Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 23, Issue 12, pp 12392–12399

Transport stability of pesticides and PAHs sequestered in polyethylene passive sampling devices

  • Carey E. Donald
  • Marc R. Elie
  • Brian W. Smith
  • Peter D. Hoffman
  • Kim A. Anderson
Research Article


Research using low-density polyethylene (LDPE) passive samplers has steadily increased over the past two decades. However, such research efforts remain hampered because of strict guidelines, requiring that these samplers be quickly transported in airtight metal or glass containers or foil wrapped on ice. We investigate the transport stability of model pesticides and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) with varying physicochemical properties using polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) bags instead. Transport scenarios were simulated with transport times up to 14 days with temperatures ranging between −20 and 35 °C. Our findings show that concentrations of all model compounds examined were stable for all transport conditions tested, with mean recoveries ranging from 88 to 113 %. Furthermore, PTFE bags proved beneficial as reusable, lightweight, low-volume, low-cost alternatives to conventional containers. This documentation of stability will allow for more flexible transportation of LDPE passive samplers in an expanding range of research applications while maintaining experimental rigor.


PAH Pesticide LDPE Passive sampling device Transport stability Storage 

Supplementary material

11356_2016_6453_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (113 kb)
ESM 1(PDF 112 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carey E. Donald
    • 1
  • Marc R. Elie
    • 1
    • 2
  • Brian W. Smith
    • 1
  • Peter D. Hoffman
    • 1
  • Kim A. Anderson
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental and Molecular Toxicology DepartmentOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  2. 2.Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Skaggs School of PharmacyUniversity of Colorado Anschutz Medical CampusDenverUSA

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