Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 21, Issue 14, pp 8493–8524 | Cite as

Electrochemical advanced oxidation and biological processes for wastewater treatment: a review of the combined approaches

  • Oleksandra Ganzenko
  • David Huguenot
  • Eric D. van Hullebusch
  • Giovanni Esposito
  • Mehmet A. OturanEmail author
Electrochemical advanced oxidation processes for removal of toxic/persistent organic pollutants from water


As pollution becomes one of the biggest environmental challenges of the twenty-first century, pollution of water threatens the very existence of humanity, making immediate action a priority. The most persistent and hazardous pollutants come from industrial and agricultural activities; therefore, effective treatment of this wastewater prior to discharge into the natural environment is the solution. Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) have caused increased interest due to their ability to degrade hazardous substances in contrast to other methods, which mainly only transfer pollution from wastewater to sludge, a membrane filter, or an adsorbent. Among a great variety of different AOPs, a group of electrochemical advanced oxidation processes (EAOPs), including electro-Fenton, is emerging as an environmental-friendly and effective treatment process for the destruction of persistent hazardous contaminants. The only concern that slows down a large-scale implementation is energy consumption and related investment and operational costs. A combination of EAOPs with biological treatment is an interesting solution. In such a synergetic way, removal efficiency is maximized, while minimizing operational costs. The goal of this review is to present cutting-edge research for treatment of three common and problematic pollutants and effluents: dyes and textile wastewater, olive processing wastewater, and pharmaceuticals and hospital wastewater. Each of these types is regarded in terms of recent scientific research on individual electrochemical, individual biological and a combined synergetic treatment.


Biodegradation Combined treatment Dye Electrochemical processes Olive mill Pharmaceutical Wastewater 



Oleksandra Ganzenko thanks to European Commission for providing financial support under the grant agreement EPA no. 2010-0009 through the Erasmus Mundus Joint Doctorate Programme ETeCoS3 (Environmental Technologies for Contaminated Solids, Soils and Sediments).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oleksandra Ganzenko
    • 1
  • David Huguenot
    • 1
  • Eric D. van Hullebusch
    • 1
  • Giovanni Esposito
    • 2
  • Mehmet A. Oturan
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratoire Géomatériaux et EnvironnementUniversité Paris-EstMarne-la-ValléeFrance
  2. 2.Department of Mechanics, Structures and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of Cassino and Southern LazioCassinoItaly

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