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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 21, Issue 20, pp 12050–12061 | Cite as

Effect of water current on the distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, heavy metals and benthic diatom community in sediments of Haihe estuary, China

  • Jinxia Yan
  • Jingling LiuEmail author
  • Yi Li
  • Sisi Lang
Research Article

Abstract

The pollution loads continuously increased in Haihe estuary, of Tianjin, China, due to intensive human activities, especially the construction of the Haihe Gate and Lingang Industrial Area. In 2011, hydrological variability in Haihe estuary was investigated and sediments were collected. Total organic carbon (TOC), particle size, total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (ΣPAHs), heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn), and benthic diatom community were analyzed. The highest concentrations of ΣPAHs and heavy metals were found near the Haihe Gate. The Shannon diversity index and the relative abundance of Coscinodiscus perforatus (RC) indicated a decreasing trend seaward. Results of Pearson correlation analysis illustrated significant relations between water current velocity and ΣPAHs (p < 0.01), Cr (p < 0.05), and RC (p < 0.05). Path analysis further indicated that water current played an important role in the distribution of PAH, Cr, and RC.

Keywords

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Heavy metals Benthic diatom Haihe estuary Water current 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41271496) and the National Water Pollution Control Important Specialized Science and Technology of China (No. 2011ZX07203-006). We acknowledge C. Lin from Water Conservancy Committee of Haihe River and Y. Wang and X. L. Han from North China Company of Water Resources and Electric Power for their help in sampling. We also thank C. H. Feng from Beijing Normal University for his help in writing the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control and School of EnvironmentBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Environmental and Municipal EngineeringNorth China University of Water Resources and Electric PowerZhengzhouChina

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