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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 22, Issue 23, pp 19157–19169 | Cite as

Metal bioaccumulation pattern by Cotylorhiza tuberculata (Cnidaria, Scyphozoa) in the Mar Menor coastal lagoon (SE Spain)

  • Ana Muñoz-Vera
  • Gregorio García
  • Antonio García-Sánchez
Research Article

Abstract

Coastal lagoons are ecosystems highly vulnerable to human impacts because of their situation between terrestrial and marine environment. Mar Menor coastal lagoon is one of the largest lagoons of the Mediterranean Sea, placed in SE Spain and subjected to major human impacts, in particular the mining of metal sulphides. As a consequence, metal concentration in water column and sediments of this ecosystem is usually higher than in other areas. For monitoring ecosystem health, the present study has assessed the ability of Cotylorhiza tuberculata for bioaccumulating metals from sea water. Up to 65 individuals were sampled at 8 different sampling stations during the summer of 2012. Although the concentration values for different elements considered were moderate (Pb: 0.04-29.50 ppm, Zn: 2.27-93.44 ppm, Cd: 0-0.67 ppm, As: 0.56-130.31 ppm) by dry weight of the jellyfish tissues (bell and oral arms combined), bioconcentration levels in relation to seawater metal concentration were extremely high. In any case, the use or disposal of these organisms should consider their metal content because of their potential environmental and health implications.

Keywords

Jellyfish Coastal lagoon Heavy metals Pollution Bioindicator Polimetallic mining areas 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors thank to Fundación Séneca for funding project 12038/PI/09. We thank the collaboration of J.M. Peñas, J.J. Saura, R. Baños, M. Saura and B. Villaescusa who helped us to improve this research and to Mr. and Mrs. Purves for their English grammar supervision.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Muñoz-Vera
    • 1
  • Gregorio García
    • 1
  • Antonio García-Sánchez
    • 2
  1. 1.Área de Edafología y Química Agrícola, Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnología AgrariaTechnical University of Cartagena (UPCT)CartagenaSpain
  2. 2.Área de Tecnología del Medio Ambiente, Departamento de Ingeniería Química y AmbientalTechnical University of Cartagena (UPCT)CartagenaSpain

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