Advertisement

Landscape and Ecological Engineering

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 289–298 | Cite as

Navigation disturbance and its impact on fish assemblage in the East Tiaoxi River, China

  • Yuichi Kano
  • Tatsuro Sato
  • Liangliang Huang
  • Chris Wood
  • Kazuhiro Bessho
  • Tomotaka Matsumoto
  • Yukihiro Shimatani
  • Jun Nakajima
Report

Abstract

We provide the first evidence for navigation impact on resident river fish in China. The survey was conducted in the East Tiaoxi River that discharges into Lake Taihu near Shanghai, on which cargo ship traffic has dramatically increased in the recent economic development period. Water turbidity, ship traffic and other environmental factors were evaluated at 29 sites on the river. In a multiple regression model with the stepwise method, turbidity was significantly correlated with ship traffic (R 2 = 0.53). Another survey was conducted at 46 sites in the same area of the river, in which environmental factors were evaluated and fish individuals were electrofished. A generalised linear model with the stepwise method was applied to predict ecological indicators of the fish assemblage (species richness, individual density and Shannon’s diversity index) based on environmental factors. The results showed that the indicators were negatively correlated with turbidity and presence of artificial shore embankment structures. Another analysis further showed that the negative effect of turbid water was especially considerable for fish of smaller size. In conclusion, cargo ship traffic has a negative impact on fish assemblage, especially on smaller individuals, in the East Tiaoxi River. A higher profile for conservation actions and consideration of environmental impacts of such traffic should be given increasing focus for this and other similar East Asian water courses.

Keywords

Cargo ship traffic Embankment Lake Taihu Navigation bottleneck hypothesis (NBH) Turbidity Water pollution 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are deeply grateful to I. Djamaluddin, J. Li, W. Tanaka, H. Toyama, K. Watanabe and T. Yahara for great assistance. This work was supported by Global COE Program (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan; center of excellence for Asian conservation ecology as a basis of human–nature mutualism), Research Institute for East Asia Environment (Kyushu University) and the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (S9) of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan. We also gratefully appreciate the financial support of Mitsubishi Corporation.

References

  1. Ali MM, Murphy KJ, Langendorff J (1999) Interrelations of river ship traffic with aquatic plants in the River Nile, upper Egypt. Hydrobiologia 415:93–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arlinghaus R, Engelhardt C, Sukhodolov A, Wolter C (2002) Fish recruitment in a canal with intensive navigation: implications for ecosystem management. J Fish Biol 61:1386–1402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barrett JC, Grossman GD, Rosenfeld J (1992) Turbidity-induced changes in reactive distance of rainbow-trout. Trans Am Fish Soc 121:437–443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Boedeltje G, Bakker JP, ter Heerdt GNJ (2003) Potential role of propagule banks in the development of aquatic vegetation in backwaters along navigation canals. Aquat Bot 77:53–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Boedeltje G, Smolders AJP, Roelofs JGM, Van Groenendael JM (2001) Constructed shallow zones along navigation canals: vegetation establishment and change in relation to environmental characteristics. Aquat Conserv 11:453–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brett JR, Glass NR (1973) Metabolic rates and critical swimming speeds of sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) in relation to size and temperature. J Fish Res Board Can 30:379–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chu X, Zheng B, Dai D (1999) Fauna sinica, osteichthyes, siluriformes. Science, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  8. Fagerholm HP (1975) The effects of ferry traffic on the rocky shore macrofauna in the southern Åland archipelago: 1. The cladophora zone. Merentutkimuslaitoksen Julk Havsforskningsinst Skr 239:331–337Google Scholar
  9. Fagerholm HP (1978) The effects of ferry traffic (artificial wave action) on rocky shore macrofauna in the Northern Baltic. 2. The fucus zone (a quantitative study). Kiel Meeresforsch 4:130–137Google Scholar
  10. Flore L, Keckeis H (1998) The effect of water current on foraging behaviour of the rheophilic cyprinid Chondrostoma nasus (l.) during ontogeny: evidence of a trade-off between energetic gain and swimming costs. Regul Rivers Res Manage 14:141–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Garrad PN, Hey RD (1987) Boat traffic, sediment resuspension and turbidity in a Broadland river. J Hydrol 95:289–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Garrad PN, Hey RD (1988) River management to reduce turbidity in navigable Broadland rivers. J Environ Manage 27:273–288Google Scholar
  13. Goldes SA, Ferguson HW, Moccia RD, Daoust PY (1988) Histological effects of the inert suspended clay kaolin on the gills of juvenile rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri richardson. J Fish Dis 11:23–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gu P, Shen RF, Chen YD (2008) Diffusion pollution from livestock and poultry rearing in the Yangtze Delta, China. Environ Sci Pollut R 15:273–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gutreuter S, Dettmers JM, Wahl DH (2003) Estimating mortality rates of adult fish from entrainment through the propellers of river towboats. Trans Am Fish Soc 132:646–661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gutreuter S, Vallazza JM, Knights BC (2006) Persistent disturbance by commercial navigation alters the relative abundance of channel-dwelling fishes in a large river. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 63:2418–2433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Heggenes J, Traaen T (1988) Downstream migration and critical water velocities in stream channels for fry of four salmonid species. J Fish Biol 32:717–727CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Herbert DWM, Alabaster JS, Dart MC, Lloyd R (1961) The effect of china-clay wastes on trout streams. Int J Air Water Pollut 5:56–74PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Herbert DWM, Merkens JC (1961) The effect of suspended mineral solids on the survival of trout. Int J Air Water Pollut 5:46–55PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Hilton J, Phillips GL (1982) The effect of boat activity on turbidity in a shallow Broadland river. J Appl Ecol 19:143–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Holland LE (1986) Effects of barge traffic on distribution and survival of ichthyoplankton and small fishes in the upper Mississippi River. Trans Am Fish Soc 115:162–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Holland LE, Sylvester JR (1983) Distribution of larval fishes related to potential navigation impacts on the upper Mississippi River, pool 7. Trans Am Fish Soc 112:293–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Houde ED (1969) Sustained swimming ability of larvae of walleye (Stizostedion vitreum vitreum) and yellow perch (Perca flavescens). J Fish Res Board Can 26:1647–1659CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Huang W, Xu G, Wu Q, Qin B (2008) Pollution and eutrophication. In: Qin B (ed) Lake Taihu, China. Springer Science + Business Media B.V., pp 23–42Google Scholar
  25. Jude DJ, Tesar FJ, Tin HT (1998) Spring distribution and abundance of larval fishes in the st. Marys River, with a note on potential effects of freighter traffic on survival of eggs and larvae. J Great Lakes Res 24:569–581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Keckeis H, Winkler G, Flore L, Reckendorfer W, Schiemer F (1997) Spatial and seasonal characteristics of 0+ fish nursery habitats of nase, Chondrostoma nasus in the River Danube, Austria. Folia Zool 46:133–150Google Scholar
  27. Killgore KJ, Maynord ST, Chan MD, Morgan RP (2001) Evaluation of propeller-induced mortality on early life stages of selected fish species. North Am J Fish Manage 21:947–955CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Killgore KJ, Miller AC, Conley KC (1987) Effects of turbulence on yolk-sac larvae of paddlefish. Trans Am Fish Soc 116:670–673CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kucera-Hirzinger V, Schludermann E, Zornig H, Weissenbacher A, Schabuss M, Schiemer F (2009) Potential effects of navigation-induced wave wash on the early life history stages of riverine fish. Aquat Sci 71:94–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lindholm T, Svartstrom M, Spoof L, Meriluoto J (2001) Effects of ship traffic on archipelago waters off the Långnäs harbour in Åland, SW Finland. Hydrobiologia 444:217–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Magoulick DD, Kobza RM (2003) The role of refugia for fishes during drought: a review and synthesis. Freshw Biol 48:1186–1198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Mason CF, Bryant RJ (1975) Changes in ecology of Norfolk Broads. Freshw Biol 5:257–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. McCullagh P, Nelder J (1989) Generalized linear models (2nd edn). Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  34. Moa J, Xu S (1991) Fauna of Zhejiang, freshwater fishes. Zhejiang Science and Technology, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  35. Morgan RP, Ulanowicz RE, Rasin VJ, Noe LA, Gray GB (1976) Effects of shear on eggs and larvae of striped bass, Morone saxatilis, and white perch, Morone americana. Trans Am Fish Soc 105:149–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Mueller G (1980) Effects of recreational river traffic on nest defence by longear sunfish. Trans Am Fish Soc 109:248–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Murtaugh PA (2009) Performance of several variable-selection methods applied to real ecological data. Ecol Lett 12:1061–1068PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Randall RG, Minns CK, Cairns VW, Moore JE (1996) The relationship between an index of fish production and submerged macrophytes and other habitat features at three littoral areas in the Great Lakes. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 53:35–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Reynolds JB, Simmons RC, Burkholder AR (1989) Effects of placer mining discharge on health and food of arctic grayling. Water Resour Bull 25:625–635CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Rosso JJ, Sosnovsky A, Rennella AM, Quiros R (2010) Relationships between fish species abundances and water transparency in hypertrophic turbid waters of temperate shallow lakes. Int Rev Hydrobiol 95:142–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Rönnberg O (1975) The effects of ferry traffic on rocky shore vegetation in the southern Åland archipelago. Merentutkimuslaitoksen Julk Havsforskningsinst Skr 239:325–330Google Scholar
  42. Sato T, Kano Y, Huang L, Li J, Shimatani Y (2010) Assessment of river environment in the East Tiaoxi Basin, China using GPS-logger, Google Earth and Landsat images. Adv River Eng 16:47–52 (in Japanese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  43. Shields FD, Knight SS, Cooper CM (2000) Warmwater stream bank protection and fish habitat: a comparative study. Environ Manage 26:317–328PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Sigler JW, Bjornn TC, Everest FH (1984) Effects of chronic turbidity on density and growth of steelheads and coho salmon. Trans Am Fish Soc 113:142–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Smart MM, Rada RG, Nielsen DN, Claflin TO (1985) The effect of commercial and recreational traffic on the resuspension of sediment in navigation pool 9 of the upper Mississippi River. Hydrobiologia 126:263–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Stahlberg S, Peckmann P (1987) The critical swimming speed of small teleost fish species in a flume. Arch Fur Hydrobiol 110:179–193Google Scholar
  47. Sutherland AB, Meyer JL (2007) Effects of increased suspended sediment on growth rate and gill condition of two southern Appalachian minnows. Environ Biol Fish 80:389–403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Swenson WA, Matson ML (1976) Influence of turbidity on survival, growth, and distribution of larval lake herring (Coregonus arttedii). Trans Am Fish Soc 4:541–545Google Scholar
  49. Wang D (2009) Population status, threats and conservation of the Yangtze finless porpoise. Chin Sci Bull 54:3473–3484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Wang ZS, Shi JQ, Xu CR, Lei GC (2009) Degradation of icefishes (salangidae) in the Yangtze River Basin of China: threats and strategies. Environ Biol Fish 86:1090–1117Google Scholar
  51. Wang F, Tian P, Yu J, Lao G, Shi T (2010) Variations in pollutant fluxes of rivers surrounding Taihu Lake in Zhejiang Province in 2008. Phys Chem Earth (in press)Google Scholar
  52. Willby NJ, Eaton JW (1996) Backwater habitats and their role in nature conservation on navigable waterways. Hydrobiologia 340:333–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Winkler G, Keckeis H, Reckendorfer W, Schiemer F (1997) Temporal and spatial dynamics of 0+ Chondrostoma nasus, at the inshore zone of a large river. Folia Zool 46:151–168Google Scholar
  54. Wolter C, Arlinghaus R (2003) Navigation impacts on freshwater fish assemblages: the ecological relevance of swimming performance. Rev Fish Biol Fisher 13:63–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Wu H, Zhong J (2008) Fauna sinica, osteichthyes, perciformes (v) gobioidei. Science, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  56. Young PS, Cech JJ (1994) Optimum exercise conditioning velocity for growth, muscular development, and swimming performance in young-of-the-year striped bass (Morone saxatilis). Can J Fish Aquat Sci 51:1519–1527CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© International Consortium of Landscape and Ecological Engineering and Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuichi Kano
    • 1
  • Tatsuro Sato
    • 1
  • Liangliang Huang
    • 2
  • Chris Wood
    • 3
    • 4
  • Kazuhiro Bessho
    • 5
  • Tomotaka Matsumoto
    • 5
  • Yukihiro Shimatani
    • 1
  • Jun Nakajima
    • 1
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Urban and Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of EngineeringKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Yangtze River Water Environment, Ministry of EducationTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Department of Biology, Faculty of SciencesKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  4. 4.College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Department of Systems Life Sciences, Graduate School of Systems Life SciencesKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  6. 6.Fukuoka Institute of Health and Environmental SciencesDazaifuJapan

Personalised recommendations