Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 408–417 | Cite as

Removal efficiency of particulate matters at different underlying surfaces in Beijing

  • Jiakai Liu
  • Lichun Mo
  • Lijuan Zhu
  • Yilian Yang
  • Jiatong Liu
  • Dongdong Qiu
  • Zhenming Zhang
  • Jinglan Liu
Research Article


Particulate matter (PM) pollution has been increasingly becoming serious in Beijing and has drawn the attention of the local government and general public. This study was conducted during early spring of 2013 and 2014 to monitor the concentration of PM at three different land surfaces (bare land, urban forest, and lake) in the Olympic Park in Beijing and to analyze its effect on the concentration of meteorological factors and the dry deposition onto different land cover types. The results showed that diurnal variation of PM concentrations at the three different land surfaces had no significant regulations, and sharp short-term increases in PM10 (particulate matter having an aerodynamic diameter <10 μm) occurred occasionally. The concentrations also differed from one land cover type to another at the same time, but the regulation was insignificant. The most important meteorological factor influencing the PM concentration is relative humidity; it is positively correlated with the PM concentration. While in the forests, the wind speed and irradiance also influenced the PM concentration by affecting the capture capacity of trees and dry deposition velocity. Other factors were not correlated with or influenced by the PM concentration. In addition, the hourly dry deposition in unit area (μg/m2) onto the three types of land surfaces and the removal efficiency based on the ratio of dry deposition and PM concentration were calculated. The results showed that the forest has the best removal capacity for both PM2.5 (particulate matter having an aerodynamic diameter <2.5 μm) and PM10 because of the faster deposition velocity and relatively low resuspension rate. The lake’s PM10 removal efficiency is higher than that of the bare land because of the relatively higher PM resuspension rates on the bare land. However, the PM2.5 removal efficiency is lower than that of the bare land because of the significantly lower dry deposition velocity.


Particulate matter Meteorological factors Underlying surfaces Dry deposition Removal efficiency 



This research was supported by The Forestry Public Welfare Project of China (201304301), Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Project (Z141100006014031) and Youth Foundation of Beijing Municipal Bureau of Landscape and Forestry (20100014120011). Thanks to two anonymous reviewers and editor for their help in improving a previous version of this manuscript. Jiakai Liu and Lichun Mo contributed equally to this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiakai Liu
    • 1
  • Lichun Mo
    • 1
  • Lijuan Zhu
    • 1
  • Yilian Yang
    • 1
  • Jiatong Liu
    • 1
  • Dongdong Qiu
    • 1
  • Zhenming Zhang
    • 1
  • Jinglan Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Nature ConservationBeijing Forestry UniversityBeijingChina

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