Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Heavy metal pollution status and ecological risks of sediments under the influence of water transfers in Taihu Lake, China

  • 588 Accesses

  • 7 Citations

Abstract

The effects of water transfer projects on water channels and the receiving water involved need to be understood. In this research, the compositions and particle size distributions of surface sediment and the Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn contents and distributions in the sediment along a water transfer route from the Wangyu River to Taihu Lake, China, were studied. The correlative relationship between the grain size trend and heavy metal content distribution suggested that heavy metals in Wangyu River sediment have affected the heavy metal contents of Taihu Lake sediment through silt and clay migrating in the transferred water. Enrichment factors and potential ecological risk values were calculated. Low levels of potential ecological risks are posed at 20 sampling sites in Taihu Lake, but higher-to-serious risks (potential ecological risk values >275) are posed at all Wangyu River sites. Toxicity of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Zn, and Ni) in the Wangyu River sediments is more serious than those in the Taihu Lake, but is similar to the entrance of Gonghu Bay. Multivariate statistical analyses (Pearson correlation, cluster, and factor analyses) suggested heavy metals in the study area have many sources, and the relationships between particle migration and heavy metal contents indicated transferring water are likely to lead to adverse ecological risks being posed in Taihu Lake.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

  1. Adams WJ, Kimerle RA, Barnett JW Jr (1992) Sediment quality and aquatic life assessment. Environ Sci Technol 26:1865–1875

  2. Aprile FM, Bouvy M (2008) Distribution and enrichment of heavy metals in sediments at the Tapacura River basin, northeastern Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Aquatic Science and Technology 12(1):1–8

  3. Antonio CG, Ricardo P (2003) Heavy metal sedimentary record in a Galician Ria (NW Spain): background values and recent contamination. Mar Pollut Bull 46(10):1253–1262

  4. ATSDR (2008) Agency for Toxic Substances and Diseases Registry. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine. Public Health Statement of Cadmium. US Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanda

  5. Burton GA Jr, Scott KJ (1992) Sediment toxicity evaluations, their niche in ecological assessments. Environ Sci Technol 26:2068–2075

  6. Burghard WF (2007) The influence of grain-size analysis methods and sediment mixing on curve shapes and textural parameters: implications for sediment trend analysis. Sediment Geol 202:425–435

  7. Casado-Martínez MC, Buceta JL, Belzunce MJ, DelValls TA (2006) Using sediment quality guidelines for dredged material management in commercial ports from Spain. Environ Int 32(3):388–396

  8. Delgado I, Alcantara-Carrio J, Alejo I, Alonso I, Louzao M (2002) Influence of hydrodynamics and sedimentary characteristics of Barqueiro Ria on Arealonga beach dynamics. J Coas Res 36:231–239 (Special issue)

  9. Fan C, Ji J, Zhang W, Wu Q, Chen K, Chen Y (1997) Comprehensive evaluation and preliminary prediction for water quality and eutrophication of Gonghu Bay. Transactions of Oceanology and Limnology 3:19–22 (in Chinese)

  10. Folk RL, Ward WC (1957) Brazos river bar: a study in the significance of grain size parameters. J Sediment Petrol 27(1):3–26

  11. Franco-Uria A, Lopez-Mateo C, Roca E, Fernandez-Marcos ML (2009) Source identification of heavy metals in pasture land by multivariate analysis in NW Spain. J Hazard Mater 165:1008–1015

  12. Fu C, Guo J, Pan J, Qi J, Zhou W (2009) Potential ecological risk assessment of heavy metal pollution in sediments of the Yangtze river within the Wanzhou section. China Biol Trace Elem Res 129:270–277

  13. Gao S, Collins M (1991) A critique of the “Mc Laren method” for defining sediment transport paths-discussion. J Sediment Petrol 61(1):143–146

  14. Gao S, Collins M (1992) Net sediment transport patterns inferred from grain-size trends, based on definition of “transport vectors”. Sediment Geol 81:47–60

  15. Gao S (1995) A fortran program for grain-size trend analysis to define net sediment transport pathways. Computer & Geosciences 22(4):449–452

  16. Guo W, Liu X, Liu Z, Li G (2010) Pollution and potential ecological risk evaluation of heavy metals in the sediments around Dongjiang Harbor, Tianjin. Procedia Environ Sci 2:729–736

  17. Hosper H, Meyer ML (1986) Control of phosphorus loading and flushing as restoration methods for Lake Veluwe, the Netherlands. Aquat Ecol 20:183–194

  18. Harikumar PS, Nasir UP (2010) Ecotoxicological impact assessment of heavy metals in core sediments of a tropical estuary. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 73:1742–1747

  19. Hu WP, Zhai SJ, Zhu ZC, Han HJ (2008) Impacts of the Yangtze River water transfer on the restoration of Lake Taihu. Ecol Eng 34:30–49

  20. Jagtman E, Van Der Molen DT, Vermij S (1992) The influence of flushing on nutrient dynamics, composition and densities of algae and transparency in Veluwemeer, the Netherlands. Hydrobiologia 233:187–196

  21. Jain CK, Gupta H, Chakrapani GJ (2008) Enrichment and fractionation of heavy metals in bed sediments of river Narmada, India. Environ Monit Assess 141:35–47

  22. Jin Z, Cheng H, Chen L, Li X, Zhu G, Zhuang G, Qian N (2010) Concentrations and contamination trends of heavy metals in the sediment cores of Taihu Lake, East China, and their relationship with historical eutrophication. Chin J Geochem 29:33–41

  23. Jia J-J, Gao S, Xue Y-C (2003) Sediment dynamic processes of the Yuehu inlet system, Shandong Peninsula, China. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 57(5–6):783–801

  24. Le Roux JP (1994) An alternative approach to the identification of net transport paths based on grain-size trends. Sediment Geol 94:47–60

  25. Li YP, Acharya K, Yu ZB (2011) Modeling impacts of Yangtze River water transfer on water ages in Lake Taihu, China. Ecol Eng 37:325–334

  26. Lin S, I-Jy H, Huang K–M, Wang C-H (2002) Influence of the Yangtze River and grain size on the spatial variations of heavy metals and organic carbon in the East China Sea continental shelf sediments. Chem Geol 182:377–394

  27. Liu WL, Hu WP, Chen YG, Gu XH, Hu ZX, Chen YW, Ji J (2007) Temporal and spatial variation of aquatic macrophytes in West Taihu Lake. Acta Ecol Sin 27:159–170 (in Chinese)

  28. Mcmanus J (1988) Grain size determination and interpretation. In: Tucker M (ed) Techniques in sedimentology. Black-well, Oxford, pp. 63–85

  29. McLaren P, Bowles D (1985) The effects of sediment transport on grain size distribution. J Sediment Petrol 55:457–470

  30. McLaren P, Little DI (1987) The effects of sediment transport on contaminant dispersal: An example from Milford Haven. Marine Pollution Bulletin 18 (11):586–594

  31. Petitjohn FG, Ridge JD (1938) A textural variation series of beach sands from cedar point. Ohio J Sediment Petrol 2(2):76–88

  32. Plumley WJ (1948) Black Hills terrace gravels: a study in sediment transport. J Geol 56(6):526–577

  33. Poizot E, Me’ar Y (2010) Using a GIS to enhance grain size trend analysis. Environ Model Softw 25:513–525

  34. Qian KM, Chen YW, Song XL (2008) Long-term development of phytoplankton dominant species related to eutrophication in Lake Taihu. Ecol Sci 27:65–70 (in Chinese)

  35. Selvaraj K, Ram Mohan V, Szefer P (2004) Evaluation of metal contamination in coastal sediments of the Bay of Bengal, India: geochemical and statistical approaches. Mar Pollut Bull 49:174–185

  36. Srikanth K, Iqbal A, Ramjee P, Venkateswara RJ (2013) Spatial variation of potentially toxic elements in different grain size fractions of marine sediments from Gulf of Mannar, India. Environ Monit Assess 185:7581–7589

  37. Suresh G, Ramasamy V, Meenakshisundaram V, Venkatachalapathy R, Ponnu-samy V (2011) Influence of mineralogical and heavy metal composition on natural radionuclide contents in the river sediments. Appl Radiat Isot 69:1466–1474

  38. Tang W, Shan B, Zhang H, Zhang W, Zhao Y, Ding Y, Nan R, Zhu X (2014) Heavy metal contamination in the surface sediments of representative limnetic ecosystems in eastern China. Sci Rep 4

  39. Wang C, Liu S, Zhao Q, Deng L, Dong S (2012) Spatial variation and contamination assessment of heavy metals in sediments in the Manwan Reservoir, Lancang River. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 82:32–39

  40. Wang C, Shen C, Wang PF, Qian J, Hou J, Liu JJ (2013) Modeling of sediment and heavy metal transport in Taihu Lake, China. J Hydrodyn 25(3):379–387

  41. Wang P, Liu J, Wang C, Qian J, Hou J, Ren L (2014) Seasonal, spatial distribution and ecological risk assessment of heavy metals in surface sediments from a watershed area in Gonghu Bay in Taihu Lake, China. Terr Atmos Ocean Sci 25(4):605–616

  42. Wu J, Wang R, Yu JY, Yu ZM, Shen XD (1999) Macrozoobenthos communities of West Lake after drawing fresh water from Qiantang River. Environ PollutControl 21:25–29 (in Chinese)

  43. Zhai SJ, Hu WP, Zhu ZC (2010) Ecological impacts of water transfers on Lake Taihu from the Yangtze River, China. Ecol Eng 36:406–420

  44. Zhang J, Liu CL (2002) Riverine composition and estuarine geochemistry of particulate metals in China-weathering features, anthropogenic impact and chemical fluxes. Estuar Coastal Shelf Sci 54:1051–1070

  45. Zhang C, Yu ZG, Zeng GM, Jiang M, Yang ZZ, Cui F, Zhu MY, Shen LQ, Hu L (2014) Effects of sediments geochemical properties on heavy metal bioavailability. Environ Int 73:270–281

  46. Zheng S, Wang P, Wang C, Hou J, Qian J (2013) Distribution of metals in water and suspended particulate matter during thr resuspension processes in Taihu Lake sediment, China. Quat Int 286:94–102

  47. Zheng N, Wang Q, Liang Z, Zheng D (2008) Characterization of heavy metal concentrations in the sediments of three freshwater rivers in Huludao City, Northeast China. Enviro Pullut 154:135–142

Download references

Acknowledgments

We also appreciate the generous financial support of this work provided by the National Science Fund for Creative Research Groups of China (No. 51421006), the Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (No. IRT13061), the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (No. 51225901), the Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41430751), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51579073), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2015B25314), and PAPD.

Author information

Correspondence to Peifang Wang.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Liu, J., Wang, P., Wang, C. et al. Heavy metal pollution status and ecological risks of sediments under the influence of water transfers in Taihu Lake, China. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24, 2653–2666 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7909-1

Download citation

Keywords

  • Heavy metals
  • Sediment
  • Water transfer route
  • Grain size trend
  • Ecological risk assessment
  • Wangyu River