Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 21, Issue 23, pp 13160–13168 | Cite as

Source apportion of atmospheric particulate matter: a joint Eulerian/Lagrangian approach

  • A. Riccio
  • E. Chianese
  • G. Agrillo
  • C. Esposito
  • L. Ferrara
  • G. Tirimberio
Chemistry in a sustainable society


PM2.5 samples were collected during an annual monitoring campaign (January 2012–January 2013) in the urban area of Naples, one of the major cities in Southern Italy. Samples were collected by means of a standard gravimetric sampler (Tecora Echo model) and characterized from a chemical point of view by ion chromatography. As a result, 143 samples together with their ionic composition have been collected. We extend traditional source apportionment techniques, usually based on multivariate factor analysis, interpreting the chemical analysis results within a Lagrangian framework. The Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory Model (HYSPLIT) model was used, providing linkages to the source regions in the upwind areas. Results were analyzed in order to quantify the relative weight of different source types/areas. Model results suggested that PM concentrations are strongly affected not only by local emissions but also by transboundary emissions, especially from the Eastern and Northern European countries and African Saharan dust episodes.


Particulate matter PM2.5 Source–receptor HYSPLIT Chemical composition Inverse analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Riccio
    • 1
  • E. Chianese
    • 1
  • G. Agrillo
    • 1
  • C. Esposito
    • 1
  • L. Ferrara
    • 2
  • G. Tirimberio
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Science and TechnologyUniversity of Naples ParthenopeNaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly

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