Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 20, Issue 8, pp 5361–5372 | Cite as

Mercury, methylmercury, and selenium in blood of bird species from Doñana National Park (Southwestern Spain) after a mining accident

  • C. Rodríguez Alvárez
  • M. Jiménez Moreno
  • L. López Alonso
  • B. Gómara
  • F. J. Guzmán Bernardo
  • R. C. Rodríguez Martín-Doimeadios
  • M. J. GonzálezEmail author
Research Article


Total mercury (Hg), monomethylmercury (MeHg), and selenium (Se) were determined in blood of 11 bird species living in Doñana National Park (DNP, Southwestern Spain) and the surrounding area in 1999 and 2000 after a mine spill accident. The total Hg contents found varied from 1.00 to 587 ng/mL, with an MeHg percentage higher than 80 %, except in mallard species. In all the cases, the concentrations found were below the threshold of high risk for the bird populations. The parameters which most affected the accumulation of Hg and MeHg in the birds studied were, first, species, or trophic position, and second sampling area. Age does not seem to have a great influence on the content of Hg in the blood of these birds. The levels of Se found ranged from 108 to 873 ng/mL, and they were not affected by species, trophic level, age, or sampling area. The blood Hg concentrations of birds living in the area directly affected by the toxic mud, outside the park, were higher than those found in the other birds, and this could be explained by the mine spill accident happened in 1998.


Doñana National Park Bird species Blood Mercury Selenium Acid mine spill 



The authors are grateful to Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha (PAI06-0094, PEII09-0032-5329) and the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology (BQU2008-02126 and BQU2007-65991) for financial support. The authors thank the staff of Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC), and particularly, Dr. F. Hiraldo, for providing the blood samples.

Supplementary material

11356_2013_1540_MOESM1_ESM.docx (26 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 26 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Rodríguez Alvárez
    • 1
  • M. Jiménez Moreno
    • 1
  • L. López Alonso
    • 2
  • B. Gómara
    • 2
  • F. J. Guzmán Bernardo
    • 1
  • R. C. Rodríguez Martín-Doimeadios
    • 1
  • M. J. González
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Environmental Sciences and BiochemistryUniversity of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM)ToledoSpain
  2. 2.Department of Instrumental Analysis and Environmental ChemistryInstitute of General Organic Chemistry (IQOG-CSIC)MadridSpain

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