Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 20, Issue 9, pp 6433–6444

The acute effects of fine particles on respiratory mortality and morbidity in Beijing, 2004–2009

  • Pei Li
  • Jinyuan Xin
  • Yuesi Wang
  • Shigong Wang
  • Guoxing Li
  • Xiaochuan Pan
  • Zirui Liu
  • Lili Wang
Research Article


Recent epidemiological and toxicological studies have shown associations between particulate matter and human health. However, the estimates of adverse health effects are inconsistent across many countries and areas. The stratification and interaction models were employed within the context of the generalized additive Poisson regression equation to examine the acute effects of fine particles on respiratory health and to explore the possible joint modification of temperature, humidity, and season in Beijing, China, for the period 2004–2009. The results revealed that the respiratory health damage threshold of the PM2.5 concentration was mainly within the range of 20–60 μg/m3, and the adverse effect of excessively high PM2.5 concentration maintained a stable level. In the most serious case, an increase of 10 μg/m3 PM2.5 results in an elevation of 4.60 % (95 % CI 3.84–4.60 %) and 4.48 % (95 % CI 3.53–5.41 %) with a lag of 3 days, values far higher than the average level of 0.69 % (95 % CI 0.54–0.85 %) and 1.32 % (95 % CI 1.02–1.61 %) for respiratory mortality and morbidity, respectively. There were strong seasonal patterns of adverse effects with the seasonal variation of temperature and humidity. The growth rates of respiratory mortality and morbidity were highest in winter. And, they increased 1.4 and 1.8 times in winter, greater than in the full year as PM2.5 increased 10 μg/m3.


Fine particle PM2.5 Heath effect Respiratory mortality Respiratory morbidity Beijing 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pei Li
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  • Jinyuan Xin
    • 2
  • Yuesi Wang
    • 2
  • Shigong Wang
    • 1
  • Guoxing Li
    • 3
  • Xiaochuan Pan
    • 3
  • Zirui Liu
    • 2
  • Lili Wang
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Semi-arid Climate Change of Ministry of Education, College of Atmospheric ScienceLanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry, Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public HealthPeking University Health Science CenterBeijingChina
  4. 4.Unit 93534 of PLABeijingChina

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