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Synthesis of Fe-doped Bi2O3 nanocatalyst and its sonophotocatalytic activity on synthetic dye and real textile wastewater

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Abstract

The catalysts such as Fe, Bi2O3, and Fe-doped Bi2O3 were synthesized for the sonophotocatalytic treatment of synthetic dye and real textile wastewater. The resultant catalysts were characterized for its size and uniform shape using x-ray diffractogram (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) which signified the nanorod shape formed Bi2O3. The higher ultraviolet light absorbance capacity of the catalysts was also evident using diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). Initially, the effect of conventional parameters such as initial pH, gas bubbling (argon, oxygen, air and nitrogen) and oxidant addition (H2O2 and peroxymonosulfate) in the presence of sonolysis (22 and 37 kHz frequency) and photolysis (UV-C light) on 10 ppm Basic Brown 1 dye was studied. The results showed that highest decolorization of 62 % was attained for 3 g/L peroxymonosulfate under 37 kHz frequency sonolysis treatment. Secondly, with the catalyst study, highest of 46 % dye color removal was obtained with 4 g/L Fe under 37 kHz frequency sonolysis treatment. The sonophotocatalytic treatment of dye with Fe-doped Bi2O3 catalyst in combination with peroxymonosulfate showed highest color removal of 99 %. Finally, the sonophotocatalytic treatment of real textile wastewater in the presence of 3 g/L Fe-doped Bi2O3 and 6 g/L peroxymonosulfate reduced the total organic carbon (TOC) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) level to 77 and 91 %, respectively, in 180 min. The reported treatment process was found to treat the synthetic dye and real textile wastewater effectively.

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Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF), Government of India for the financial funding of the project. The authors also wish to thank the Environmental Engineering Laboratory, Department of Civil Engineering, NIT Tiruchirappalli for assisting in analyzing real textile wastewater characterization. The comments and the valuable suggestions provided by the unanimous reviewers were greatly acknowledged.

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Correspondence to Thirugnanasambandam Sivasankar.

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Responsible editor: Santiago V. Luis

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Dinesh, G.K., Anandan, S. & Sivasankar, T. Synthesis of Fe-doped Bi2O3 nanocatalyst and its sonophotocatalytic activity on synthetic dye and real textile wastewater. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23, 20100–20110 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-5951-z

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Keywords

  • Fe-doped Bi2O3
  • Basic brown 1 dye
  • Sonophotocatalysis
  • Real textile wastewater