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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 22, Issue 13, pp 9759–9765 | Cite as

Biosynthesized silver nanoparticles using floral extract of Chrysanthemum indicum L.—potential for malaria vector control

  • Selvaraj Arokiyaraj
  • Vannam Dinesh Kumar
  • Vijay Elakya
  • Tamilselvan Kamala
  • Sung Kwon Park
  • Muthiah Ragam
  • Muthupandian Saravanan
  • Mohomad Bououdina
  • Mariadhas Valan Arasu
  • Kalimuthu Kovendan
  • Savariar Vincent
Research Article

Abstract

Mosquitoes transmit serious human diseases, causing millions of deaths every year. The use of synthetic insecticides to control vector mosquitoes has caused physiological resistance and adverse environmental effects in addition to high operational cost. Insecticides synthesized of natural products for vector control have been a priority in this area. In the present study, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were green-synthesized using a floral extract of Chrysanthemum indicum screened for larvicidal and pupicidal activity against the first to fourth instar larvae and pupae of the malaria vector Anopheles stephensi mosquitoes. The synthesized Ag NPs were characterized by using UV–vis absorption, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy techniques. The textures of the yielded Ag NPs were found to be spherical and polydispersed with a mean size in the range of 25–59 nm. Larvae and pupae were exposed to various concentrations of aqueous extract of C. indicum and synthesized Ag NPs for 24 h, and the maximum mortality was observed from the synthesized Ag NPs against the vector A. stephensi (LC50 = 5.07, 10.35, 14.19, 22.81, and 35.05 ppm; LC90 = 29.18, 47.15, 65.53, 87.96, and 115.05 ppm). These results suggest that the synthesized Ag NPs have the potential to be used as an ideal eco-friendly approach for the control of A. stephensi. Additionally, this study provides the larvicidal and pupicidal properties of green-synthesized Ag NPs with the floral extract of C. indicum against vector mosquito species from the geographical location of India.

Keywords

Anopheles stephensi Chrysanthemum indicum Biosynthesis AgNPs TEM XRD 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to extend their sincere appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University for its funding of this research through the Research Group project NO (RG-1435-071).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Selvaraj Arokiyaraj
    • 1
    • 3
  • Vannam Dinesh Kumar
    • 2
  • Vijay Elakya
    • 3
  • Tamilselvan Kamala
    • 4
  • Sung Kwon Park
    • 5
  • Muthiah Ragam
    • 6
  • Muthupandian Saravanan
    • 7
  • Mohomad Bououdina
    • 8
  • Mariadhas Valan Arasu
    • 9
  • Kalimuthu Kovendan
    • 10
  • Savariar Vincent
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Green Bio Science and TechnologySeoul National UniversityPyeongchangRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.P.G. Research and Department of Advanced Zoology and Biotechnology, Centre for Environmental Research and DevelopmentLoyola CollegeNungambakkamTamil Nadu, India
  3. 3.Department of BiotechnologyVel Tech High Tech Dr. RR Dr. SR Engineering CollegeAvadiTamil Nadu, India
  4. 4.Deparment of BiotechnologyRajalakshmi Engineering CollegeChennaiTamil Nadu, India
  5. 5.Department of Animal Nutrition and PhysiologyNational Institute of Animal ScienceSuwonRepublic of Korea
  6. 6.Department of PhysicsFatima CollegeMaduraiIndia
  7. 7.Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, College of Health ScienceMekelle UniversityMekelleEthiopia
  8. 8.Nanotechnology CentreUniversity of BahrainSakhirKingdom of Bahrain
  9. 9.Department of Botany and Microbiology, Addiriyah Chair for Environmental Studies, College of ScienceKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  10. 10.Division of Entomology, Department of Zoology, School of Life SciencesBharathiar UniversityCoimbatoreIndia

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