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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 20, Issue 12, pp 8364–8373 | Cite as

Modeling adsorption kinetics of trichloroethylene onto biochars derived from soybean stover and peanut shell wastes

  • Mahtab Ahmad
  • Sang Soo Lee
  • Sang-Eun Oh
  • Dinesh Mohan
  • Deok Hyun Moon
  • Young Han Lee
  • Yong Sik Ok
Contaminated Land, Ecological Assessment and Remediation Conference Series (CLEAR 2012) : Environmental Pollution and Risk Assessments

Abstract

Trichloroethylene (TCE) is one of the most hazardous organic pollutants in groundwater. Biochar produced from agricultural waste materials could serve as a novel carbonaceous adsorbent for removing organic contaminants from aqueous media. Biochars derived from pyrolysis of soybean stover at 300 °C and 700 °C (S-300 and S-700, respectively), and peanut shells at 300 °C and 700 °C (P-300 and P-700, respectively) were utilized as carbonaceous adsorbents to study batch aqueous TCE remediation kinetics. Different rate-based and diffusion-based kinetic models were adopted to understand the TCE adsorption mechanism on biochars. With an equilibrium time of 8–10 h, up to 69 % TCE was removed from water. Biochars produced at 700 °C were more effective than those produced at 300 °C. The P-700 and S-700 had lower molar H/C and O/C versus P-300 and S-300 resulting in high aromaticity and low polarity accompanying with high surface area and high adsorption capacity. The pseudo-second order and intraparticle diffusion models were well fitted to the kinetic data, thereby, indicating that chemisorption and pore diffusion were the dominating mechanisms of TCE adsorption onto biochars.

Keywords

Black carbon Charcoal Crop residue Proximate analysis Slow pyrolysis Sorption dynamics 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by the Ministry of Environment, Republic of Korea as “The GAIA Project (No. 173-092-010).” Instrumental analysis was supported by the Korea Basic Science Institute, the Environmental Research Institute and the Central Laboratory of Kangwon National University, Korea.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahtab Ahmad
    • 1
  • Sang Soo Lee
    • 1
  • Sang-Eun Oh
    • 1
  • Dinesh Mohan
    • 2
  • Deok Hyun Moon
    • 3
  • Young Han Lee
    • 4
  • Yong Sik Ok
    • 1
  1. 1.Korea Biochar Research Center & Department of Biological EnvironmentKangwon National UniversityChuncheonSouth Korea
  2. 2.School of Environmental SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Environmental EngineeringChosun UniversityGwangjuSouth Korea
  4. 4.Division of Plant Environmental ResearchGyeongsangnam-do Agricultural Research and Extension ServiceJinjuSouth Korea

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