Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 22, Issue 9, pp 6670–6678 | Cite as

Comparative investigation of heavy metal, trace, and macro element contents in commercially valuable fish species harvested off from the Persian Gulf

  • Dariush Ranjbar Vakil Abadi
  • Sina Dobaradaran
  • Iraj Nabipour
  • Xolelwa Lamani
  • Masoumeh Ravanipour
  • Rahim Tahmasebi
  • Shahrokh Nazmara
Research Article

Abstract

This study was performed to determine the differences between two commercial species of fish harvested off near the Kharg Island (one of the largest oil terminals in the world) in the Persian Gulf in terms of toxic metals, macro, and trace elements. Samples were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The results showed that Ca, Li, Mg, P, Se, Sn, Sr, and Zn concentrations were significantly different between the skin and muscle tissues of Scomberomorus guttatus but with the exception of P, there was no significant difference between element levels in the skin and muscle tissues of Otolithes ruber. The S. guttatus contained significantly higher levels of As, Sn, Se, and P in the muscle tissue and Zn in the skin tissue compared to the muscle and skin tissues of Otolithes ruber. The estimated daily intake of the toxic elements including As, Cd, Sb, Pb, and Sn via consumption of these fish were below the established guidelines but due to the potential contamination by oil activities near the island, continuous and permanent monitoring in this region is highly recommended.

Keywords

Scomberomorus guttatus Otolithes ruber Heavy metals Trace elements Persian Gulf 

References

  1. Alibabic V, Vahcic N, Bajramovic M (2007) Bioaccumulation of metals in fish of Salmonidae family and the impact on fish meat quality. Environ Monit Assess 131:349–364. doi:10.1007/s10661-006-9480-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Annual Fishery Statistics of Iran (2010) Consumption of fish in Iran. Ministry of Agriculture: pp 36–40.Google Scholar
  3. Brucka-Jastrzêbska E, Kawczuga D, Rajkowska M, Protasowicki M (2009) Levels of microelements [Cu, Zn, Fe] and macroelements [Mg, Ca] in freshwater fish. J Elem 14:437–447Google Scholar
  4. Canli M, Atli G (2003) The relationships between heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) levels and the size of six Mediterranean fish species. Environ Pollut 121:129–136. doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(02)00194-X CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carvalho ML, Santiago S, Nunes ML (2005) Assessment of the essential element and heavy metal content of edible fish muscle. Anal Bioanal Chem 382:426–432. doi:10.1007/s00216-004-3005-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Collette BB, Nauen CE (1983) Scombrids of the word: an annoted and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. FAO Species Catalog 2Google Scholar
  7. Dobaradaran S, Naddafi K, Nazmara S, Ghaedi H (2010) Heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Ni and Pb) content in two fish species of Persian Gulf in Bushehr Port. Iran Afr J Biotechnol 9:6191–6193Google Scholar
  8. Dobaradaran S, Abadi DRV, Mahvi AH, Javid A (2011) Fluoride in skin and muscle of two commercial species of fish harvested off the Bushehr Shores of the Persian Gulf fluoride 44:143–146Google Scholar
  9. Dural M, Goksu MZL, Ozak AA (2007) Investigation of heavy metal levels in economically important fish species captured from the Tuzla lagoon. Food Chem 102:415–421. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.03.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. EGVM (Expert Group on Vitamins and Minerals) (2003) Risk assessment: nickel, http://archive.food.gov.uk/dept_health/pdf/evmpdf/evm9924.pdf
  11. Fallah AA, Saei-Dehkordi SS, Nematollahi A, Jafari T (2011) Comparative study of heavy metal and trace element accumulation in edible tissues of farmed and wild rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) using ICP-OES technique. Microchem J 98:275–279. doi:10.1016/j.microc.2011.02.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. FAO/WHO (1989) EValuation of certain food AdditiVes and contaminants; technical report series 759. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  13. Fernandes C, Fontainhas-Fernandes A, Cabral D, Salgado MA (2008) Heavy metals in water, sediment and tissues of Liza saliens from Esmoriz-Paramos Lagoon. Port Environ Monit Assess 136:267–275. doi:10.1007/s10661-007-9682-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fischer W, Bianchi G (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) 4Google Scholar
  15. Giannakopoulou L, Neofitou C (2014) Heavy metal concentrations in Mullus barbatus and Pagellus erythrinus in relation to body size, gender, and seasonality. Environ Sci Pollut Res 21:7140–7153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jarić I, Višnjić-Jeftić Ž, Cvijanović G, Gačić Z, Jovanović L, Skorić S, Lenhardt M (2011) Determination of differential heavy metal and trace element accumulation in liver, gills, intestine and muscle of sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus) from the Danube River in Serbia by ICP-OES. Microchem J 98:77–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kagi JH, Schaffer A (1988) Biochemistry of metallothionein. Biochem 27:8509–8515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Khan AH, Ali M, Biaswas SK, Hadi DA (1987) Trace-elements in marine fish from the Bay of Bengal. Sci Total Environ 61:121–130. doi:10.1016/0048-9697(87)90362-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Malik RN, Hashmi MZ, Huma Y (2014) Heavy metal accumulation in edible fish species from Rawal Lake Reservoir. Pak Environ Sci Pollut Res 21:1188–1196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mansour SA, Sidky MM (2002) Ecotoxicological studies. 3. Heavy metals contaminating water and fish from fayoum governorate. Egypt Food Chem 78:15–22. doi:10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00197-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Marin-Guirao L, Lloret J, Marin A (2008) Carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes and metal concentration in food webs from a mining-impacted coastal lagoon. Sci Total Environ 393:118–130. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.12.023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mendil D, Uluözlü ÖD, Hasdemir E, Tüzen M, Sarı H, Suiçmez M (2005) Determination of trace metal levels in seven fish species in lakes in Tokat. Turk Food Chem 90:175–179. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.03.039 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mendil D, Demirci Z, Tuzen M, Soylak M (2010) Seasonal investigation of trace element contents in commercially valuable fish species from the Black sea. Turk Food Chem Toxicol 48:865–870. doi:10.1016/j.fct.2009.12.023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Muñoz O et al (2000) Total and inorganic arsenic in fresh and processed fish products. J Agric Food Chem 48:4369–4376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Olojo EAA, Olurin KB, Mbaka G, Oluwemimo AD (2005) Histopathology of the gill and liver tissues of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus exposed to lead. Afr J Biotechnol 4:117–122Google Scholar
  26. Perugini M, Visciano P, Manera M, Zaccaroni A, Olivieri V, Amorena M (2014) Heavy metal (As, Cd, Hg, Pb, Cu, Zn, Se) concentrations in muscle and bone of four commercial fish caught in the central Adriatic Sea. Italy Environ Monit Assess 186:2205–2213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Pyle GG, Rajotte JW, Couture P (2005) Effects of industrial metals on wild fish populations along a metal contamination gradient. Ecotox Environ Safe 61:287–312. doi:10.1016/j.econenv.2004.09.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Saei-Dehkordi SS, Fallah AA (2011) Determination of copper, lead, cadmium and zinc content in commercially valuable fish species from the Persian Gulf using derivative potentiometric stripping analysis. Microchem J 98:156–162. doi:10.1016/j.microc.2011.01.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Santos LFP, Trigueiro INS, Lemos VA, Furtunato DMD, Cardoso RDV (2013) Assessment of cadmium and lead in commercially important seafood from Sao Francisco do Conde, Bahia. Brazil Food Control 33:193–199. doi:10.1016/j.foodcont.2013.02.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Somers E (1974) Toxic potential of trace-metals in foods. Rev J Food Sci 39:215–217. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2621.1974.tb02860.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tüzen M (2003) Determination of heavy metals in fish samples of the middle Black Sea (Turkey) by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Food Chem 80:119–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Tuzen M (2009) Toxic and essential trace elemental contents in fish species from the Black Sea. Turk Food Chem Toxicol 47:1785–1790. doi:10.1016/j.fct.2009.04.029 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Tuzen M, Soylak M (2007) Determination of trace metals in canned fish marketed in Turkey. Food Chem 101:1378–1382. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.03.044 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Tuzen M, Karaman I, Cıtak D, Soylak M (2009) Mercury (II) and methyl mercury determinations in water and fish samples by using solid phase extraction and cold vapour atomic absorption spectrometry combination. Food Chem Toxicol 47:1648–1652. doi:10.1016/j.fct.2009.04.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Uluozlu OD, Tuzen M, Mendil D, Soylak M (2007) Trace metal content in nine species of fish from the Black and Aegean Seas. Turk Food Chem 104:835–840. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.01.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Uysal K, Emre Y, Köse E (2008) The determination of heavy metal accumulation ratios in muscle, skin and gills of some migratory fish species by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) in Beymelek Lagoon (Antalya/Turkey). Microchem J 90:67–70. doi:10.1016/j.microc.2008.03.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Verep B, Akin S, Mutlu C, Ertugral B, Apaydin G, Cevik U (2007) Assesment of trace elements in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) cultured in the marine aquaculture cages on the black sea coast. Fresenius Environ Bull 16:1005Google Scholar
  38. Visnjic-Jeftic Z, Jaric I, Jovanovic L, Skoric S, Smederevac-Lalic M, Nikcevic M, Lenhardt M (2010) Heavy metal and trace element accumulation in muscle, liver and gills of the Pontic shad (Alosa immaculata Bennet 1835) from the Danube River (Serbia). Microchem J 95:341–344. doi:10.1016/j.microc.2010.02.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. WHO (1999) Food safety issues associated with product from aquaculture. WHO Technical Report Series 883Google Scholar
  40. WHO (2003) Chemical hazards in drinking water WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water QualityGoogle Scholar
  41. WHO (2006) Sixty-seventh meeting of the joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives; 20–29 June 2006, Rome, http://www.who.int/ipcs/food/jecfa/summaries/summary67pdf
  42. Yilmaz F, Ozdemir N, Demirak A, Tuna AL (2007) Heavy metal levels in two fish species Leuciscus cephalus and Lepomis gibbosus. Food Chem 100:830–835. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.09.020 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dariush Ranjbar Vakil Abadi
    • 1
  • Sina Dobaradaran
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Iraj Nabipour
    • 4
  • Xolelwa Lamani
    • 5
  • Masoumeh Ravanipour
    • 1
  • Rahim Tahmasebi
    • 1
  • Shahrokh Nazmara
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of HealthBushehr University of Medical SciencesBushehrIran
  2. 2.Systems Environmental Health, Oil, Gas and Energy Research CenterBushehr University of Medical SciencesBushehrIran
  3. 3.The Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research CenterBushehrIran
  4. 4.Department of Infectious DiseasesThe Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine ResearchBushehrIran
  5. 5.Instrumental Analytical ChemistryUniversity Duisburg-EssenEssenGermany
  6. 6.School of Public HealthTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

Personalised recommendations