Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 890–896

The bioaccumulation and translocation of Fe, Zn, and Cu in species of mushrooms from Russula genus

  • Gabriela Busuioc
  • Carmen Cristina Elekes
  • Claudia Stihi
  • Stefania Iordache
  • Sorin Constantin Ciulei
Research Article

Abstract

Introduction

Many previous studies revealed a high ability of mushrooms to accumulate heavy metals from environment. This paper concerns the capacity of some wild macromycetes belonging to Russula genus to accumulate heavy metals in natural condition of pH (between 6.5 and 6.8) and the pattern of metal translocation in the fruiting body.

Materials and methods

The studied Russula species are Russula virescens, Russula cyanoxantha, Russula foetens, and Russula nigrescens, which were harvested from forestry ecosystem from South Romania. The metal concentration in mushrooms and their substrate was established by EDXRF method.

Results and discussion

The concentrations of iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), and copper (Cu) in the fruiting body depends on species and vary between 58.83–340.34, 19.70–99.62, and 5.03–9.37 mg/kg for Fe, Zn, and Cu, respectively. The bioaccumulation factor has subunit values for the three studied trace metals, which show the low capacity of these species of mushrooms to accumulate metals if the concentrations in soil increase over the normal threshold for these elements. The high values of translocation factor demonstrate the mobility of Fe, Zn, and Cu in the studied mushrooms.

Keywords

Macromycetes Heavy metals Bioaccumulation Translocation 

References

  1. Agrahar-Murugkar D, Subbuakshmi G (2005) Nutritional value of edible wild mushrooms collected from the Khasi hills of Meghalaya. Food Chem 89(4):599–603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alonso J, Garcia AM, Pérez-López M, Melgar MJ (2003) The concentrations and bioconcentration factors of copper and zinc in edible mushrooms. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 44:180–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Angeles Garcia M, Alonso J, Melgar JM (2009) Lead in edible mushrooms. Levels and bioaccumulation factors. J Hazard Mater 167(1–3):777–783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bidar G, Garçon G et al (2007) Behaviour of Trifolium repens and Lolium perenne growing in a heavy metal contaminated field: Plant metal concentration and phytotoxicity. Environ Pollut 147:546–553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cocchi L, Vescovi L, Petrini LE, Petrini O (2006) Heavy metals in edible mushrooms in Italy. Food Chem 98:277–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Collin-Hansen C, Andersen RA, Steinnes E (2003) Isolation and N-terminal sequencing of a novel cadmium-binding protein from Boletus edulis. J Phys IV France 107:311–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Diez VA, Alvarez A (2001) Compositional and nutritional studies on two wild edible mushrooms from northwest Spain. Food Chem 75:417–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Elekes CC, Busuioc G, Ionita Gh (2010) The bioaccumulation of some heavy metals in the fruiting body of wild growing mushrooms. Not Bot Horti Agrobot 38(2):147–151Google Scholar
  9. Ene A, Popescu IV, Stihi C (2009) Applications of proton-induced X-Ray emission technique in materials and environmental science. Ovidius Univ Ann Chem 20(1):35–39Google Scholar
  10. Garcia AM, Alonso J, Fernández MI, Melgar MJ (1998) Lead content in edible wild mushrooms in northwest Spain as indicator of environmental contamination. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 34:330–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Science (2001) Dietary reference intakes for vitamin A, vitamin K, arsenic, boron, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, silicon, vanadium and zinc. J Am Diet Assoc 101:294–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Isildak Ö, Turkekul I, Elmastas M, Tuzen M (2004) Analysis of heavy metals in some wild-grown edible mushrooms from the middle black sea region, Turkey. Food Chem 86:547–552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kabata-Pendias A, Pendias H (1993) Biogeochemistry of trace elements. PWN, WarszawGoogle Scholar
  14. Kalač P, Svoboda LA (2000) Review of trace element concentrations in edible mushrooms. Food Chem 69:273–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kalač P, Niznanska M, Bevilaqua D, Staskova I (1996) Concentrations of mercury, copper, cadmium and lead in fruiting bodies of edible mushrooms in the vicinity of a mercury smelter and a copper smelter. Sci Total Environ 177:251–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Latiff LA, Daran ABM, Mohamed AB (1996) Relative distribution of minerals in the pileus and stalk of some selected edible mushrooms. Food Chem 56:115–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Malinowska E, Szefer P, Falandysz J (2004) Metals bioaccumulation by bay bolete, Xerocomus badius, from selected sites in Poland. Food Chem 84:405–416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Manzi P, Aguzzi A, Pizzoferrato L (2001) Nutritional value of mushrooms widely consumed in Italy. Food Chem 73:321–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Olumuyiwa SF, Oluwatoyin OA, Olanrewaja O, Steve RA (2007) Chemical composition and toxic trace element composition of some Nigerian edible wild mushroom. Int J Food Sci Technol 43(1):24–29Google Scholar
  20. Onianwa PC, Adeyemo AO, Idowu OE, Ogabiela EE (2001) Copper and zinc contents of Nigerian foods and estimates of the adult dietary intakes. Food Chem 72:89–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Radulescu C, Stihi C, Busuioc G, Gheboianu AI, Popescu IV (2010) Studies concerning heavy metals bioaccumulation of wild edible mushrooms from industrial area by using spectrometric techniques. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 84:641–646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Technical Workshop on Nutrient Risk Assessment (2005) A Model for Establishing Upper Levels of Intake for Nutrients and Related Substances, WHO Headquarters, Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  23. Rudawska M, Leski T (2005) Macro- and microelement contents in fruiting bodies of wild mushrooms from the Notecka forest in west-central Poland. Food Chem 92:499–506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Scragg A (2005) Environmental biotechnology. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  25. Sesli E, Tuzen M (1999) Levels of trace elements in the fruiting bodies of macrofungi growing in the East Black Sea region of Turkey. Food Chem 65:453–460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sesli E, Tuzen M, Soylak M (2008) Evaluation of trace metal contents of some wild edible mushrooms from Black sea region, Turkey. J Hazard Mater 160:462–467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Soylak M, Saraçoğlu S, Tüzen M, Mendil D (2005) Determination of trace metals in mushroom samples from Kayseri, Turkey. Food Chem 92:649–652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Svoboda L, Zimmermanniva K, Kalač P (2000) Concentrations of mercury, cadmium, lead and copper in fruiting bodies of edible mushrooms in an emission area of a copper smelter and a mercury smelter. Sci Total Environ 246:61–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Svoboda L, Havličková B, Kalač P (2006) Contents of cadmium, mercury and lead in edible mushrooms growing in a historical silver-mining area. Food Chem 96:580–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Thomet U, Vogel E, Krähenbühl U (1999) The uptake of cadmium and zinc by mycelia and their accumulation in mycelia and fruiting bodies of edible mushrooms. Eur Food Res Technol 209:317–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tuzen M (2003) Determination of heavy metals in soil, mushroom and plant samples by atomic absorption spectrometry. Microchem J 74:289–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriela Busuioc
    • 1
  • Carmen Cristina Elekes
    • 1
  • Claudia Stihi
    • 1
  • Stefania Iordache
    • 1
  • Sorin Constantin Ciulei
    • 1
  1. 1.Valahia University of TârgovişteTârgovişteRomania

Personalised recommendations