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Landscape and Ecological Engineering

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 169–181 | Cite as

Effects of fine sediment accumulation on the redd environment and the survival rate of masu salmon (Oncorhynchus masou) embryos

  • Hiroyuki YamadaEmail author
  • Futoshi Nakamura
Original Paper

Abstract

In recent years, fine sediment, produced by run-off associated with forestry activity and agricultural development that accumulates on riverbeds, has exerted a deleterious influence on lotic ecosystems. This study examined the Oroennukibetsu River, a tributary of the Nukibetsu River, which has been affected by high loads of suspended sediments. Effects of accumulation of fine sediment on the survival rate of masu salmon embryo and also on the redd environment (permeability and intragravel dissolved oxygen concentration) were quantified through a field experiment. Results show that the interchange of DO between intragravel and surface water was not affected directly by permeability or the accumulated fine sediment and that intragravel flow rates can be an important factor controlling embryo survival. A decrease in permeability associated with accumulation of fine sediment lowered the survival rate of embryos by suffocation because the flux of DO that should be supplied to the embryo was severely limited. This situation might be created by the combined effects of an accumulation of fine sediment on the redd and a low DO concentration in the surface water because the DO concentration almost coincided with the intragravel DO.

Keywords

Dissolved oxygen Eyed egg Flux Hyporheic Pool-riffle 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to express our gratitude to Dr. Miyuki Nakajima and the staff of the Hokkaido Fish Hatchery, and Dr. Akiko Nagasaka in the Hokkaido Forestry Research Institute, and Professor Seiji Yanai, Hokkaido Institute of Technology, for providing embryos, data, and other generous cooperation. We also thank Professors Tohru Araya, Koji Maekawa, Takashi Yamada, and Shun-ichi Kikuchi, Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, and Professors Makoto Nishigaki and Mitsuru Komatsu, Department of Environmental and Civil Engineering, Okayama University, for useful advice. We are also grateful to Mrs. Tomoko Yamada, Ms. Marie Murakami, and students in the Department of Forest Science, Hokkaido University, for assistance. This research was supported in part by Grants in Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (nos. 13460061, 14380274, 14506039, and 17780242) and by funds from the Technology Research Center for Riverfront Development; the River Environment Fund (REF) of the Foundation of River and Watershed Environment Management (FOREM); the workshop fund of Japan Society of Erosion Control Engineering.

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Copyright information

© International Consortium of Landscape and Ecological Engineering and Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environmental Informatics Laboratory, Graduate School of AgricultureHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Forest Ecosystem Management Laboratory, Graduate School of AgricultureHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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