Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 4320–4330 | Cite as

Emission of air pollutants from burning candles with different composition in indoor environments

  • Marco Derudi
  • Simone Gelosa
  • Andrea Sliepcevich
  • Andrea Cattaneo
  • Domenico Cavallo
  • Renato Rota
  • Giuseppe NanoEmail author
Research Article


Candle composition is expected to influence the air pollutants emissions, possibly leading to important differences in the emissions of volatile organic compounds and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. In this regard, the purity of the raw materials and additives used can play a key role. Consequently, in this work emission factors for some polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, aromatic species, short-chain aldehydes and particulate matter have been determined for container candles constituted by different paraffin waxes burning in a test chamber. It has been found that wax quality strongly influences the air pollutant emissions. These results could be used, at least at a first glance, to foresee the expected pollutant concentration in a given indoor environment with respect to health safety standards, while the test chamber used for performing the reported results could be useful to estimate the emission factors of any other candle in an easy-to-build standardised environment.


Candles Emission factor Volatile organic compounds PAHs Particulate matter Paraffin wax 



Financial support from the Associazione Cerai d’Italia is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Derudi
    • 1
  • Simone Gelosa
    • 1
  • Andrea Sliepcevich
    • 1
  • Andrea Cattaneo
    • 2
  • Domenico Cavallo
    • 2
  • Renato Rota
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Nano
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica “G. Natta”Politecnico di MilanoMilanoItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienza e Alta TecnologiaUniversità degli Studi dell’InsubriaComoItaly

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