Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Impact of fresh tailing deposition on the evolution of groundwater hydrogeochemistry at the abandoned Manitou mine site, Quebec, Canada

  • 352 Accesses

  • 8 Citations

Abstract

The abandoned Manitou mine site has produced acid mine drainage (AMD) for several decades. In order to limit the detrimental environmental impacts of AMD, different rehabilitation scenarios were proposed and analyzed. The selected rehabilitation scenario was to use fresh tailings from the neighboring Goldex gold mine as monolayer cover and to maintain an elevated water table. In order to assess the impact of the Goldex tailing deposition on the hydrogeochemistry of the Manitou mine site, a network of 30 piezometers was installed. These piezometers were used for continuous measurement of the groundwater level, as well as for water sampling campaigns for chemical quality monitoring, over a 3-year period. Hydrochemical data were analyzed using principal component analysis. Results clearly showed the benefic impact of fresh tailing deposition on the groundwater quality around the contaminated area. These findings were also confirmed by the evolution of electrical conductivity. In addition to the improvement of the physicochemical quality of water on the Manitou mine site, new tailing deposition induced an increase of water table level. However, at this time, the Manitou reactive tailings are not completely submerged and possible oxidation might still occur, especially after ceasing of the fresh tailing deposition. Therefore, complementary rehabilitation scenarios should still be considered.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14
Fig. 15
Fig. 16

References

  1. Aachib M, Mbonimpa M, Aubertin M (2004) Measurement and prediction of the oxygen diffusion coefficient in partly saturated media, with applications to soil covers. Water Air Soil Pollut 156:163–193

  2. Amyot D, Vézina S (1997) Flooding as a reclamation solution to an acidic tailings pond—the Solbec case. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage. Vancouver 2: 451–46

  3. APHA (American Public Health Association) (2005) Standard methods for examination of water and wastewater (21st edition). Clesceri, L.S., Greenberg, A.E., & Eaton A.D. (Eds.). American Public Health Association, Washington DC

  4. Atkins RJ, Hay D, Robertson J (1997) Shallow water cover design methodology and Field verification. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD). 1:211–228

  5. Aubertin M, Bussière B, Bernier L (2002) Environnement et gestion des résidus miniers. Manual on CD-ROM, Les Presses Internationals, Polytechnique Montréal, QC Canada

  6. Bakalowicz M (1994) Water geochemistry: water quality and dynamics. Groundwater Ecology. Chap. 4, Academic Press. 97–127

  7. Benzaazoua M, Bussière B, Dagenais AM, Archambault M (2004) Kinetic tests comparison and interpretation for prediction of the joutel tailings acid generation potential. Environ Geol 46:1086–1101

  8. Berryman D, Jalbert L (2004) La Rivière Bourlamaque : mortalité de poissons du 8 août 2003 et qualité de l’eau, Québec, Ministère de l’Environnement, Direction du suivi de l’état de l’environnement et Direction régionale de l’Abitibi-Témiscamingue, envirodoq no ENV/2004/0109, collection no QE/140, pp. 37

  9. Blavoux B, Mudry J (1985) Utilisation De L’analyse En Composantes Principales Pour L’étude Du Fonctionnement Hydrocinématique De Trois Aquifères Karstiques De La France. Hydrogéologie 1:53–59

  10. Broda S, Aubertin M, Blessent D, Maqsoud A, Bussière B (2014) Evaluating the phreatic surface level to apply the elevated water table reclamation technique for tailings reclamation—a field-scale case study. Proceeding of the GeoRegina, Regina, SK, Canada

  11. Bussière B (2009) Acid mine drainage from abandoned mine sites: problematic and reclamation approaches. Proceeding of the International Symposium on Geoenvironmental Engineering ISGE 2009, Hangzhou, China

  12. Bussière B, Maqsoud A, Aubertin M, Martschuk J, McMullen J, Julien M (2003) Results from the monitoring program at the LTA site: hydraulic behaviour of the cover. Proceeding of Mining Industry Conference, Montréal, QC, Canada

  13. Bussière B, Maqsoud A, Aubertin M, Martschuk J, McMullen J, Julien M (2006) Performance of the oxygen limiting cover at the LTA site, Malartic, Québec. Environmental Society of CIM, Vol. 99, N° 1096, Paper 20, 1–11

  14. Bussière B, Maqsoud A, Demers I, Doumbouya I (2009) Modélisation physique de divers scénarios de recouvrement et étude du comportement hydrogéologique: site Manitou; Report PU-2008-03-371 for MERN (Quebec’s Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources), 46 p

  15. Cabral A, Racine I, Burnotte F, Lefebvre G (2000) Diffusion of oxygen through a pulp and paper residue barrier. Can Geotech J 37:201–217

  16. Calliez F, Pages JP (1976) Introduction À L’analyse Des Données. SMASH, Paris, 616 P

  17. Catalan LJJ (2000) Flooding of pre-oxidized mine tailings. Mattabi case study. MEND 2000 report, 2.15.1a, 215p

  18. Collin M, Rasmuson, A (1990) Mathematical modelling of water and oxygen transport in layered soil covers for deposits of pyritic mine tailings, Acid Mine Drainage: Designing for Closure. GAC-MAC Annual Meeting pp 311–333

  19. Curran CA, Eng K, Konrad CP (2012) Commission analysis of low flows and selected methods for estimating low-flow characteristics at partial-record and ungagged stream sites in Western Washington. Survey Scientific Investigations, Report 2012–5078. http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2012/5078/pdf/sir20125078.pdf

  20. Cyr J (2005) Les sites miniers abandonnés au Québec. http://www.creat08.ca/pdf/even_coll/mines/cyr_j.pdf

  21. Dagenais AM (2005) Techniques de contrôle du drainage minier acide basées sur les effets capillaires. PhD Dissertation, Departement of Civil, Geological and Mineral Engineering, Polytechnique Montreal, QC, Canada. 444 p

  22. Elberling B, Nicholson RV (1996) Field determination of sulphide oxidation rate in mine tailings. Water Resour Res 32:1773–1784

  23. Eriksson N, Lindvall M, Sandberg M (2001) A quantitative evaluation of the effectiveness of the water cover at the Stekenjokk tailings pond in Northern Sweden: eight years of follow-up. International Conference on Mining and the Environment, Skellfted. p. 216-227

  24. Esty WW, Banfield JD (2003) The box-percentile pot. J Stat Softw 8:17

  25. Ethier MP, Bussière B, Aubertin M, Maqsoud A, Lacroix R (2013) In situ evaluation of the elevated water table technique combined with a monolayer cover made with low sulphide tailings: monitoring strategy and preliminary results. The 66th Canadian Geotechnical Conference and the 11th Joint CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference, Montréal, QC, Canada

  26. Ethier MP, Bussière B, Aubertin M, Maqsoud A, Demers I, Dionne J (2014) Field investigation results of the elevated water table technique combined with a monolayer cover on reactive tailings, Proceeding of the GeoRegina, Regina, SK, Canada

  27. Farnham IM, Johannesson KH, Singh AK, Hodge VF, Stetzenbach KJ (2003) Factor analytical approaches for evaluating groundwater trace element chemistry data. Anal Chim Acta 490(1–2):123–138

  28. Fraser WW, Robertson JD (1994) Subaqueous disposal of reactive mine waste: an overview and update of case studies - MEND/Canada. Proceedings of the International Land Reclamation and Mine Drainage Conference and 3rd International Conference on the Abatement of Acidic Drainage, Pittsburgh. 1: 250–259

  29. GARD (2015) Global Acid Rock Drainage (GARD). The International Network for Acid Prevention. www.asmr.us/Publications/…/0317-Kleinmann-PA.pd

  30. Güler C, Thyne GD, McCray JE, Turner AK (2002) Evaluation of graphical and multivariante statistical methods for classification of water chemistry data. Hydrogeol J 10:455–474

  31. Hakkou R, Benzaazoua M, Bussière B (2008) Acid mine drainage at the abandoned Kettara Mine (Morocco): environmental characterization. Mine Water Environ 27(3):145–159

  32. Helena B, Pardo R, Vega M, Barrado E, Fernandez JM, Fernandez L (2000) Temporal evolution of groundwater composition in an alluvial aquifer (Pisuerga River, Spain) by principal component analysis. Water Res 34:807–816

  33. Hotelling H (1933) Analysis of a complex of statistical variables into principal components. J Educ Psychol 24(6 & 7):417-441–498–520

  34. Joliffe I (2005) Principal component analysis, Encyclopedia of statistics in behavioral science. Available online. DOI: 10.1002/0470013192.bsa501

  35. Journeaux, Bédard et Assoc. Inc. (2004). Rapport S-04-1518 – Étude de préfaisabilité, plan de remplissage du site Norebec-Manitou – Projet Goldex

  36. Khire MV, Benson CH, Bosscher PJ (1999) Field data from capillary barrier and model predictions with UNSAT-H. J Geotech Geoenviron 125:518–527

  37. Lghoul M, Maqsoud A, Hakkou R, Kchikach A (2014) Hydrochemical study on the contamination of groundwater in an abandoned mine area, Kettra (Morocco). J Geochem Explor 144:456–467

  38. Li M, Aubé B, St-Arnaud L (1997) Consideration in the use of shallow water covers for decommissioning reactive tailings. Proceedings of the 4th ICARD. 1:171-130

  39. Li M, Catalan LJJ, St-Germain P (2000) Rates of oxygen consumption by sulphidic tailings under shallow water covers: field measurements and modelling. Proceeding of 5th ICARD, The Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc., Denver, Colorado. 2:913–920

  40. Maqsoud A (1996) Approche hydrologique et hydrochimique du caractère karstique éventuel d’hydrosystème souterrains de la craie du Bassin de Paris. PhD Dissertation, Université Lille I, France, pp 324

  41. Maqsoud A (2007) Hydrological and hydrochemical functioning of the Rançon springs (France). Proceeding of the XXXV AIH Congres, Lisbonne, Portugal

  42. Maqsoud A, Veillette J, Bakalowicz M (2004) Hydrochimie de l’esker Saint Mathieu - Lac Berry. CD-Rom Proceeding of the 57th Canadian Geotechnical Conference, Québec, QC, Canada, Session 4A: 28–35

  43. Maqsoud A, Bussière B, Mbonimpa M, Aubertin M Zhan J (2009) Transient hydrogeological behaviour of a cover with capillary barrier effects. Geotechnical Conference & 10th joint CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference, GeoHalifax 2009, Nova Scotia, 851–858

  44. Maqsoud A, Bussière B, Mbonimpa M, Aubertin M, Chouteau M (2011) Suction break to control slope-induced effects in covers used as gas barrier. Can Geotech J 48:53–71

  45. Maqsoud A, Bussière B, Aubertin M, Cyr J (2012a) Transient Hydrogeological Behaviour of the Lorraine CCBE (Québec, Canada). Proc. Congrès International sur la gestion des rejets miniers et l’après mine, Marrakech, Morocco

  46. Maqsoud A, Bussière B, Aubertin M, Plante B, Cyr J (2012 b). Tracer test to evaluate hydraulic residence time in limestone drains: case study of the Lorraine site, Latulipe, Québec, Canada. Int J Min Reclam and Env 29: 275-291 Maqsoud A, Mbonimpa M, Bussière B, Cyr J (2013) Réhabilitation du site minier abandonné Aldermac, résultats préliminaires du suivi de la nappe surélevée, CD-Rom, The 66th Canadian Geotechnical Conference and the 11th Joint CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference, Montréal, QC, Canada

  47. Maqsoud A, Mbonimpa M, Bussière B, Benzaazoua M (2015) The hydrochemical behaviour of the aldermac abandoned mine site after its rehabilitation. Proceeding of the Canadian Geotechnical Conference, GeoQuébec, QC, Canada

  48. Mbonimpa M, Aubertin M, Aachib M, Bussière B (2003) Diffusion and consumption of oxygen in unsaturated cover materials. Can Geotech J 40:916–932

  49. MEND (Mine Environment Neutral Drainage) (2001) MEND Manual, Report 5.4.2, Volume 4 – Prevention and Control, Secretariat CANMET

  50. Morin KA, Hutt NM (1997) A comparison AMD predictions with historical records. IN: R.W. McLean and L.C. Bell., eds., Proceedings of the Workshop on Acid Mine Drainage, 15–18 July, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, Australian Centre for Minesite Rehabilitation Research, p. 33–44

  51. Nicholson RV, Gillham RW, Cherry JA, Reardon EJ (1989) Reduction of acid generation in mine tailings through the use of moisture-retaining cover layers as oxygen barriers. Can Geotech J 26:1–8

  52. Nordstrom DK, Alpers CN, 1999 (1999) Geochemistry of acid mine waters. In: Plumlee GS, Logsdon MJ (eds) Reviews in Economic Geology, vol. 6A, The Environmental Geochemistry of Mineral Deposits. Part A. Processes, Methods and Health Issues. Society of Econnomic Geologist, Littleton, pp 133–160

  53. Ouangrawa M, Molson J, Aubertin M, Zagury G, Bussière B (2006) The effect of water table elevation on acid mine drainage from reactive tailings: a laboratory and numerical modeling study. Proceedings of the 7th ICARD, 26–30 March 2006, St. Louis, Missouri, R.I. Barnhisel (ed.), The American Society of Mining and Reclamation. 1473–1482

  54. Ouangrawa M, Aubertin M, Molson JW, Bussière B, Zagury G (2010) Preventing acid mine drainage with an elevated water table: long-term column experiments and parameter analysis. Water Air Soil Pollut 213(1–4):437–458

  55. Ovara AD, Tremblay GA, Tibble A, Nicholson R (1997) Prevention of acid rock drainage through the application of in-pit disposal and elevated water table concepts. Proceedings of the 4th ICARD, Vol.3, Vancouver, BC, Canada, pp. 973–983

  56. Pearson K (1901) On lines and planes of closest fit to systems of points in space. Philos Mag Ser 6 2(11):559–572

  57. Perkins EH, Nesbitt HW, Gunter WD, St-Arnaud LC, Mycroft JR (1995) Critical review of geochemical processes and geochemical models adaptable for prediction of acidic drainage from waste rock. Report 1.42.1, MEND

  58. Pierce WG, Belzile N, Wiseman ME, Winterhalder K (1994) Composted organic wastes as anaerobic reducing covers for long term abandonment of acid-generating tailings. Proceedings of the International Land Reclamation and Mine Drainage Conference and Third International Conference on the Abatement of Acidic Drainage, US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Special Publication SP 06B-94. Volume 2 of 4: Mine Drainage, pp. 148–157. 209

  59. Plumlee GS, Smith KS, Montour MR, Ficklin WH, Mosier EL (1999) Geologic controls on the composition of natural waters and mine waters draining diverse mineral-deposit types. In: Filipek, L.H., and Plumlee, G.S. (eds.), The Environmental Geochemistry of Mineral Deposits, Part B. Case Studies and Research Topics: Society of Economic Geologists. Reviews in Economic Geology, 6B, 373–432

  60. Puls RW, Barcelona MJ (1996) Low-flow (minimal drawdown) groundwater sampling procedures in ground water issues. USEPA, EPA/540/540/S-95/504. Ada, Oklahoma Research Center

  61. Puls RW, Cynthia JP (1995) Low-flow purging and sampling of ground water monitoring wells with dedicated systems. Ground Water Monit Rem 15:116–123

  62. Ritcey GM (1989) In: Tailings Management, Problems and Solutions in the Mining Industry, Amsterdam: Elsevier

  63. Santolaria Z, Urieta JS, Lanaja FJ, Pardo A, Rodriguez-Casals C (2015) Hydrochemistry dynamics in remote mountain lakes and its relation to catchment and atmospheric features: the case study of Sabocos Tarn, Pyrenees. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22:231–247

  64. Senes Consultant Ltd. (1995) A review of AMD strategies for Les Terrains Aurifères Site, Malartic, Québec, Report # 31638

  65. Sewel M (2008) Principal component analysis. University College London. www.stats.org.uk/pca/pca/.pdf

  66. Simms PH, Yanful EK, St-Arnaud L, Aubé B (2001) A laboratory evaluation of metal release and transport in flooded preoxidized mine tailings. Appl Geochem 15:1245–1263

  67. Singh EJK, Gupta A, Singh NR (2013) Groundwater quality in Imphal West District, Manipur, India, with multivariate statistical analysis of data. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:2421–2434

  68. SRK (Steffen Robertson and Kirsten (B.C.) Inc.) (1989) Draft acid rock drainage technical guide. Volume I. Report prepared for British Columbia Acid Mine Drainage Task Force. Bi-Tech Publishers Ltd, Vancouver

  69. Stumm W, Morgan JJ (1996) Aquatic chemistry, chemical equilibria and rates in natural waters, 3rd edn. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, p 1022

  70. Tassé N, Germain D (2003) Site Manitou caractérisation du milieu et des processus en vue d’une restauration, INRS-Eau, Terre et Environnement, Rapport, St-Foy, Québec, déc. 2003, 129 pp

  71. Tassé N, Germain D (2004) The East-Sullivan mine site: from abandonment to restoration. CD-Rom Proceeding of the 57th Canadian Geotechnical Conference and 5th joint CGS/IAH-CNC Conference, Québec, QC, Canada, Session 8D

  72. Wold S, Esbensen K, Geladi P (1987) Chemometric and intelligent. Lab Syst 2:27–52

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the Quebec’s Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources and the industrial partners of the Research Institute on Mines and Environment (RIME)—University of Quebec in Abitibi-Temiscamingue (UQAT)—Polytechnique (Polytechnique Montreal), including Agnico Eagle Limited, Canadian Malartic Mine, Iamgold Corporation, Raglan Mine-Glencore, and Rio Tinto Fer and Titane Inc., for funding this study.

Author information

Correspondence to Abdelkabir Maqsoud.

Additional information

Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Maqsoud, A., Neculita, C.M., Bussière, B. et al. Impact of fresh tailing deposition on the evolution of groundwater hydrogeochemistry at the abandoned Manitou mine site, Quebec, Canada. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23, 9054–9072 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-6111-9

Download citation

Keywords

  • Abandoned mine site
  • Acid mine drainage
  • Monolayer cover
  • Hydrochemical data
  • Principal component analysis