Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 2099–2132 | Cite as

Degradation of dyes from aqueous solution by Fenton processes: a review

  • Puthiya Veetil Nidheesh
  • Rajan Gandhimathi
  • Srikrishnaperumal Thanga Ramesh
Review Article


Several industries are using dyes as coloring agents. The effluents from these industries are increasingly becoming an environmental problem. The removal of dyes from aqueous solution has a great potential in the field of environmental engineering. This paper reviews the classification, characteristics, and problems of dyes in detail. Advantages and disadvantages of different methods used for dye removal are also analyzed. Among these methods, Fenton process-based advanced oxidation processes are an emerging prospect in the field of dye removal. Fenton processes have been classified and represented as “Fenton circle”. This paper analyzes the recent studies on Fenton processes. The studies include analyzing different configurations of reactors used for dye removal, its efficiency, and the effects of various operating parameters such as pH, catalyst concentration, H2O2 concentration, initial dye concentration, and temperature of Fenton processes. From the present study, it can be conclude that Fenton processes are very effective and environmentally friendly methods for dye removal.


Dye Decolorization Fenton Advanced oxidation process 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Puthiya Veetil Nidheesh
    • 1
  • Rajan Gandhimathi
    • 1
  • Srikrishnaperumal Thanga Ramesh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyTiruchirappalliIndia

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