• Heinz RüdelEmail author
  • Winfried Schröder
  • Karl Theo von der Trenck
  • Gerhard A. Wiesmüller

During the second half of the 20th century, we have suddenly been faced with a great number of environmental crises that were related to the exponential increase in such factors as population, affluence, and technology (Moore and Moore 1976). Probably the most prominent example of such a crisis is the negative effect of pesticides, especially of DDT, on the environment as described in Rachel Carson’s book “Silent Spring” (Carson 1962). Through this publication, a broader part of the societies in developed countries became aware that the use of chemicals may also have adverse effects on ecosystems. Carson’s book fostered the progress of both environmental sciences and environmental non-profit organizations in many states.

Since then, environmental monitoring focused more on chemicals, driven by and also driving analytical technologies. In many countries, environmental legislations were enacted trying to balance the risks and benefits of chemical usage. However, our industrialized...


Sewage Sludge Environmental Monitoring POPs Position Paper Personal Care Product 
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Contributions to the CBEM series

  1. Aden M, Schmidt G, Schröder W: The Reference Data System WaldIS—A Web-based Platform for the Compilation and Visualisation of Forest Monitoring Data in North Rhine-WestphaliaGoogle Scholar
  2. Claus E, Reifferscheid G, Krämer T, Keller M, Heininger P: Chemical and Ecotoxicological Monitoring in German Cross-border RiversGoogle Scholar
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  4. Kiss A, Fries E (2009): Occurrence of Benzotriazoles in German rivers. doi: 10.1007/s11356-009-0179-4
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heinz Rüdel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Winfried Schröder
    • 2
  • Karl Theo von der Trenck
    • 3
  • Gerhard A. Wiesmüller
    • 4
  1. 1.Environmental Specimen Bank and Elemental Analysis, Fraunhofer-Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology (Fraunhofer IME)SchmallenbergGermany
  2. 2.Landscape EcologyUniversity of VechtaVechtaGermany
  3. 3.State Institute for Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg (LUBW)KarlsruheGermany
  4. 4.Environmental Specimen Bank for Human TissuesUniversity Hospital MünsterMünsterGermany

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