Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 24, Issue 32, pp 24965–24979 | Cite as

A comparative study of inorganic elements in the blood of male and female Caspian pond turtles (Mauremys caspica) from the southern basin of the Caspian Sea

  • Milad AdelEmail author
  • Adriana A. Cortés-Gómez
  • Maryam Dadar
  • Hossein Riyahi
  • Marc Girondot
Research Article


Due to their bioaccumulation and biomagnification pathways, inorganic elements can accumulate in high-level aquatic organisms in the food web. Then, this species can be used to monitor the quality of the environment. Blood concentration of nine inorganic elements, including possible toxic metals (An, Cu, Mn, Se, As, Ni, Cd, Pb, and Hg), in 20 males and 20 females from eight different locations with high industry and agriculture activities in Iran were evaluated in this work. Additionally, size, sex, condition index, and locations were also included and analyzed. Among the essential elements, Zn and Se presented very high concentrations (56.14 ± 2.66 and 8.44 ± 0.77 μg/g ww, respectively) in all locations. Regarding possible toxic elements, Pb and Cd presented concerning concentrations as well (0.52 and 0.58 μg/g ww); this is especially true for Pb, an element found in very high concentrations in tissues of turtles from the same area in a previous study. The sex and the size of the individuals also had significant differences in concentration of Pb, Cd, As, and Hg.


Inorganic elements Caspian pond turtle Blood 



This study was supported by the Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute. The authors acknowledge the anonymous reviewers who have contributed their time and expertise to improve this manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milad Adel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Adriana A. Cortés-Gómez
    • 2
  • Maryam Dadar
    • 3
  • Hossein Riyahi
    • 4
  • Marc Girondot
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Aquatic Animal Health and DiseasesIranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agriculture Research Education and Extension OrganizationTehranIran
  2. 2.Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, UMR 8079Université Paris Sud, CNRS et AgroParisTechOrsay cedexFrance
  3. 3.Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural ResearchKarajIran
  4. 4.DVM Graduated, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineShahrekord UniversityShahrekordIran

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