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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 24, Issue 33, pp 25500–25512 | Cite as

Remediation by chemical reduction in laboratory mesocosms of three chlordecone-contaminated tropical soils

  • Christophe MouvetEmail author
  • Marie-Christine Dictor
  • Sébastien Bristeau
  • Dominique Breeze
  • Anne Mercier
4th International Symposium on Environmental Biotechnology and Engineering-2014

Abstract

Chlordecone (CLD), a highly persistent organochlorine pesticide commonly encountered in French West Indies (FWI) agricultural soils, represents a major source of contamination of FWI ecosystems. The potential of chemical reduction for remediation of CLD-contaminated soil has been investigated in laboratory pilot-scale 80 kg mesocosms for andosol, ferralsol, and nitisol from FWI banana plantations. Six cycles consisting of a 3-week reducing phase followed by a 1-week oxidizing phase were applied, with 2 % (dw/dw) Daramend® (organic plant matter fortified with zero valent iron) added at the start of each cycle. Complementary amendments of zero valent iron and zinc (total of 3 % dw/dw) were added at the start of the first three cycles. After the 6-month treatment, the CLD soil concentration was lowered by 74 % in nitisol, 71 % in ferralsol, and 22 % in andosol. Eleven CLD-dechlorinated transformation products, from mono- to penta-dechlorinated, were identified. None of them accumulated over the duration of the experiment. Six of the seven ecotoxicological tests applied showed no difference between the control and treated soils. The treatment applied in this study may offer a means to remediate CLD-contaminated soils, especially nitisol and ferralsol.

Keywords

Chlordecone Chemical reduction Soil remediation Daramend® Zero-valent iron 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The help of Dr. Y. M. Cabidoche in selecting the plots for sampling the soils and contacting their owners was greatly appreciated. The input of W. Sowocool was decisive in the identification of the transformation products of chlordecone. Scientific collaboration with Dr. Jim Mueller (PROVECTUS Environmental products, formerly FMC Corporation and Adventus) is gratefully acknowledged. Technical and scientific inputs from Laurent Thannberger (Valgo) were very much appreciated. Thanks for technical assistance to Pierre Gallé-Cavalloni, Pascal Auger, Mickael Beaulieu, Laure Lereau and Hafida Tris.

The results presented here were obtained through financing by the French Ministry of Environment (contract 2010 SU 0006693 and 2100598309).

Supplementary material

11356_2016_7582_MOESM1_ESM.pptx (63 kb)
SM1 Fig. S1 (PPTX 62 kb)
11356_2016_7582_MOESM2_ESM.docx (69 kb)
SM2 Fig. S1 (DOCX 69 kb)
11356_2016_7582_MOESM3_ESM.docx (17 kb)
SM3 Table S1 (DOCX 17 kb)
11356_2016_7582_MOESM4_ESM.docx (19 kb)
SM3 Table S2 (DOCX 18 kb)
11356_2016_7582_MOESM5_ESM.docx (111 kb)
SM4 Table S1 and Fig. S1 (DOCX 111 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christophe Mouvet
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marie-Christine Dictor
    • 1
  • Sébastien Bristeau
    • 2
  • Dominique Breeze
    • 2
  • Anne Mercier
    • 1
  1. 1.BRGM – Water, Environment and Ecotechnologies DivisionOrléans, Cedex 2France
  2. 2.BRGM – Laboratory DivisionOrléans, Cedex 2France

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