Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 20, Issue 9, pp 6317–6323 | Cite as

Rapid dye degradation with reactive oxidants generated by chloride-induced peroxymonosulfate activation

  • Xiao-Yi Lou
  • Yao-Guang Guo
  • Dong-Xue Xiao
  • Zhao-Hui WangEmail author
  • Shu-Yu Lu
  • Jian-She LiuEmail author
Research Article


Transition-metal is known to catalyze peroxymonosulfate (PMS) decomposition to produce sulfate radicals. Here we report reactions between PMS and chloride, without a need of transition metals, also can be used to degrade organic dye pollutant (Rhodamine B, (RhB)). Some important operating parameters, such as dosages of PMS and Cl, pH of solution, temperature, ionic strength, and several common cations, were systematically investigated. Almost complete decoloration of RhB was achieved within 5 min ([PMS] = 0.5 mM, [Cl] = 120 mM, and pH 3.0), and RhB bleaching rate increased with the increased dosages of both PMS and chloride ion, following the pseudo-first-order kinetic model. However, the total organic carbon (TOC) removal results demonstrated that the decoloration of RhB was due to the destruction of chromophore rather than complete degradation. RhB decoloration could be significantly accelerated due to the high ionic strength. Increasing of the reaction temperature from 273 K to 333 K was beneficial to the RhB degradation, and the activation energy was determined to be 32.996 kJ/mol. Bleaching rate of RhB with the examined cations increased with the order of NH4 + < Na+ < K+ < Al3+ < Ca2+ < Mg2+. Some major degradation products of RhB were identified by GC-MS. The present study may have active technical implications for the treatment of dyestuff wastewater in practice.


Stoichiometric reaction Ionic strength Activation energy Cations System parameters 



The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from the Fundamental Research funds for Central Universities Central (12D11317) and State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse Foundation (No. CRRF11023). This work was partially supported by National Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21007009, 41273108) and “Chen Guang” project (10CG34).

Supplementary material

11356_2013_1678_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.1 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 1106 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Environmental Protection Engineering Center for Pollution Treatment and Control in Textile Industry, College of Environmental Science and EngineeringDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina

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