Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 22, Issue 5, pp 3739–3747 | Cite as

Physiological and biochemical responses of Eichhornia crassipes exposed to Cr (III)

  • C. I. González
  • M. A. Maine
  • J. Cazenave
  • G. C. Sanchez
  • M. P. Benavides
Research Article


The effect of exposure of Eichhornia crassipes to Cr (III) was assessed by measuring changes in photosynthetic pigments, malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase, glutathione reductase, catalase, and guaiacol peroxidase activities, as well as Cr concentration in tissues. Cr concentration in roots was significantly higher than in aerial parts and increased with Cr concentration in water. Photosynthetic pigments increased significantly, whereas the activities of antioxidant enzymes varied differently in plant tissues. Low Cr concentrations induced a rapid response of E. crassipes during short-term exposure, implying that the antioxidant system conferred redox homeostasis. Results showed that Cr (III) was more toxic at the two highest concentrations and long-term exposure, while it was not harmful but beneficial at the two lowest concentrations and short-term exposure. This work concludes that E. crassipes was able to grow under Cr (III) stress by protecting itself with an increase in the activity of its antioxidant system.


Oxidative stress Hormesis Antioxidant enzyme defense system Macrophyte Bioaccumulation Lipid peroxidation 



Financial support for this research work was provided by Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Universidad Nacional del Litoral (UNL)-Project CAI + D, and Agencia de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (ANPCyT).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. I. González
    • 1
  • M. A. Maine
    • 1
  • J. Cazenave
    • 2
  • G. C. Sanchez
    • 1
  • M. P. Benavides
    • 3
  1. 1.Química Analítica-Facultad de Ingeniería QuímicaConsejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), U.N.L.Santa FeArgentina
  2. 2.Laboratorio de Ictiología, Instituto Nacional de Limnología (INALI-CONICET-UNL) and Dpto. Ciencias Biológicas, Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias (FHUC-UNL), Paraje El PozoCiudad Universitaria U.N.L.Santa FeArgentina
  3. 3.Departamento de Química Biológica, Facultad de Farmacia y BioquímicaUniversidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina

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