Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 22, Issue 7, pp 4893–4906 | Cite as

A survey of smart water quality monitoring system

  • Jianhua Dong
  • Guoyin Wang
  • Huyong Yan
  • Ji Xu
  • Xuerui ZhangEmail author
Review Article


The smart water quality monitoring, regarded as the future water quality monitoring technology, catalyzes progress in the capabilities of data collection, communication, data analysis, and early warning. In this article, we survey the literature till 2014 on the enabling technologies for the Smart Water Quality Monitoring System. We explore three major subsystems, namely the data collection subsystem, the data transmission subsystem, and the data management subsystem from the view of data acquiring, data transmission, and data analysis. Specifically, for the data collection subsystem, we explore selection of water quality parameters, existing technology of online water quality monitoring, identification of the locations of sampling stations, and determination of the sampling frequencies. For the data transmission system, we explore data transmission network architecture and data communication management. For the data management subsystem, we explore water quality analysis and prediction, water quality evaluation, and water quality data storage. We also propose possible challenges and future directions for each subsystem.


Smart water quality monitoring system Data collection Data transmission Data management Early warning 



This work has been supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant (No. 61272060), National Science and Technology Major Project (No. 2014ZX07104-006), the Hundred Talents Program of CAS (No. Y21Z110A10).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianhua Dong
    • 1
  • Guoyin Wang
    • 1
  • Huyong Yan
    • 1
  • Ji Xu
    • 2
  • Xuerui Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Electronic Information & Technology, Chongqing Institutes of Green and Intelligent TechnologyChinese Academy of SciencesChongqingChina
  2. 2.School of Information Science and TechnologySouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina

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