Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 23, Issue 23, pp 23951–23958 | Cite as

Plastic ingestion by Newell’s (Puffinus newelli) and wedge-tailed shearwaters (Ardenna pacifica) in Hawaii

  • Elizabeth C. Kain
  • Jennifer L. Lavers
  • Carl J. Berg
  • André F. Raine
  • Alexander L. Bond
Research Article

Abstract

The ingestion of plastic by seabirds has been used as an indicator of pollution in the marine environment. On Kaua‘i, HI, USA, 50.0 % of Newell’s (Puffinus newelli) and 76.9 % of wedge-tailed shearwater (Ardenna pacifica) fledglings necropsied during 2007–2014 contained plastic items in their digestive tract, while 42.1 % of adult wedge-tailed shearwaters had ingested plastic. For both species, the frequency of plastic ingestion has increased since the 1980s with some evidence that the mass and the number of items ingested per bird have also increased. The color of plastic ingested by the shearwaters was assessed relative to beach-washed plastics by using Jaccard’s index (where J = 1 complete similarity). The color (J = 0.65–0.68) of items ingested by both species, and the type ingested by wedge-tailed shearwaters (J = 0.85–0.87), overlapped with plastic available in the local environment indicating moderate selection for plastic color and type. This study has shown that the Hawaiian populations of shearwaters, like many seabird species, provide useful but worrying insights into plastic pollution and the health of our oceans.

Keywords

Marine debris ingestion North Pacific Gyre Plastic pollution Seabird sentinel 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This project was a collaboration between the Kaua‘i Community College, the Kauai Chapter of the Surfrider Foundation, and the Kaua‘i Endangered Seabird Recovery Project (KESRP). Funding was generously provided by the Surfrider Foundation as part of its Kaua‘i Marine Debris Program, with staff time and resources provided by KESRP. We thank Save Our Shearwaters, Hawaii Department of Fish and Wildlife, and T. Anderson for additional support. Three anonymous reviewers provided valuable feedback on earlier drafts of the manuscript.

References

  1. Ainley DG, Spear LB, Ribic CA (1985) The incidence of plastic in the diet of pelagic seabirds in the eastern equatorial Pacific regions. US Department of Commerce, NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-154, Honolulu, HawaiiGoogle Scholar
  2. Ainley DG, Telfer TC, Reynolds MH (1997) Townsend’s and Newell’s shearwater (Puffinus auricularis). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NYGoogle Scholar
  3. Ainley DG, Walker WA, Spencer GC, Holmes ND (2014) The prey of Newell’s shearwater Puffinus newelli in Hawaiian waters. Mar Ornithol 44:69–72Google Scholar
  4. Andrady AL (2011) Microplastics in the marine environment. Mar Pollut Bull 62:1596–1605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Avery-Gomm S, Provencher JF, Morgan KH, Bertram DF (2013) Plastic ingestion in marine-associated bird species from the eastern North Pacific. Mar Pollut Bull 72:257–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Barnes DKA (2005) Remote islands reveal rapid rise of southern hemisphere sea debris. Sci World J 5:915–921CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Barnes DKA, Galgani F, Thompson RC, Barlaz M (2009) Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments. Philos Trans R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 364:1985–1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. BirdLife International (2013) Species factsheet: Puffinus newelli, downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/11/2015
  9. Blight LK, Burger AE (1997) Occurrence of plastic particles in seabirds from the eastern North Pacific. Mar Pollut Bull 34:323–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Boerger CM, Lattin GL, Moore SL, Moore CJ (2010) Plastic ingestion by planktivorous fishes in the North Pacific Central Gyre. Mar Pollut Bull 60:2275–2278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bond AL, Jones IL, Williams JC, Byrd GV (2012) Diet of auklet chicks in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska: similarity among islands, inter-species overlap, and relationships to ocean climate. J Ornithol 153:115–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Byrd GV, Moriarty DI, Brady BG (1983) Breeding biology of wedge-tailed shearwaters at Kilauea Point, Hawaii. Condor 85:292–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Carey MJ (2011) Intergenerational transfer of plastic debris by short-tailed shearwaters (Ardenna tenuirostris). Emu 111:229–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Carr A (1987) Impacts of non degradable marine debris on the ecology and survival outlook of sea turtles. Mar Pollut Bull 18:352–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Carson HS (2013) The incidence of plastic ingestion by fishes: from the prey’s perspective. Mar Pollut Bull 74:170–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cooper DA, Corcoran PL (2010) Effects of mechanical and chemical processes on the degradation of plastic beach debris on the island of Kauai. Hawaii Mar Pollut Bull 60:650–654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cooper J, Auman HJ, Klavitter J (2004) Do the albatross of Midway Atoll select cigarette lighters by color? Pacific Seabirds 31:2–4Google Scholar
  18. Croxall JPP, Butchart SHM, Lascelles B, Stattersfield AJJ, Sullivan BJJ, Symes A, Taylor P (2012) Seabird conservation status, threats and priority actions: a global assessment. Bird Cons Int 22:1–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Davison P, Asch RG (2011) Plastic ingestion by mesopelagic fishes in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 432:173–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Day RH (1980) The occurrence and characteristics of plastic pollution in Alaska’s marine birds. University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska, 111 ppGoogle Scholar
  21. Day RH, Wehle DHS, Coleman FC (1985) Ingestion of plastic pollutants by marine birds. In: Shomura RS, Yoshida HO (Hrsg.). NOAA Technical Memo NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFC-54, Honolulu, Hawaii, pp. 344–386Google Scholar
  22. Day RH, Shaw DG, Ignell SE (1990) The quantitative distribution and characteristics of neuston plastic in the North Pacific Ocean, 1985–88, Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Marine Debris. U.S. Department of Commerce, Honolulu, HawaiiGoogle Scholar
  23. Derraik JGB (2002): The pollution of the marine environment by plastic debris: a review. Mar Pollut Bull 44, 842–852Google Scholar
  24. Eriksen M, Lebreton LCM, Carson HS, Thiel M, Moore CJ, Borerro JC, Galgani F, Ryan PG, Reisser J (2014) Plastic pollution in the world’s oceans: more than 5 trillion plastic pieces weighing over 250,000 tons afloat at sea. PLoS One 9:e111913CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Fry DM, Fefer SI, Sileo L (1987) Ingestion of plastic debris by Laysan albatrosses and wedge-tailed shearwaters in the Hawaiian Islands. Mar Pollut Bull 18:339–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Gall SC, Thompson RC (2015) The impact of debris on marine life. Mar Pollut Bull 92:170–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Gray H, Lattin GL, Moore CJ (2012) Incidence, mass and variety of plastics ingested by Laysan (Phoebastria immutabilis) and black-footed albatrosses (P. nigripes) recovered as by-catch in the North Pacific Ocean. Mar Pollut Bull 64:2190–2192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Gregory MR (2009) Environmental implications of plastic debris in marine settings-entanglement, ingestion, smothering, hangers-on, hitch-hiking and alien invasions. Philos Trans R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 364:2013–2025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hammer S, Nager RG, Johnson PCD, Furness RW, Provencher JF (2016) Plastic debris in great skua (Stercorarius skua) pellets corresponds to seabird prey species. Mar Pollut Bull 103:206–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Harrison CS, Hida TS, Seki MP (1983) Hawaiian seabird feeding ecology. Wildl Monogr 85:3–71Google Scholar
  31. Hutton I, Carlile N, Priddel D (2008) Plastic ingestion by flesh-footed shearwaters, Puffinus carneipes, and wedge-tailed shearwaters, Puffinus pacificus. Pap Proc R Soc Tas 142:67–72Google Scholar
  32. Hyrenbach KD, Gleichman JS, Karnovsky NJ (2014) Diving behavior of wedge-tailed shearwaters rearing chicks on Lehua Islet. Elepaio 74:1–4Google Scholar
  33. Ivlev VS (1961) Experimental ecology of the feeding of fishes. Yale University Press, New Haven, CTGoogle Scholar
  34. Jambeck JR, Geyer R, Wilcox C, Siegler TR, Perryman M, Andrady A, Narayan R, Law KL (2015) Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. Science 347:768–771CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Jantz LA, Morishige CL, Bruland GL, Lepczyk CA (2013) Ingestion of plastic marine debris by longnose lancetfish (Alepisaurus ferox) in the North Pacific Ocean. Mar Pollut Bull 69:97–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Kenyon KW, Kridler E (1969) Laysan albatrosses swallow indigestible matter. Auk 86:339–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Laist DW (1997) Impacts of marine debris: entanglement of marine life in marine debris including a comprehensive list of species with entanglement and ingestion records. In: Coe JM, Rogers DB (eds) Marine debris. Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 99–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Lavers JL, Bond AL (2016a) Selectivity of flesh-footed shearwaters for plastic colour: evidence for differential provisioning in adults and fledglings. Mar Environ Res 113:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lavers JL, Bond AL (2016b) Ingested plastic as a route for trace metals in Laysan albatross (Phoebastria immutabilis) and Bonin petrel (Pterodroma hypoleuca) from Midway Atoll. Mar Pollut Bull 110:493–500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Lavers JL, Hodgson J, Clarke RH (2013) Prevalence and composition of marine debris in brown booby (Sula leucogaster) nests on Ashmore Reef. Mar Pollut Bull 77:320–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Lavers JL, Bond AL, Hutton I (2014) Plastic ingestion by flesh-footed shearwaters (Puffinus carneipes): implications for chick body condition and the accumulation of plastic-derived chemicals. Environ Pollut 187:124–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Lutz PL (1990) Studies on the ingestion of plastic and latex by sea turtles. In: Shomura RS, Godfrey ML (Hrsg), Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Marine Debris US Dept of Commerce report no NOM-TM-NMFS-SUFSC-15, pp. 719–735Google Scholar
  43. Macfadyen G, Huntington T, Cappell R 2009 Abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear, RomeGoogle Scholar
  44. Morris RJ (1980) Plastic debris in the surface waters from the South Atlantic. Mar Pollut Bull 5:26–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Moser ML, Lee DS (1992) A fourteen year survey of plastic ingestion by western North Atlantic seabirds. Waterbirds 15:83–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Nel DC, Nel JL (1999) Marine debris and fishing gear associated with seabirds at sub-Antarctic Marion Island, 1996/97 and 1997/98: in relation to long-line fishing activity. CCAMLR Science 6:85–96Google Scholar
  47. Pettit TN, Grant GS, Whittow CG (1981) Ingestion of plastics by Laysan albatross. Auk 98:839–841Google Scholar
  48. R Core Team (2016) R: a language and environment for statistical computing. Version 3.2.4 [computer program]. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, AustriaGoogle Scholar
  49. Real R, Vargas JM (1996) The probabilistic basis of Jaccard’s index of similarity. Syst Biol 45:380–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Rochman CM, Browne MA, Halpern BS, Hentschel BT, Hoh E, Karapanagioti HK, Rios-Mendoza LM, Takada H, Teh S, Thompson RC (2013a) Policy: classify plastic waste as hazardous. Nature 494:169–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Rochman CM, Hoh E, Kurobe T, Teh SJ (2013b) Ingested plastic transfers hazardous chemicals to fish and induces hepatic stress. Sci Rep 3:3263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Rochman CM, Browne MA, Underwood AJ, van Franeker JA, Thompson RC, Amaral-Zettler LA (2016) The ecological impacts of marine debris: unraveling the demonstrated evidence from what is perceived. Ecol 97:302–312Google Scholar
  53. Rodríguez A, Rodríguez B, Nazaret Carrasco M (2012) High prevalence of parental delivery of plastic debris in Cory’s shearwaters (Calonectris diomedea). Mar Pollut Bull 64:2219–2223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Ryan PG (1987) The incidence and characteristics of plastic particles ingested by seabirds. Mar Environ Res 23:175–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Ryan PG (1990) The effects of ingested plastic and other marine debris on seabirds. In: Shomura RS, Godfrey MH (Hrsg), Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Marine Debris U S Department of Commerce, Honolulu, Hawaii, pp. 623–634Google Scholar
  56. Ryan P (2015) How quickly do albatrosses and petrels digest plastic particles? Environ Pollut 207:438–440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Shaw DG, Day RH (1994) Colour- and form-dependent loss of plastic micro-debris from the North Pacific Ocean. Mar Pollut Bull 28:39–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Shchetinnikov AS (1992) Feeding spectrum of squid Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis (Oegopsida) in the eastern Pacific. J Mar Biol Assoc U K 72:849–860CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Sievert PR, Sileo L (1993) The effects of ingested plastic on growth and survival of albatross chicks. In: Vermeer K, Briggs KT, Morgan KH, Siegel-Causey D (Editors). Canadian Wildlife Service Special Publication, OttawaGoogle Scholar
  60. Sileo L, Sievert PR, Samuel MD, Fefer SI (1990) Prevalence and characteristics of plastic ingested by Hawaiian seabirds. In: Shomura RS, Godfrey ML (Hrsg.). U.S. Department of Commerce, Honolulu, HawaiiGoogle Scholar
  61. Spear LB, Ainley D, Nur N, Howell SNG (1995a) Population size and factors affecting at-sea distributions of four endangered procellariids in the tropical Pacific. Condor 97:613–638CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Spear LB, Ainley DG, Ribic CA (1995b) Incidence of plastic in seabirds from the tropical Pacific, 1984-1991: relation with distribution of species, sex, age, season, year, and body weight. Mar Environ Res 40:123–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Sussarellu R, Suquet M, Thomas Y, Lambert C, Fabioux C, Pernet MEJ, Le Goïc N, Quillien V, Mingant C, Epelboin Y, Corporeau C, Guyomarch J, Robbens J, Paul-Pont I, Soudant P, Huvet A (2016) Oyster reproduction is affected by exposure to polystyrene microplastics. Proc Natl Acad Sci 113:2430–2435Google Scholar
  64. Tanaka K, Takada H, Yamashita R, Mizukawa K, Fukuwaka M, Watanuki Y (2013) Accumulation of plastic-derived chemicals in tissues of seabirds ingesting marine plastics. Mar Pollut Bull 69:219–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Tanaka K, Takada H, Yamashita R, Mizukawa K, Fukuwaka M, Watanuki Y (2015) Facilitated leaching of additive-derived PBDEs from plastic by seabirds’ stomach oil and accumulation in tissues. Environ Sci Technol Lett 49:11799–11807CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Thiel M, Hinojosa IA, Miranda L, Pantoja JF, Rivadeneira MM, Vásquez N (2013) Anthropogenic marine debris in the coastal environment: a multi-year comparison between coastal waters and local shores. Mar Pollut Bull 71:307–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Thompson RC, Swan SH, Moore CJ, vom Saal FS (2009) Our plastic age. Philos Trans R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 364:1973–1976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. UNEP (2014) Year book 2014: emerging issues in our global environment. Chapter 8: plastic debris in the ocean. United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, KenyaGoogle Scholar
  69. van Franeker JA (2011) 3.c.5. A standard protocol for monitoring marine debris using seabird stomach contents: the Fulmar EcoQO approach from the North Sea, Fifth International Marine Debris Conference, HawaiiGoogle Scholar
  70. van Franeker JA, Law KL (2015) Seabirds, gyres and global trends in plastic pollution. Environ Pollut 203:89–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. van Franeker JA, Heubeck M, Fairclough K, Turner DM, Grantham M, Stienen EWM, Guse N, Pedersen JC, Olsen KO, Andersson PJ, Olsen B (2005) “Save the North Sea” fulmar study 2002–2004: a regional pilot project for the Fulmar-Litter-EcoQO in the OSPAR area. Alterra, WageningenGoogle Scholar
  72. van Franeker JA, Blaize C, Danielsen J, Fairclough K, Gollan J, Guse N, Hansen PL, Heubeck M, Jensen JK, Le Guillou G, Olsen B, Olsen KO, Pedersen J, Stienen EW, Turner DM (2011) Monitoring plastic ingestion by the northern fulmar Fulmarus glacialis in the North Sea. Environ Pollut 159:2609–2615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Vegter AC et al. (2014) Global research priorities for the management and mitigation of plastic pollution on marine wildlife. Endanger Species Res 25:225–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Verlis KM, Campbell ML, Wilson SP (2013) Ingestion of marine debris plastic by the wedge-tailed shearwater Ardenna pacifica in the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Mar Pollut Bull 72:244–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Votier SC, Archibald K, Morgan G, Morgan L (2011) The use of plastic debris as nesting material by a colonial seabird and associated entanglement mortality. Mar Pollut Bull 62:168–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Whittow CG (1997) Wedge-tailed shearwater (Puffinus pacificus). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NYGoogle Scholar
  77. Wright SL, Thompson RC, Galloway TS (2013) The physical impacts of microplastics on marine organisms: a review. Environ Pollut 178:483–492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Young LC, Vanderlip C, Duffy DC, Afanasyev V, Shaffer SA (2009) Bringing home the trash: do colony-based differences in foraging distribution lead to increased plastic ingestion in Laysan albatrosses? PLoS One 4 e7623Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth C. Kain
    • 1
  • Jennifer L. Lavers
    • 2
  • Carl J. Berg
    • 3
  • André F. Raine
    • 1
  • Alexander L. Bond
    • 4
  1. 1.Kaua‘i Endangered Seabird Recovery ProjectHanapepeUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Marine and Antarctic StudiesUniversity of TasmaniaTasmaniaAustralia
  3. 3.Kaua‘i ChapterSurfrider FoundationWaimeaUSA
  4. 4.Ardenna ResearchSandyUK

Personalised recommendations