Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Characterization of springtime airborne particulate matter-bound reactive oxygen species in Beijing

  • 432 Accesses

  • 10 Citations

Abstract

Epidemiologic studies have suggested that particulate matter (PM)-associated adverse health effects are related to particle composition. To study the toxicological characteristics of dust storm, airborne PM10 was collected at two sites in Beijing from March to May 2012. The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), quantified by dithiothreitol (DTT), was used to measure the PM-induced oxidative potential. Two dust storm (DS) samples were monitored during the sampling period: one happened on March 28th (DS1) and the other one was on April 28th (DS2). The backward trajectory results showed that both events originated from Inner Mongolia and Mongolia, respectively. The increased trends of ROS activities during the dust storm episode in PM10 were observed for all the dust storms owing to a higher concentration of water-soluble components for all the PM10 samples compared to nondust storm ones. Interestingly, the correlations between DTT consumption with water-soluble species yield interesting results about the spatial variability of redox activity between sites. In particular, a tracer of soil suspension, namely Fe, contributed the most fraction to ROS variability in the urban background site. Water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) made the highest contribution to ROS variability, suggesting that vehicle emission might be important driving factors of the PM-induced oxidative stress in the urban site.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  1. Abu-Allaban M, Gillies JA, Gertler AW, Clayton R, Proffitt D (2007) Motor vehicle contributions to ambient PM10 and PM2.5 at selected urban areas in the USA. Environ Monit Assess 132:155–163

  2. Ayres JG, Borm P, Cassee FR, Castranova V, Donaldson K, Ghio A, Harrison RM, Hider R, Kelly F, Kooter IM, Marano F, Maynard RL, Mudway I, Nel A, Sioutas C, Smith S, Baeza-Squiban A, Cho A, Duggan S, Froines J (2008) Evaluating the toxicity of airborne particulate matter and nanoparticles by measuring oxidative stress potential—a workshop report and consensus statement. Inhal Toxicol 20:75–99

  3. Bozlaker A, Prospero JM, Fraser MP, Chellam S (2013) Quantifying the contribution of long-range Saharan dust transport on particulate matter concentrations in Houston, Texas, using detailed elemental analysis. Environ Sci Technol 47:10179–10187

  4. Brunekreef B, Forsberg B (2005) Epidemiological evidence of effects of coarse airborne particles on health. Eur Respir J 26:309–318

  5. Cao J (2013) Evolution of PM2.5 measurements and standards in the U.S. and future perspectives for China. Aerosol Air Qual Res 13:1197–1211

  6. Charrier JG, Anastasio C (2012) On dithiothreitol (DTT) as a measure of oxidative potential for ambient particles: evidence for the importance of soluble transition metals. Atmos Chem Phys 12:9321–9333

  7. Cheung K, Shafer MM, Schauer JJ, Sioutas C (2012) Diurnal trends in oxidative potential of PM10 in the Los Angeles Basin and their relation to sources and chemical composition. Environ Sci Technol 46:3779–3787

  8. Cho AK, Sioutas C, Miguel AH, Kumagai Y, Schmitz DA, Singh M, Eiguren-Fernandez A, Froines JR (2005) Redox activity of airborne particulate matter at different sites in the Los Angeles Basin. Environ Res 99:40–47

  9. Daher N, Ruprecht A, Invernizzi G, De Marco C, Miller-Schulze J, Heo JB, Shafer MM, Shelton BR, Schauer JJ, Sioutas C (2012) Characterization, sources and redox activity of fine and PM10 in Milan, Italy. Atmos Environ 49:130–141

  10. Delfino RJ, Staimer N, Tjoa T, Arhami M, Polidori A, Gillen DL, Kleinman MT, Schauer JJ, Sioutas C (2010) Association of biomarkers of systemic inflammation with organic components and source tracers in quasi-ultrafine particles. Environ Health Perspect 118:756–762

  11. Draxler RR, Rolph GD (2013). HYSPLIT (HYbrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory) model access via NOAA ARL READY website (http://www.arl.noaa.gov/HYSPLIT.php). NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, College Park

  12. Fu P, Kawamura K, Kobayashi M, Simoneit BRT (2012) Seasonal variations of sugars in atmospheric particulate matter from Gosan, Jeju Island: significant contributions of airborne pollen and Asian dust in spring. Atmos Environ 55:234–239

  13. Gallon C, Ranville MA, Conaway CH, Landing WM, Buck CS, Morton PL, Flegal AR (2011) Asian industrial lead inputs to the North Pacific evidenced by lead concentrations and isotopic compositions in surface waters and aerosols. Environ Sci Technol 45:9874–9882

  14. Hoffmann C, Funk R, Sommer M, Li Y (2008) Temporal variations in PM10 and particle size distribution during Asian dust storms in Inner Mongolia. Atmos Environ 42:8422–8431

  15. Jayaratne ER, Johnson GR, McGarry P, Cheung HC, Morawska L (2011) Characteristics of airborne ultrafine and coarse particles during the Australian dust storm of 23 September 2009. Atmos Environ 45:3996–4001

  16. Kam W, Ning Z, Shafer MM, Schauer JJ, Sioutas C (2011) Chemical characterization and redox potential of coarse and fine particulate matter (PM) in underground and ground-level rail systems of the Los Angeles Metro. Environ Sci Technol 45:6769–6776

  17. Khachatryan L, Dellinger B (2011) Environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs)—2. Are free hydroxyl radicals generated in aqueous solutions? Environ Sci Technol 45:9232–9239

  18. Khachatryan L, Vejerano E, Lomnicki S, Dellinger B (2011) Environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs). 1. Generation of reactive oxygen species in aqueous solutions. Environ Sci Technol 45:8559–8566

  19. Knaapen AM, Borm PJ, Albrecht C, Schins RP (2004) Inhaled particles and lung cancer. Part A: mechanisms. Int J Cancer 109:799–809

  20. Landreman AP, Shafer MM, Hemming JC, Hannigan MP, Schauer JJ (2008) A macrophage-based method for the assessment of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) activity of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) and application to routine (daily-24 h) aerosol monitoring studies. Aerosol Sci Technol 42:946–957

  21. Lee H, Kim H, Honda Y, Lim YH, Yi S (2013) Effect of Asian dust storms on daily mortality in seven metropolitan cities of Korea. Atmos Environ 79:510–517

  22. Lei YC, Chan CC, Wang PY, Lee CT, Cheng TJ (2004) Effects of Asian dust event particulates on inflammation markers in periogeral blood and bronchoalveolar lavage in pulomonary hypertensive rats. Environ Res 96:71–76

  23. Li C, Kang S, Zhang Q (2009) Elemental composition of Tibetan Plateau top soils and its effect on evaluating atmospheric pollution transport. Environ Pollut 157:2261–2265

  24. Lin P, Yu JZ (2011) Generation of reactive oxygen species mediated by humic-like substances in atmospheric aerosols. Environ Sci Technol 45:10362–10368

  25. McWhinney RD, Badali K, Liggio J, Li SM, Abbatt JP (2013) Filterable redox cycling activity: a comparison between diesel exhaust particles and secondary organic aerosol constituents. Environ Sci Technol 47:3362–3369

  26. Meng Z, Zhang Q (2006) Oxidative damage of dust storm fine particles instillation on lungs, hearts and livers of rats. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 22:277–282

  27. Ntziachristos L, Froines JR, Cho AK, Sioutas C (2007) Relationship between redox activity and chemical speciation of size-fractionated particulate matter. Part Fibre Toxicol 4:5

  28. Reff A, Turpin BJ, Porcja RJ, Giovennetti R, Cui W, Weisel CP, Zhang J, Kwon J, Alimokhtari S, Morandi M, Stock T, Maberti S, Colome S, Winer A, Shendell D, Jones J, Farrar C (2005) Functional group characterization of indoor, outdoor, and personal PM: results from RIOPA. Indoor Air 15:53–61

  29. Rolph GD (2013) Real-time Environmental Applications and Display System (READY) website (http://www.ready.noaa.gov). NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, College Park

  30. Sacks JD, Stanek LW, Luben TJ, Johns DO, Buckley BJ, Brown JS, Ross M (2011) Particulate matter-induced health effects: who is susceptible? Environ Health Perspect 119:446–454

  31. Schins RP, Lightbody JH, Borm PJ, Shi T, Donaldson K, Stone V (2004) Inflammatory effects of coarse and fine particulate matter in relation to chemical and biological constituents. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 195:1–11

  32. Soh N (2006) Recent advances in fluorescent probes for the detection of reactive oxygen species. Anal Bioanal Chem 386:532–543

  33. Tan SC, Shi GY, Wang H (2012) Long-range transport of spring dust storms in Inner Mongolia and impact on the China seas. Atmos Environ 46:299–308

  34. Verma V, Ning Z, Cho AK, Schauer JJ, Shafer MM, Sioutas C (2009) Redox activity of urban quasi-ultrafine particles from primary and secondary sources. Atmos Environ 43:6360–6368

  35. Verma V, Shafer MM, Schauer JJ, Sioutas C (2010) Contribution of transition metals in the reactive oxygen species activity of PM emissions from retrofitted heavy-duty vehicles. Atmos Environ 44:5165–5173

  36. Wang S, Wang J, Zhou Z, Shang K (2005) Regional characteristics of three kinds of dust storm events in China. Atmos Environ 39:509–520

  37. Wang D, Pakbin P, Shafer MM, Antkiewicz D, Schauer JJ, Sioutas C (2013) Macrophage reactive oxygen species activity of water-soluble and water-insoluble fractions of ambient coarse, PM2.5 and ultrafine particulate matter (PM) in Los Angeles. Atmos Environ 77:301–310

  38. Yin J, Harrison RM (2008) Pragmatic mass closure study for PM1.0, PM2.5 and PM10 at roadside, urban background and rural sites. Atmos Environ 42:980–988

  39. Yin J, Harrison RM, Chen Q, Rutter A, Schauer JJ (2010) Source apportionment of fine particles at urban background and rural sites in the UK atmosphere. Atmos Environ 44:841–851

  40. Zhang W, Wang W, Chen J, Liu H, Dai T, Yang XY, Zhang F, Lin J, Wang Z (2010a) Pollution situation and possible markers of different sources in the Ordos Region, Inner Mongolia, China. Sci Total Environ 408:624–635

  41. Zhang W, Zhuang G, Huang K, Li J, Zhang R, Wang Q, Sun Y, Fu JS, Chen Y, Xu D, Wang W (2010b) Mixing and transformation of Asian dust with pollution in the two dust storms over the northern China in 2006. Atmos Environ 44:3394–3403

Download references

Acknowledgments

Financial support for this work has been provided by Beijing Natural Science Foundation (Nos. 8144044 and 8142017), the Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41175104, 41305110, and 41375131), the University of the Chinese Academy Sciences “Hundred Talents of the Chinese Academy of Sciences” (Y12901FEA2), the Earmaked Fund of State Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry, CAS (LAPC-KF-2013-01), and the “Young Talent Program of Beijing Academy of Sciences and Technology (201301).” The authors gratefully acknowledge the NOAA Air Resources Laboratory (ARL) for the provision of the HYSPLIT transport and dispersion model and/or READY website (http://www.ready.noaa.gov) used in this publication. The authors reported no other financial interests related to this research.

Author information

Correspondence to Qingyang Liu or Yuanxun Zhang.

Additional information

Responsible editor: Constantini Samara

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Figure S1

(DOCX 1234 kb)

Figure S2

(DOCX 1349 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Liu, Q., Zhang, Y., Liu, Y. et al. Characterization of springtime airborne particulate matter-bound reactive oxygen species in Beijing. Environ Sci Pollut Res 21, 9325–9333 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-2843-6

Download citation

Keywords

  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Springtime
  • PM10
  • Dust storm