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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp 4085–4092 | Cite as

Effects of cadmium exposure on digestive enzymes, antioxidant enzymes, and lipid peroxidation in the freshwater crab Sinopotamon henanense

  • Hao Wu
  • Ruijing Xuan
  • Yingjun Li
  • Xiaomin Zhang
  • Qian Wang
  • Lan Wang
Research Article

Abstract

In this study, the effects of cadmium (Cd) stress on the activities of disaccharidases (sucrase, lactase, and maltase), amylase, trypsin, pepsase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and malondialdehyde (MDA) content in the alimentary system of freshwater crabs Sinopotamon henanense were studied. Results showed that the enzyme activities in the stomach, intestine, and hepatopancreas changed with Cd concentration. In terms of digestive enzymes, Cd exposure had an inhibitory effect on the activities of the disaccharidases, amylase, and pepsase (only in the stomach). Significant induction of trypsin activity by Cd at a lower concentration was observed, but as Cd concentration increased, trypsin activity decreased. Maltase activity showed a slight recovery after inhibition by Cd. The activities of SOD and CAT increased initially and decreased subsequently. Cd significantly inhibited the activity of GPx. MDA content increased with increasing concentration of Cd. These results showed that acute Cd exposure led to harmful effects on the alimentary system of crabs, which are likely linked to Cd induced oxidative stress.

Keywords

Sinopotamon henanense Digestive enzymes Antioxidant enzymes Lipid peroxidation Cadmium 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation (no. 30970361, to Lan Wang). The authors are thankful to Professor Enmin Zou and Professor Hans-Uwe Dahms for language editing of the manuscript.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hao Wu
    • 1
  • Ruijing Xuan
    • 1
  • Yingjun Li
    • 1
  • Xiaomin Zhang
    • 1
  • Qian Wang
    • 1
  • Lan Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Life ScienceShanxi UniversityTaiyuanPeople’s Republic of China

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