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Screening of pollution control and clean-up materials for river chemical spills using the multiple case-based reasoning method with a difference-driven revision strategy

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In-depth filtering of emergency disposal technology (EDT) and materials has been required in the process of environmental pollution emergency disposal. However, an urgent problem that must be solved is how to quickly and accurately select the most appropriate materials for treating a pollution event from the existing spill control and clean-up materials (SCCM). To meet this need, the following objectives were addressed in this study. First, the material base and a case base for environment pollution emergency disposal were established to build a foundation and provide material for SCCM screening. Second, the multiple case-based reasoning model method with a difference-driven revision strategy (DDRS-MCBR) was applied to improve the original dual case-based reasoning model method system, and screening and decision-making was performed for SCCM using this model. Third, an actual environmental pollution accident from 2012 was used as a case study to verify the material base, case base, and screening model. The results demonstrated that the DDRS-MCBR method was fast, efficient, and practical. The DDRS-MCBR method changes the passive situation in which the choice of SCCM screening depends only on the subjective experience of the decision maker and offers a new approach to screening SCCM.

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Spill control and clean-up materials


Multiple case-based reasoning


Difference-driven revision strategy


Wood charcoal


Coal charcoal


Coconut shell charcoal


Nut shell charcoal


Polyaluminum chloride


Polyferric chloride


Polyaluminum sulfate


Polyferric sulfate




Diatomaceous earth


Bone glue


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This work was supported by National Water Pollution Control and Management Technology Major Projects (2012ZX07205-005), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2014 M551249) and the Scientific Research Foundation for Preparatory Lecturers of Harbin Institute of Technology (Grant No. HIT201311).

Author information

Correspondence to Jiping Jiang or Peng Wang.

Additional information


• Proposed a completed solution framework for emergency management;

• Established a DDRS-MCBR method model and screening program for SCCM;

• Established a database and case base of SCCM via laboratory experiments;

• Verified the screening method, material base, and case base through actual cases.

Responsible editor: Kenneth Mei Yee Leung

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Liu, R., Jiang, J., Guo, L. et al. Screening of pollution control and clean-up materials for river chemical spills using the multiple case-based reasoning method with a difference-driven revision strategy. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23, 11247–11256 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-6283-3

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  • Environmental pollution emergency disposal
  • Spill control and clean-up materials
  • Screening
  • Multiple case-based reasoning method
  • Difference-driven revision strategy