Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp 3414–3422 | Cite as

Accumulation pattern and distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in liver tissues of seven species of birds from Ahmedabad, India, during 2005–2007

Research Article

Abstract

Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were measured in liver tissues of seven species of birds collected from Ahmedabad, India during 2005–2007. All the samples collected were dead as victims of kite flying. Concentrations of ∑PAHs in livers of birds were ranged from 110 ± 32.6 ng/g wet wt (1,078 ± 320 lipid wt) in common myna Acridotheres tristis to 382 ± 90.1 ng/g (2,388 ± 563 lipid wt) in white-backed vulture. Statistically significant (p < 0.05) differences in ∑PAHs were observed among species. However, year of collection and sex of birds did not show significant differences in concentrations of PAHs. The levels of ∑PAHs measured in the present study species were higher than the levels documented for a number of avian species and were lower than those reported to have deleterious effects on survival or reproduction of birds. Presence of PAH residues in birds of Ahmedabad city show the continuous input of PAHs through environmental exposure. Although no threat is posed by any of the hydrocarbons detected, continuous monitoring of breeding colonies of birds is recommended in unpolluted reference sites as well as polluted sites. It is also the first account of a comprehensive analysis of PAHs in various species of birds in India. Therefore, the values reported in this study can serve as baseline values for future research.

Keywords

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Liver Birds Environmental monitoring India 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I express my sincere gratitude to the Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Gujarat, and Mr. Ragul Sehgal, Coordinator, Animal Help Foundation (AHF), Ahmedabad, for their support in sample collection. I am also thankful to Dr. S. Muralidharan, Research Supervisor, for his support and guidance. Sàlim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Coimbatore, extended financial support. I appreciate Patturajan and Murugesan for their assistance in all laboratory works.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sàlim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural HistoryCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology DivisionRegional Occupational Health Centre (Southern), ICMRDevanahalli TKIndia

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