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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 22, Issue 9, pp 7155–7175 | Cite as

Assessment of the quality of polluted areas based on the content of heavy metals in different organs of the grapevine (Vitis vinifera) cv Tamjanika

  • Slađana Č. AlagićEmail author
  • Snežana B. Tošić
  • Mile D. Dimitrijević
  • Milan M. Antonijević
  • Maja M. Nujkić
Research Article

Abstract

In this study, the samples of the spatial soil and organs of the grapevine (Vitis vinifera) cultivar Tamjanika were collected from the selected zones near the Mining and Smelting Complex Bor (East Serbia). They were analyzed by ICP-OES to determine the content of Cu, Zn, Pb, As, Cd, and Ni with the aim of ascertaining if these data may help in the assessment and improvement of the quality of environment in polluted areas such as Bor and its surrounding area. The results obtained from the calculated biological and enrichment factors, as well as from the Pearson correlation study and hierarchical cluster analysis confirmed that very useful information is recorded in plant organs: root, stem, leaves, and fruit. Yet, when the atmospheric pollution is the sphere of interest, the most informative data are found in unwashed leaves. The results of this study indicated also that the investigated plant species has some highly effective strategies involved in tolerance to the stress induced by heavy metals, which makes it an excellent candidate for phytostabilization purposes. Planting of this grapevine cultivar can be recommended in all areas that are severely polluted with heavy metals.

Keywords

Heavy metals Grapevine Deposition Bioaccumulation Biomonitoring Phytostabilization 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors are grateful to the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of Serbia for the financial support (Project No. 46010).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Slađana Č. Alagić
    • 1
    Email author
  • Snežana B. Tošić
    • 2
  • Mile D. Dimitrijević
    • 1
  • Milan M. Antonijević
    • 1
  • Maja M. Nujkić
    • 1
  1. 1.Technical faculty BorUniversity of BelgradeBorSerbia
  2. 2.Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Department of ChemistryUniversity of NisNišSerbia

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