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Efficient biosorption of chromium(VI) ion by dry Araucaria leaves

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Abstract

Background

In this paper, batch removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions by Araucaria heterophylla leaves was investigated. The batch experiments were conducted to study the adsorption of metal species and effect of different pH, contact time, metal concentration, biosorbent concentration, and adsorption capacity.

Method

Freundlich and Langmuir’s isotherm model were used to describe the adsorption behavior, and the experimental results fitted Freundlich model well.

Results

The adsorption efficiency observed for all chromium concentrations, i.e., 1, 3, 5, and 10 mg/L was 100% and the equilibrium was achieved in 30 min for 1 and 3 mg/L, whereas for 5 and 10 mg/L, it was less than 60 min. FTIR spectra was taken to identify functional groups involved in the biosorption.

Conclusion

Thus, Araucaria leaves can be considered as one of the cheap and efficient biosorbent for toxic hexavalent chromium removal from natural or wastewaters.

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Acknowledgments

One of the authors, Dhara Shukla, would like to thank the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Government of India, for the financial assistance.

Author information

Correspondence to Padma S. Vankar.

Additional information

Responsible editor: Vinod Kumar Gupta

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Shukla, D., Vankar, P.S. Efficient biosorption of chromium(VI) ion by dry Araucaria leaves. Environ Sci Pollut Res 19, 2321–2328 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-0741-3

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Keywords

  • Hexavalent chromium
  • Biosorption
  • Freundlich isotherm
  • Araucaria heterophylla
  • FTIR