Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 38–45

Effects of soil type on leaching and runoff transport of rare earth elements and phosphorous in laboratory experiments

  • Lingqing Wang
  • Tao Liang
  • Zhongyi Chong
  • Chaosheng Zhang
Research Article

Abstract

Introduction

Through leaching experiments and simulated rainfall experiments, characteristics of vertical leaching of exogenous rare earth elements (REEs) and phosphorus (P) and their losses with surface runoff during simulated rainfall in different types of soils (terra nera soil, cinnamon soil, red soil, loess soil, and purple soil) were investigated.

Results and analyses

Results of the leaching experiments showed that vertical transports of REEs and P were relatively low, with transport depths less than 6 cm. The vertical leaching rates of REEs and P in the different soils followed the order of purple soil > terra nera soil > red soil > cinnamon soil > loess soil. Results of the simulated rainfall experiments (83 mm h−1) revealed that more than 92% of REEs and P transported with soil particles in runoff.

Conclusion

The loss rates of REEs and P in surface runoff in the different soil types were in the order of loess soil > terra nera soil > cinnamon soil > red soil > purple soil. The total amounts of losses of REEs and P in runoff were significantly correlated.

Keywords

Soil Phosphorous Rare earth elements Simulated rainfall Manure 

References

  1. Cogger C, Duxbury JM (1984) Factors affecting phosphorus losses from cultivated organic soils. J Environ Qual 13:111–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ding S, Liang T, Zhang C et al (2006) Fractionation mechanisms of rare earth elements (REEs) in hydroponic wheat: an application for metal accumulation by plants. Environ Sci Technol 40:2686–2691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Duddya LR (1980) Redistribution and fractionation of rare-earth and other elements in a weathering profile. Chem Geol 30(4):363–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fernández-Caliani JC, Barba-Brioso C, De la Rosa JD (2009) Mobility and speciation of rare earth elements in acid minesoils and geochemical implications for river waters in the southwestern Iberian margin. Geoderma 149(3–4):393–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Haygarth PM, Hepworth L, Jarvis SC (1998) Forms of phosphorus transfer in hydrological pathways from soil under grazed grassland. Eur J Soil Sci 49(1):65–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Heckrath G, Brookes PC, Poulton PR et al (1995) Phosphorus leaching from soils containing different phosphorus concentrations in the Broadbalk experiment. J Environ Qual 24(5):904–910CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hedley MJ, Stewart JB, Chauhan BS (1982) Changes in inorganic and organic soil phosphorus fractions induced by cultivation practices and by laboratory incubations. Soil Sci Soc Am J 46(5):970–976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hooda PS, Rendell AR, Edwards AC (2000) Relating soil phosphorus indices to potential phosphorus release to water. J Environ Qual 29:1166–1171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jones DL (1997) Trivalentmetal (Ce, Y, Rh, La, Pr, Gd) sorption in two acid soils and its consequences for bioremediation. Eur J Soil Sci 48:697–702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kimoto A, Nearing MA, Shipitalo MJ et al (2006) Multi-year tracking of sediment sources in a small agricultural watershed using rare earth elements. Earth Surf Processes Landf 31(14):1763–1774CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kleinman PA, Sharpley AN, Moyer BG et al (2002) Effect of mineral and manure phosphorus sources on runoff phosphorus. J Environ Qual 31(6):2026–2033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Laveufa C, Cornu S (2009) A review on the potentiality of rare earth elements to trace pedogenetic processes. Geoderma 154(1–2):1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Liang T, Ding S, Zhang C et al (2005) Fractionation of rare earth elements in plants 1, fractionation patterns and their forming mechanisms in different organs of Triticum aestivum. Journal of Rare Earths 23(2):224–226Google Scholar
  14. Polyakov V, Nearing M (2004) Rare earth element oxides for tracing sediment movement. Catena 55(3):255–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sharpley AN, McDowell RW, Kleinman PA (2001) Phosphorus loss from land to water: integrating agricultural and environmental management. Plant Soil 237(2):287–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Sims JT, Simard RR, Joern BC (1998) Phosphorus losses in agricultural drainage: historical perspective and current research. J Environ Qual 27:277–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Song W, Liu P, Yang Y (2003) Using REE tracers to measure sheet erosion changing to rill erosion. J Rare Earths 21(6):711–715Google Scholar
  18. Wang L, Liang T, Hu A et al (2005) Accumulation and fractionation of rare earth elements in soil rice systems. J Rare Earth 23(6):747–749Google Scholar
  19. Welch SA, Christy AG, Isaacson L, Kirste D (2009) Mineralogical control of rare earth elements in acid sulfate soils. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 73:44–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Zhang X, Fredrich JM, Nearing MA, Norton LD (2001) Potential use of rare earth oxides as tracers for soil erosion and aggregation studies. Soil Sci Soc Am J 65(5):1508–1515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Zhang GS, Chan KY, Oates A et al (2007) Relationship between soil structure and runoff soil loss after 24 years of conservation tillage. Soil Tillage Res 92(1–2):122–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Zhu W, Zhang J, Zhang L (1996) Numerical simulation of RE migration in soils. J Chin Rare Earth Soc 14(4):341–346Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lingqing Wang
    • 1
  • Tao Liang
    • 1
  • Zhongyi Chong
    • 1
  • Chaosheng Zhang
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Geography and Environmental Change InstituteNational University of IrelandGalwayIreland

Personalised recommendations