Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 23, Issue 14, pp 13811–13821 | Cite as

Cryptosporidium and cryptosporidiosis: the African perspective

  • Hebatalla M. Aldeyarbi
  • Nadia M. T. Abu El-Ezz
  • Panagiotis Karanis
Review Article

Abstract

The present overview discusses the findings of cryptosporidiosis research conducted in Africa and highlights the currently available information on Cryptosporidium epidemiology, genetic diversity, and distribution on the African continent, particularly among vulnerable populations, including children. It also emphasizes the burden of cryptosporidiosis, which is underestimated due to the presence of many silent asymptomatic carriers.

Cryptosporidiosis is recognized as one of the leading causes of childhood diarrhea in African countries. It has dramatic adverse effects on child growth and development and causes increased mortality on a continent where HIV, poverty, and lack of sanitation and infrastructure increase the risk of cryptosporidial waterborne infection.

Keywords

Cryptosporidiosis Africa Epidemiology 

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Hebatalla M. Aldeyarbi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nadia M. T. Abu El-Ezz
    • 1
    • 3
  • Panagiotis Karanis
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Center for Anatomy, Institute I, University of ColognemCologneGermany
  2. 2.Present address: Department of Parasitology, Faculty of MedicineSuez Canal UniversityIsmailiaEgypt
  3. 3.Present address: Parasitology and Animal Diseases DepartmentNational Research CentreCairoEgypt
  4. 4.Present address: Thousand Talents Plan of the Chinese Government, Center for Biomedicine and Infectious DiseasesQinghai Academy of Animal Science and Veterinary MedicineXiningChina

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