Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 24, Issue 10, pp 9079–9088 | Cite as

Monitoring and assessment of heavy metal contamination in a constructed wetland in Shaoguan (Guangdong Province, China): bioaccumulation of Pb, Zn, Cu and Cd in aquatic and terrestrial components

  • H. M. Leung
  • N. S. Duzgoren-Aydin
  • C. K. Au
  • S. Krupanidhi
  • K. Y. Fung
  • K. C. Cheung
  • Y. K. Wong
  • X. L. Peng
  • Z. H. YeEmail author
  • K. K. L. YungEmail author
  • M. T. K. TsuiEmail author
Eco-aquaculture, sustainable development and public health


The objective of this study is to evaluate the current status of heavy metal concentrations in constructed wetland, Shaoguan (Guangdong, China). Sediments, three wetland plants (Typha latifolia, Phragmites australis, and Cyperus malaccensis), and six freshwater fish species [Carassius auratus (Goldfish), Cirrhinus molitorella (Mud carp), Ctenopharyngodon idellus (Grass carp), Cyprinus carpio (Wild common carp), Nicholsicypris normalis (Mandarin fish), Sarcocheilichthys kiangsiensis (Minnows)] in a constructed wetland in Shaoguan were collected and analyzed for their heavy metal compositions. Levels of Pb, Zn, Cu, and Cd in sediments exceeded approximately 532, 285, 11, and 66 times of the Dutch Intervention value. From the current study, the concentrations of Pb and Zn in three plants were generally high, especially in root tissues. For fish, concentrations of all studied metals in whole body of N. mormalis were the highest among all the fishes investigated (Pb 113.4 mg/kg, dw; Zn 183.1 mg/kg, dw; Cu 19.41 mg/kg, dw; 0.846 mg/kg, dw). Heavy metal accumulation in different ecological compartments was analyzed by principle component analysis (PCA), and there is one majority of grouped heavy metals concentration as similar in composition of ecological compartment, with the Cd concentration quite dissimilar. In relation to future prospect, phytoremediation technology for enhanced heavy metal accumulation by constructed wetland is still in early stage and needs more attention in gene manipulation area.


Heavy metals Wetland Typha latifolia Shaoguan Phytofiltration 



Special thanks to Ms. Wendy Wong (HKBU) for field sampling at Shaoguan


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. M. Leung
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • N. S. Duzgoren-Aydin
    • 4
  • C. K. Au
    • 2
  • S. Krupanidhi
    • 5
  • K. Y. Fung
    • 1
  • K. C. Cheung
    • 6
  • Y. K. Wong
    • 7
  • X. L. Peng
    • 8
  • Z. H. Ye
    • 9
    • 10
    Email author
  • K. K. L. Yung
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. T. K. Tsui
    • 11
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BiologyHong Kong Baptist UniversityHong KongChina
  2. 2.Department of HistoryHong Kong Shue Yan UniversityHong KongChina
  3. 3.Upper Iowa UniversityFayetteUSA
  4. 4.Department of Geoscience & GeographyNew Jersey City UniversityJersey CityUSA
  5. 5.Department of BiotechnologyVignan’s University (VFSTRU)VadlamudiIndia
  6. 6.Institute of Vocational Education, Hong Kong Vocational Training CouncilHong KongChina
  7. 7.School of Science and TechnologyThe Open University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  8. 8.Division of Science and TechnologyUnited International College, Beijing Normal University-Hong Kong Baptist UniversityZhuhaiChina
  9. 9.State Key Lab of BiocontrolSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  10. 10.School of Life ScienceSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  11. 11.Department of BiologyUniversity of North CarolinaGreensboroUSA

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