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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 23, Issue 19, pp 18966–18987 | Cite as

Pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables in Ghana: a review

  • Augustine DonkorEmail author
  • Paul Osei-Fosu
  • Brajesh Dubey
  • Robert Kingsford-Adaboh
  • Cephas Ziwu
  • Isaac Asante
Review Article

Abstract

Pesticides are known to improve agriculture yield considerably leading to an increase in its application over the years. The use of pesticides has shown varying detrimental effects in humans as well as the environment. Presently, enough evidence is available to suggest their misuse and overuse in the last few decades in most developing nations primarily due to lack of education, endangering the lives of farmers as well as the entire population and environment. However, there is paucity of data especially over long durations in Ghana resulting in the absence of effective monitoring programs regarding pesticide application and subsequent contamination in fruits and vegetables. Therefore, this review discusses comprehensively pesticide type and use, importation, presence in fruits and vegetables, human exposure, and poisoning in Ghana. This is to alert the scientific community in Ghana of the need to further research into the potential implications of pesticide residues in food commodities in order to generate a comprehensive and reliable database which is key in drafting policies simultaneous with food regulation, suitable monitoring initiatives, assessment, and education to minimize their effects thereon.

Keywords

Pesticides Monitoring Human exposure Poisoning Fruits and vegetables Ghana 

Supplementary material

11356_2016_7317_MOESM1_ESM.docx (21 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 20 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Augustine Donkor
    • 1
    Email author
  • Paul Osei-Fosu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Brajesh Dubey
    • 3
  • Robert Kingsford-Adaboh
    • 1
  • Cephas Ziwu
    • 1
  • Isaac Asante
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of GhanaAccraGhana
  2. 2.Pesticide Residue LaboratoryGhana Standards AuthorityAccraGhana
  3. 3.Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and ManagementIndian Institute TechnologyKharagpurIndia
  4. 4.Department of BotanyUniversity of GhanaLegon-AccraGhana

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