Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 23, Issue 13, pp 13015–13022 | Cite as

Albendazole in environment: faecal concentrations in lambs and impact on lower development stages of helminths and seed germination

  • Lukáš Prchal
  • Radka Podlipná
  • Jiří Lamka
  • Tereza Dědková
  • Lenka Skálová
  • Ivan Vokřál
  • Lenka Lecová
  • Tomáš Vaněk
  • Barbora Szotáková
Research Article


Albendazole (ABZ), widely used benzimidazole anthelmintic, administered to animals enters via excrements into environment and may impact non-target organisms. Moreover, exposure of lower development stages of helminths to anthelmintics may also encourage the development of drug-resistant strains of helminths. In present project, the kinetics of ABZ (10 mg kg−1 p.o.) and its metabolite (ABZ.SO, ABZSO2) elimination in faeces from treated Texel lambs were studied using UHPLC/MS/MS with the aim to find out their concentrations achievable in the environment. Consequently, the effect of these compounds on lower development stages of Barber’s pole worm (Haemonchus contortus) and on germination of white mustard (Sinapis alba) seeds was evaluated. The results showed that ABZ concentrations in faeces excreted in 4–60 h after treatment were above the concentrations lethal for H. contortus eggs. Moreover, pre-incubation with sub-lethal doses of ABZ and ABZ.SO did not increase the resistance of H. contortus eggs and larvae to anthelmintics. On the other hand, concentrations of ABZ and ABZ.SO in faeces are so high that might have negative influence on non-target soil invertebrates. As neither ABZ nor its metabolites affect the germination of mustard seeds, phytoremediation could be considered as potential tool for detoxification of ABZ in the environment.


Anthelmintics Ecotoxicity Sheep Haemonchus contortus Plants Albendazole UHPLC/MS/MS 

Supplementary material

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High-resolution image (TIF 271 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biochemical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec KrálovéCharles UniversityHradec KrálovéCzech Republic
  2. 2.Laboratory of Plant Biotechnologies, Institute of Experimental BotanyCzech Academy of SciencesPraha 6Czech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec KrálovéCharles UniversityHradec KrálovéCzech Republic

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