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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 23, Issue 19, pp 19570–19579 | Cite as

Influences of plant type on bacterial and archaeal communities in constructed wetland treating polluted river water

  • Yan Long
  • Hao Yi
  • Sili Chen
  • Zhengke Zhang
  • Kai Cui
  • Yongxin Bing
  • Qiongfang Zhuo
  • Bingxin Li
  • Shuguang XieEmail author
  • Qingwei GuoEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

Both bacteria and archaeal communities can play important roles in biogeochemical processes in constructed wetland (CW) system. However, the influence of plant type on microbial community in surface water CW remains unclear. The present study investigated bacterial and archaeal communities in five surface water CW systems with different plant species. The abundance, richness, and diversity of both bacterial and archaeal communities considerably differed in these five CW systems. Compared with the other three CW systems, the CW systems planted with Vetiveria zizanioides or Juncus effusus L. showed much higher bacterial abundance but lower archaeal abundance. Bacteria outnumbered archaea in each CW system. Moreover, the CW systems planted with V. zizanioides or J. effusus L. had relatively lower archaeal but higher bacterial richness and diversity. In each CW system, bacterial community displayed much higher richness and diversity than archaeal community. In addition, a remarkable difference of both bacterial and archaeal community structures was observed in the five studied CW systems. Proteobacteria was the most abundant bacterial group (accounting for 33–60 %). Thaumarchaeota organisms (57 %) predominated in archaeal communities in CW systems planted with V. zizanioides or J. effusus L., while Woesearchaeota (23 or 24 %) and Euryarchaeota (23 or 15 %) were the major archaeal groups in CW systems planted with Cyperus papyrus or Canna indica L. Archaeal community in CW planted with Typha orientalis Presl was mainly composed of unclassified archaea. Therefore, plant type exerted a considerable influence on microbial community in surface water CW system.

Keywords

Archaea Bacteria Constructed wetland Microbial community River water Vegetation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 50908095, 41001323).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical statement

The work has not been published previously and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Supplementary material

11356_2016_7166_MOESM1_ESM.docx (12 kb)
Table S1 The average removal rates of NH4+-N and TOC by each wetland (DOCX 20 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yan Long
    • 1
  • Hao Yi
    • 2
  • Sili Chen
    • 2
  • Zhengke Zhang
    • 2
  • Kai Cui
    • 2
  • Yongxin Bing
    • 2
  • Qiongfang Zhuo
    • 2
  • Bingxin Li
    • 3
  • Shuguang Xie
    • 3
    Email author
  • Qingwei Guo
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Water/Soil Toxic Pollutants Control and Bioremediation of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes, School of EnvironmentJinan UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.South China Institute of Environmental Sciences (SCIES)Ministry of Environment Protection (MEP)GuangzhouChina
  3. 3.State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Sciences and EngineeringPeking UniversityBeijingChina

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