Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Degradation of organic contaminants in effluents—synthetic and from the textile industry—by Fenton, photocatalysis, and H2O2 photolysis

  • 488 Accesses

  • 7 Citations


In this study, the oxidation of the dye rhodamine B (RhB), present in a synthetic effluent, and the degradation of organic matter present in a textile effluent, were assessed by photolysis (H2O2, UV), homogeneous Fenton (Fe2+, H2O2), and photocatalysis (TiO2, UV). The results showed that photolysis and Fenton had an efficiency of 100 % and photocatalysis, 96 %, to discoloration 10 mg L−1 RhB, present in the synthetic effluent. The best experimental conditions determined for these reactions showed that the one performed with 51 mg L−1 H2O2 and UV light had the best results, where 100 % of RhB was discolored in only 6 min of reaction. The optimum conditions determined in the first part of this study for the RhB oxidation did not show satisfactory results for the degradation of organic matter present in the textile effluent sample, and it was necessary to increase the amount of reagents in the three processes. After resizing the concentration of the reagents for the reactions with the textile effluent, the following reductions of color, total organic carbon (TOC), and total soluble solids (SS) were obtained: photocatalysis 29, 25, and 32 %; photolysis 85, 69, and 35 %; Fenton 98, 90, and 23 %; and biological (followed by physicochemical) treatment carried out by the textile industry 96, 48, and 9 %. It is observed that the Fenton reaction showed the best result, followed by photolysis reaction, a treatment carried out by industry and, at last, photocatalysis.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7


  1. Amorim CC, Leão MMD, Moreira RFPM (2009) Comparison of various advanced oxidation processes for azo dye degradation. Eng Sanit Ambient 14:543–550. doi:10.1590/S1413-41522009000400014 (in Portuguese)

  2. Chong MN, Jin B, Chow CWK, Saint C (2010) Recent developments in photocatalytic water treatment technology: a review. Water Res 44:2997–3027. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2010.02.039

  3. Fioreze M, Santos EPD, Schmachtenberg N (2014) REGET 18:79–91 (in Portuguese)

  4. Jonidi-Jafari A, Shirzad-Siboni M, Yang JK, Naimi-Joubani M, Farrokhi M (2015) Photocatalytic degradation of diazinon with illuminated ZnO-TiO2 composite. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 50:100–107. doi:10.1016/j.jtice.2014.12.020

  5. Li J, Zhou SL, Hong GB, Chang CT (2013) Hydrothermal preparation of P25–graphene composite with enhanced adsorption and photocatalytic degradation of dyes. Chem Eng J 219:486–491. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2013.01.031

  6. Liu N, Sijak S, Zheng M, Tang L, Xu G, Wu M (2015) Aquatic photolysis of florfenicol and thiamphenicol under direct UV irradiation, UV/H2O2 and UV/Fe(II) processes. Chem Eng J 260:826–834. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2014.09.055

  7. Ma Y, Wang X, Li C (2015) Charge separation promoted by phase junctions in photocatalysts. Chin J Catal 36:1519–1527. doi:10.1016/S1872-2067(15)60874-9

  8. Macedo ERD (2012) Photophysics of Rhodamines B and 6g: photocatalytic processes and Exploded Fluorescence. Dissertation, Federal University of Vale do São Francisco (in Portuguese)

  9. Marmitt S, Pirotta LV, Stülp S (2010) Photolysis and UV/H2O2 treatment of a synthetic effluent containing food dyes. Quim Nov. 33:384–38. doi:10.1590/S0100-40422010000200027 (in Portuguese)

  10. Moreira RDFPM, Martins LM, Silva CED, Moita Neto JM, Lima ÁS (2011) Application of Fenton, photo-Fenton and UV/H2O2 in treating synthetic textile wastewater containing the dye Black Biozol UC. Eng Sanit Ambient 16(3):261–270 (in Portuguese)

  11. Nogueira RFP, Trovó AG, Silva MRAD, Villa RD, Oliveira MCD (2007). Fundaments and environmental applications of fenton and photo-fenton processes. Quím Nov. 400–408 (in Portuguese)

  12. Pereira MC, Oliveira LCA, Murad E (2012) Iron oxide catalysts: fenton and fentonlike reactions—a review. Clay Miner 47:285–302. doi:10.1180/claymin.2012.047.3.01

  13. Queiroz MTA, Fernandes CM, Alvim LB, Costa TC, Amorim CC (2011) Cleaner production: homogeneous Fenton in textile wastewater treatment. VIII SEGeT –Simpósio de Excelência em Gestão e Tecnologia (in Portuguese)

  14. Salgado BCB, Paulino TRS (2013) Study of the influence of hydrogen peroxide in degradation the Rhodamine b via advanced oxidation processes (UV, UV/H2O2, Fe2+/ H2O2 and UV/Fe2+ / H2O2). Conex Technol 7:49–60 (in Portuguese)

  15. Salgado BCB, Nogueira MIC, Rodrigues KA, Sampaio GMMS, Buarque HLB, Araújo RS (2009) Decolorization of synthetic and laundry wastewater containing indigo and azo dyes by the Fenton, photolytic and UV/H2O2 processes. Eng Sanit Ambient 14:1–8. doi:10.1590/S1413-41522009000100001 (in Portuguese)

  16. Silva SWD, Bortolozzi JP, Banús ED, Bernardes AM, Ulla MA (2016) TiO2 thick films supported on stainless steel foams and their photoactivity in the nonylphenol ethoxylate mineralization. Chem Eng J 283:1264–1272. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2015.08.057

  17. Su CC, Asa MP, Ratanatamskul C, Lu MC (2011) Effect of operating parameters on decolorization and COD removal of three reactive dyes by Fenton’s reagent using fluidized-bed reactor. Desalination 278:211–218. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2011.05.022

  18. Tisa F, Raman AAA, Daud WMAW (2014) Applicability of fluidized bed reactor in recalcitrant compound degradation through advanced oxidation processes: a review. J Environ Manage 146:260–275. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.07.032

  19. Verma AK, Dash RR, Bhunia P (2012) A review on chemical coagulation/flocculation technologies for removal of colour from textile wastewaters. J Environ Manage 93:154–168. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.09.012

  20. Wang X, Pan Y, Zhu Z, Wu J (2014) Efficient degradation of rhodamine B using Fe-based metallic glass catalyst by Fenton-like process. Chemosphere 117:638–643. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.09.055

  21. Zanella G, Scharf M, Vieira GA, Zamora PP (2010) Treatment of textile dyeing baths by photo-fenton processes and evaluation of the reuse potentiality. Quim Nov. 33:1039. doi:10.1590/S0100-40422010000500006 (in Portuguese)

  22. Zielinska B, Grzechulska J, Grzmil B, Morawski AM (2001) Photocatalytic degradation of Reactive Black 5 A comparison between TiO2-Tytanpol A11 and TiO2-Degussa P25 photocatalysts. Appl Catal B 35:L1–L7. doi:10.1016/S0926-3373(01)00230-2

Download references


The authors are grateful to CNPq, FAPEMIG, and UFLA for the financial support.

Author information

Correspondence to F. Magalhães.

Additional information

Responsible editor: Suresh Pillai

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

de Lima, L.B., Pereira, L.O., de Moura, S.G. et al. Degradation of organic contaminants in effluents—synthetic and from the textile industry—by Fenton, photocatalysis, and H2O2 photolysis. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24, 6299–6306 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-6973-x

Download citation


  • Fenton
  • Photocatalysis
  • Photolysis
  • Textile efluente
  • Rhodamine B
  • Advanced oxidation processes