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Phosphate enhances uptake of As species in garland chrysanthemum (C. coronarium) applied with chicken manure bearing roxarsone and its metabolites

Abstract

Roxarsone (ROX), a world widely used feed organoarsenic additive in animal production, can be excreted as itself and its metabolites in animal manure. Animal manure is commonly land applied with phosphorous (P) fertilizer to enhance the P phytoavailability in agriculture. We investigated the accumulation of As species in garland chrysanthemum (C. coronarium) plants fertilized with 1 % (w/w, manure/soil) chicken manure bearing ROX and its metabolites, plus 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, and 0.8 g P2O5/kg, respectively. The results show that As(III) was the sole As compound in garland chrysanthemum shoots, and As(III) and As(V) were detectable in roots. Elevated phosphate level supplied more As(V) for garland chrysanthemum roots through competitive desorption in rhizosphere, leading to significantly enhanced accumulation of As species in plants. As(III) was the predominant As form in plants (85.0∼90.6 %). Phosphate could not change the allocation of As species in plants. Hence, the traditional practice that animal manure is applied with P fertilizer may inadvertently increase the potential risk of As contamination in crop via the way ROX → animal → animal manure → soil → crop.

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Acknowledgments

This work was financed by the Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 41071316 and 40871226) and the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong (Grant 10151064001000010).

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Correspondence to Lixian Yao.

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Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues

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Yao, L., Huang, L., He, Z. et al. Phosphate enhances uptake of As species in garland chrysanthemum (C. coronarium) applied with chicken manure bearing roxarsone and its metabolites. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22, 4654–4659 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-3711-0

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Keywords

  • Roxarsone
  • Animal manure
  • Phosphorous fertilizer
  • As species
  • Phytoavailability