Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 20, Issue 7, pp 4659–4670 | Cite as

Emission characteristics of air pollutants from incense and candle burning in indoor atmospheres

  • A. Manoukian
  • E. QuivetEmail author
  • B. Temime-Roussel
  • M. Nicolas
  • F. Maupetit
  • H. Wortham
Research Article


Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and particles emitted by incense sticks and candles combustion in an experimental room have been monitored on-line and continuously with a high time resolution using a state-of-the-art high sensitivity-proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometer (HS-PTR-MS) and a condensation particle counter (CPC), respectively. The VOC concentration–time profiles, i.e., an increase up to a maximum concentration immediately after the burning period followed by a decrease which returns to the initial concentration levels, were strongly influenced by the ventilation and surface interactions. The obtained kinetic data set allows establishing a qualitative correlation between the elimination rate constants of VOCs and their physicochemical properties such as vapor pressure and molecular weight. The emission of particles increased dramatically during the combustion, up to 9.1(±0.2) × 104 and 22.0(±0.2) × 104 part cm−3 for incenses and candles, respectively. The performed kinetic measurements highlight the temporal evolution of the exposure level and reveal the importance of ventilation and deposition to remove the particles in a few hours in indoor environments.


Incense Candle Volatile organic compounds Aerosol HS-PTR-MS Indoor air quality 



The AMBISAFE project is labialized by competitiveness PASS cluster and was funded by a research consortium (Albhades Provence, APF arômes et parfums, Bougie & Senteur, L’Occitane en Provence, TERA Environnement, Terre d’Oc). Audrey Manoukian is grateful to the Région Provence-Alpes-Côte-d’Azur and the Albhades Provence laboratory for the doctoral grant obtained to carry out this study. The authors thank Dr. Sasho Gligorovski for his useful comments and for English correction to the manuscript.

Supplementary material

11356_2012_1394_MOESM1_ESM.doc (136 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 136 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Manoukian
    • 1
  • E. Quivet
    • 1
    Email author
  • B. Temime-Roussel
    • 1
  • M. Nicolas
    • 2
  • F. Maupetit
    • 2
  • H. Wortham
    • 1
  1. 1.Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, LCE, FRE 3416Marseille Cedex 03France
  2. 2.Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment (CSTB)Saint Martin d’HèresFrance

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