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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 22, Issue 9, pp 7183–7186 | Cite as

COST Action ES1403: New and Emerging challenges and opportunities in wastewater REUSe (NEREUS)

  • Despo Fatta-KassinosEmail author
  • C. Manaia
  • T. U. Berendonk
  • E. Cytryn
  • J. Bayona
  • B. Chefetz
  • J. Slobodnik
  • N. Kreuzinger
  • L. Rizzo
  • S. Malato
  • L. Lundy
  • A. Ledin
Research and Education Highlights

Background

Treated urban wastewater is currently widely reused to compensate for dwindling water supplies, as it is considered to be a reliable alternative water source. In addition, the increasing demand for food due to the expanding world population, both in respect to food security and food safety, and therefore for irrigation water, renders wastewater reuse a practice of utmost importance. As a consequence, sustainable and safe urban water cycles are presently of high priority on the policy agendas of many countries around the world.

Although reuse has a number of benefits and major advances have been made with respect to producing treated effluents for reuse (e.g., successful removal of metals, reduction of chemical oxygen demand and of other pollution parameters), several important questions are still unanswered and barriers exist regarding the safety/sustainability of reuse practice.

Knowledge gaps associated with wastewater reuse include the following: (a) possible elemental...

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support provided by COST-European Cooperation in Science and Technology, to the COST Action ES1403: New and emerging challenges and opportunities in wastewater reuse (NEREUS).

Disclaimer

The content of this article is the authors’ responsibility and neither COST nor any person acting on its behalf is responsible for the use, which might be made of the information contained in it.

References

  1. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (2013) Antimicrobial resistance surveillance in Europe. http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications/Publications/antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-europe-2013.pdf. Accessed 20 December 2014.
  2. Rizzo L, Manaia CM, Merlin C, Schwartz T, Dagot C, Ploy MC, Michael I, Fatta-Kassinos D (2013) Urban wastewater treatment plants as hotspots for antibiotic resistance spreading into the environment. Sci Total Environ 447:345–360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. The White House (2014) National Strategy for combating antibiotic-resistant bacteria. http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/carb_national_strategy.pdf. Accessed 10 January 2015.
  4. WHO (2013) Antibiotic resistance-a threat to global health security. http://www.who.int/drugresistance/activities/wha66_side_event/en/.,2013. Accessed 16 February 2015.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Despo Fatta-Kassinos
    • 1
    Email author
  • C. Manaia
    • 2
  • T. U. Berendonk
    • 3
  • E. Cytryn
    • 4
  • J. Bayona
    • 5
  • B. Chefetz
    • 6
  • J. Slobodnik
    • 7
  • N. Kreuzinger
    • 8
  • L. Rizzo
    • 9
  • S. Malato
    • 10
  • L. Lundy
    • 11
  • A. Ledin
    • 12
  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering and Environmental Engineering, Nireas-International Water Research Centre, School of EngineeringUniversity of CyprusNicosiaCyprus
  2. 2.CBQF - Centro de Biotecnologia e Química Fina, Laboratório Associado, Escola Superior de BiotecnologiaUniversidade Católica PortuguesaPortoPortugal
  3. 3.Institute of HydrobiologyTechnical University DresdenDresdenGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani CenterAgricultural Research OrganizationBet DaganIsrael
  5. 5.Department of Environmental ChemistryIDAEA-CSICBarcelonaSpain
  6. 6.Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and EnvironmentThe Hebrew University of JerusalemRehovotIsrael
  7. 7.Environmental InstituteKosSlovak Republic
  8. 8.Institute for Water Quality, Resources and Waste ManagementVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria
  9. 9.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of SalernoFisciano (SA)Italy
  10. 10.Plataforma Solar de Almería (CIEMAT)TabernasSpain
  11. 11.Urban Pollution Research Centre, School of Science and TechnologyMiddlesex UniversityLondonUK
  12. 12.Environmental AdministrationCity of GothenburgSweden

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