Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Meteorology and species composition of plant communities, birds and fishes before and after initial impoundment of Miharu Dam Reservoir, Japan

Abstract

The immediate impact of damming appears most notably at the first filling of water, when the dam blocks the river and a lake suddenly forms. In this review, the changes in meteorology, plant communities, birds and fishes surrounding initial impoundment of Miharu Dam, constructed in an Asian Monsoon region, are summarised based on previous papers and subsequent field research. Although wind and temperature changes were investigated, land and lake wind occur due to the different thermal properties between the land and lake, and this type of wind often occurs at large lakes such as Glen Canyon Dam Reservoir or Lake Biwa. The size of Miharu Dam Reservoir (ponding area 2.9 km2) was insufficient to cause land–lake air differentials. Therefore, wind direction and air temperature were unaffected. Mountain winds weakened at the lake centre and near the dam body. Changes in vegetation were especially diverse at the drawdown zone (the slopes above and below the normal water level). On slopes above this zone, trees died and species composition changed due to submergence. Within the drawdown zone, the pre-existing plant community disappeared, and flood-resistant plants such as Salix subfragilis increased. The natatorial bird population continued to grow for 4 years after dam reservoir emergence and stabilised thereafter. Every year, the majority of natatorial birds utilising the dam reservoir as a resting area were ducks, but populations of diving ducks fluctuated depending on water level and iced area. After impoundment, the fish populations increased. As in most dam reservoirs in Japan, populations of invasive fish species such as Micropterus salmoides and Lepomis macrochirus increased. However, spawning grounds dried up during low-water-level seasons, suggesting that regulating water levels may help reduce invasive species.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14
Fig. 15
Fig. 16
Fig. 17

References

  1. Asai T (1996) Local meteorology. The University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo (in Japanese)

  2. Azami K, Kageyama N, Ito H (2003) The impact of first filling on the composition of a forest community at the Miharu Dam reservoir, Fukushima Prefecture, northeast Japan. Veg Sci 20:71–82 (in Japanese with English summary)

  3. Azami K, Kageyama N, Koizumi K, Ito H (2004) Change in DBH growth and the death of trees following the initial flooding of the Miharu Dam reservoir, Fukushima Prefecture, northeast Japan. Ecol Civil Eng 6(2):131–143 (in Japanese with English summary)

  4. Azami K, Koizumi K, Nisida S, Ohrui M (2005) The change of wind direction and velocity after first filling of water at Miharu Dam reservoir, Fukushima Prefecture, northeast Japan. Eng Dams 226:40–59 (in Japanese)

  5. Azami K, Marutani S, Tano H, Sakai S (2007) The habitat and development of the willow community at the upstream entrance of the reservoir of the Egawa Dam. J Jpn Soc Dam Eng 17(2):116–124 (in Japanese with English summary)

  6. Bell DT (1980) Gradient trends in the streamside forest of central Illinois. Bull Torrey Bot Club 107:172–180

  7. Bell DT, del Moral R (1977) Vegetation gradients in the streamside forest of Hickory Creek, Will County, Illinois. Bull Torrey Bot Club 104:127–135

  8. Chikamori K, Kamii Y (1993) Change in thermal environment and influence of the dam lake. The Japanese Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Reclamation Engineering Chugoku-Shikoku Branch Proceedings, vol 48, pp 194–196 (in Japanese)

  9. Cowx IG, Welcomme RL (1998) Rehabilitation of river for fish. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) by Fishing News Books. Alden Press, Oxford and Northampton, UK

  10. Edagawa H, Nakajima C (1980) Meteorological study of the Lake Biwa basin (3) vertical structure of the land and lake breeze. Disaster Prev Res Inst Ann B 23 B-2:113–122. http://hdl.handle.net/2433/70368

  11. Ekzertzev VA (1979) The higher aquatic vegetation of the Volga. In: Mordukhai-Boltovskoi PD (ed) The River Volga and its life. Monograph Biology vol 33, 271–294

  12. Fenner P, Brady WW, Patton DR (1985) Effects of regulated water flows on regeneration of Femont cottonwood. J Range Manag 38:135–138

  13. Fujiwara N, Imoto I (1999) Classification of reservoir shore-level habitat for planting and selection for adjusted flora. Eng Dams 153:12–18 (in Japanese)

  14. Furukawa Y, Akasegawa K, Kyoraku Y, Ukai Y (1998) Vegetation in the drawdown zone, Hitokura Dam reservoir. Eng Dams 138:70–78 (In Japanese)

  15. Goto A (1987) Freshwater fish fauna—formation and distribution area and classification by lifecycle. Mizuno N, Goto A (eds) Japanese Freshwater Fish Fauna. The University of Tokai Press, Tokyo, pp 1–15 (in Japanese)

  16. Haneda K (1962) Studies on the feeding type and the community of geese and ducks living in inland waters, III. Food of geese and ducks. Physiol Ecol 10:98–129 (in Japanese with English summary)

  17. Higashi S, Okitani K, Takeda M (1991) Applicable species of vegetation work on the water side. Japan Forestry Society Hokkaido Branch Thesis Collection, vol 39, pp 150–152 (in Japanese)

  18. Ikeda H, Iseya F, Kodama Y (1999) Changes in riverbed slopes above dams in bedrock channels. Ecol Civil Eng 2(2):113–124 (in Japanese with English summary)

  19. Ishikawa S (1996) River environment and waterside plants—preservation and management of vegetation. Soft Science, Inc., Tokyo, Japan, pp 116–139 (in Japanese)

  20. Johnson WC, Burgess RL, Keammerer WR (1976) Forest overstory vegetation and environment on the Missouri River floodplain in North Dakota. Ecol Monogr 46:59–84

  21. Kagawa H (1999) Changes in river water quality by impoundment as the cause of discontinuity in the river continuum. Ecol Civil Eng 2(2):142–152 (in Japanese with English summary)

  22. Kato H (1981) Land and lake breeze of Lake Toya. Environ Sci (Hokkaido University) 4(2):233–247 (in Japanese with English summary)

  23. Kawanabe H, Mizuno N (1989) Japanese freshwater fish fauna in river and lake. Hoikusya, Osaka (in Japanese)

  24. Krzyzanek E, Kasza H, Krzanowski W, Kuflikowski T, Pajak G (1986) Succession of communities in the Goczalkowice Dam Reservoir in the period 1955–1982. Arch Hydrobiol 106(1):21–43

  25. Lack D (1974) Evolution illustrated by waterfowl. Blackwell Scientific Publications, London

  26. Maki T (1989) Wind and Nature—Invitation to meteorology and agrometeorology. Kaihatu-Sha, Tokyo, p 215 In Japanese

  27. Miyadi D, Kawanabe H, Mizuno N (1963) Colored illustrations: the freshwater fishes of Japan. Hoikusya, Osaka (in Japanese)

  28. Miyawaki A, Okuda S, Fujiwara M (1994) Handbook of Japanese vegetation. Shibundo, Tokyo, Japan (in Japanese)

  29. Mizuno N, Gose K (1972) River Ecology. Tsukiji-Shokan, Tokyo, Japan (in Japanese)

  30. Mizuno N, Nagoshi M (1964a) Fishes of the Sarutani Reservoir in Nara Prefecture, Japan—II. An outline of their abundance in the reservoir. Jpn J Ecol 14:61–65 (in Japanese with English summary)

  31. Mizuno N, Nagoshi M (1964b) Fishes of Sarutani Reservoir in Nara Prefecture, Japan. III. Mode of life of a freshwater fish, Zacco platypus. Physiol Ecol 12:115–126 (in Japanese with English summary)

  32. Mizuno N, Nagoshi M, Mori K (1964) Fishes of the Sarutani Reservoir in Nara Prefecture, Japan—I. An outline of their abundance in the reservoir and its tributaries. Jpn J Ecol 14:4–9 (in Japanese with English summary)

  33. Mori S (1999) Dams and fish life-history-ecological perspectives in environmental conservation. Ecol Civil Eng 2(2):165–177 (in Japanese with English summary)

  34. Mori Y, Kawanishi S, Sodhi N, Yamagishi S (2007) Importance of shallow areas for pochards in dam lakes. Ecol Civil Eng 10(2):185–190 (in Japanese with English summary)

  35. Nakamura M (1969) Studies on the life history of cyprinid fishes of Japan. Contributions from the Research Institute for Natural Resources 1198. Research Institute for Natural Resources, Tokyo (in Japanese)

  36. Nakamura F (1999) Influences of dam structure on dynamics of riparian forests. Ecol Civil Eng 2(2):125–139 (in Japanese with English summary)

  37. Nakanishi T (1978) Comparison of color pattern and meristic character among the three types of Chaenogobius annularis Gill. Faculty of Fisheries, Hokkaido University, vol 29, issue no 3, pp 223–232 (in Japanese with English summary)

  38. Nilsson C, Keddy PA (1988) Predictability of change in shoreline vegetation in a hydroelectric reservoir, Northern Sweden. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 45:1896–1904

  39. Nishihara T, Mimoto M (1989) Generation and developmental process of newly-hatched Micropterus salmoides (Lacepede) larva. Kanagawa Prefectural Fisheries Technology Center, Freshwater Fisheries Experiment Station Report, vol 25, 54–67 (in Japanese)

  40. Oglesby RT, Carlson C, McCann JA (eds) (1972) River ecology and man. Academic, New York

  41. Oikawa T, Kikuchi T (2002) The death of trees following the initial flooding of the Hayachine Dam reservoir. Eng Dams 181:101–108 (in Japanese)

  42. Okano M (2006) Story of Japanese large dams. Sankaido, Tokyo, Japan (in Japanese)

  43. Oke TR (1987) Boundary layer climates, 2nd edn. Methuen, Massachusetts

  44. Okuda S (1996) River environment and waterside plants—preservation and management of vegetation. Soft Science, Inc., Tokyo, Japan, pp 93–115 in Japanese

  45. Oliver BA (1955) Biology of the Eye Brook Reservoir—II. The second seven years. J Inst Water Eng 9:511–519

  46. Pandey S (1993) Changes in waterbird diversity due to the construction of Pong Dam reservoir, Himachal Pradesh, India. Biol Conserv 66(2):125–130

  47. Reily PW, Johnson WC (1982) The effects of altered hydrologic regime on tree growth along the Missouri River in North Dakota. Can J Bot 60:2410–2423

  48. Saito H, Azami K, Watanabe M (2001) Vegetation changes in the floodplain of the back water of Miharu Dam, Otakine River, Fukushima, Japan. Ecol Civil Eng 4(1):65–72 (in Japanese with English summary)

  49. Saito H, Uno M, Ito H (2003) The effect of water level lowering in Miharu Dam reservoir on the reproduction of largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides. Ecol Civil Eng 6(1):15–24 (in Japanese with English summary)

  50. Sutherland JL, Ostapuk PM (1989) Further studies of surface winds near Glen Canyon Dam, Arizona. J Appl Meteorol 28(11):1249–1251

  51. Tadeusz K (1971) The overgrowing of the dam reservoir at Goczalkowice in the years 1967–1969. Arch Hydrobiol 13(3):313–321

  52. Takeuchi K (1997) Meteorology of wind. The University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, Japan (in Japanese)

  53. Tamai N, Mizuno N, Nakamura S (1993) Environmental river engineering. The University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, Japan (in Japanese)

  54. Tanida K, Takemon Y (1999) Effects of dams on benthic animals in streams and rivers. Ecol Civil Eng 2(2):154–164 (in Japanese with English summary)

  55. Tiemeier OW (1951) Studies on Kanopolis reservoir in 1950. Trans Kansas Acad Sci 54(2):175–189

  56. Tsujimoto T (1999) Effects of dams on physical situations of rivers from the viewpoint of river hydraulics and engineering. Ecol Civil Eng 2(2):103–112 (in Japanese with English summary)

  57. Tsumura Y (1989) Spawning behavior and spawning distribution. Countermeasure survey report of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepede) in 1985–1987. Shiga Prefectural Fisheries Technology Center Report, vol 40, pp 27–67 (in Japanese)

  58. Webb BW, Walling DE (1993) Temporal variability in the impact of river regulation in thermal regime and some biological implications. Freshw Biol 29:167–185

  59. World Commission on Dams (2000) Dams and development—a new framework for decision-making. The report of the World Commission on Dams, Earthscan Publications, Ltd., London

Download references

Acknowledgments

We thank Professor Futoshi Nakamura of Hokkaido University and Professor Takashi Asaeda of Saitama University for the opportunity to publish this review and for advice on its contents. We are also grateful to Professor Yasuo Ezaki of the University of Hyogo for guidance concerning birds, to Tomonori Osugi of the Japan Water Resources Environment Technology Centre for advice on fish and to Eizo Ichikawa of NS-Kankyo Corporation for meteorology advice. We thank Hitomi Hashimoto, Namiko Kageyama, Hiroshi Saitou, Wataru Koukestu and Kazumasa Kumazawa of OYO Corporation for assistance in organising the data and in revision.

Author information

Correspondence to Kazuhiro Azami.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Azami, K., Takemoto, M., Otsuka, Y. et al. Meteorology and species composition of plant communities, birds and fishes before and after initial impoundment of Miharu Dam Reservoir, Japan. Landscape Ecol Eng 8, 81–105 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11355-011-0170-3

Download citation

Keywords

  • Dam reservoir
  • First filling of water
  • Micrometeorology
  • Plant communities
  • Fishes
  • Natatorial birds