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24, 25355–25371 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-0163-3

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Keywords

  • Evaluation algorithm
  • Physical-chemical water parameters
  • Water quality
  • Water quality improvement
  • Lake Balaton
  • IDW-GIS-based assessment