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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 23, Issue 9, pp 8192–8199 | Cite as

Hg2+ detection using a disposable and miniaturized screen-printed electrode modified with nanocomposite carbon black and gold nanoparticles

  • Stefano Cinti
  • Francesco Santella
  • Danila Moscone
  • Fabiana Arduini
Environmental issues facing Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear risks

Abstract

A miniaturized screen-printed electrode (SPE) modified with a carbon black-gold nanoparticle (CBNP-AuNP) nanocomposite has been developed as an electrochemical sensor for the detection of inorganic mercury ions (Hg2+). The working electrode surface has been modified with nanocomposite constituted of CBNPs and AuNPs by an easy drop casting procedure that makes this approach extendible to an automatable mass production of modified SPEs. Square wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV) was adopted to perform Hg2+ detection, revealing satisfactory sensitivity and detection limit, equal to 14 μA ppb−1 cm−2 and 3 ppb, respectively. The applicability of the CBNP-AuNP-SPE for the determination of inorganic mercury has been assessed in river water by a simple filtration and acidification of the sample as well as in soil by means of a facile acidic extraction procedure assisted by ultrasound.

Keywords

Mercury detection Anodic stripping voltammetry Screen-printed electrode Carbon black Gold nanoparticles Soil 

Notes

Acknowledgments

F.A. likes to acknowledge the Minister of Defense, Aptamer BW project for financial support. The authors thank Julian Ramirez for revising the English manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefano Cinti
    • 1
  • Francesco Santella
    • 1
  • Danila Moscone
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fabiana Arduini
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie ChimicheUniversità di Roma “Tor Vergata”RomeItaly
  2. 2.Consorzio Interuniversitario Biostrutture e Biosistemi “INBB”RomeItaly

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