Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 864–873 | Cite as

Global estimates of carbon monoxide emissions from 1960 to 2013

  • Qirui Zhong
  • Ye Huang
  • Huizhong Shen
  • Yilin Chen
  • Han Chen
  • Tianbo Huang
  • Eddy Y. Zeng
  • Shu TaoEmail author
Research Article


The quantification of carbon monoxide (CO) emissions is necessary for atmospheric research and has been studied extensively. Aiming to build an inventory with both high spatial resolution and detailed source information, this study estimated the monthly nation-level CO emissions from 79 major sources from 1960 to 2013, based on which a 0.1° × 0.1° gridded emission map was developed for 2011 using a recent energy product. The high sectorial resolution of this inventory can help scientists to study the influence of socioeconomic development on emissions, help decision makers to formulate abatement strategies, and potentially benefit emission-reduction scenario modeling and cost-benefit analysis. Our estimate for 2011 was 888.17 Tg (745.67 Tg–1112.80 Tg), with a much higher contribution from anthropogenic activities (68 %) than wildfire and deforestation (32 %). The anthropogenic emissions in recent years were dominated by developing countries due to the continuously increasing industrial production intensity and/or population explosion. Further discussion of the spatial and temporal variation of emissions was conducted, and a decreased emission intensity was observed, which was attributed to related policies and technological progress.


Carbon monoxide Emission inventory Sectorial resolution Spatial distribution Emission intensity Combustion efficiency 



This work was founded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41571130010, 41390240, 41130754).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

11356_2016_7896_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (463 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 463 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qirui Zhong
    • 1
  • Ye Huang
    • 1
  • Huizhong Shen
    • 1
  • Yilin Chen
    • 1
  • Han Chen
    • 1
  • Tianbo Huang
    • 1
  • Eddy Y. Zeng
    • 2
  • Shu Tao
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, College of Urban and Environmental SciencesPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Lab Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of GeochemistryChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina

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