On the Dynamic Response of Laminated Glass Exposed to Impact Before Blast Loading

  • K. OsnesEmail author
  • S. Dey
  • O. S. Hopperstad
  • T. Børvik


In this study, the effect of fragment or bullet impact before blast loading on laminated glass is studied experimentally. First, laminated windows consisting of two 3.8 mm thick annealed float glass plates and a 1.52 mm thick PVB interlayer were blast loaded in a shock tube with various pressures as a reference. In these tests, the blast loading was successively increased until fracture occurred not only in the glass plates but also in the PVB interlayer. Second, a diamond drill was used to make a 5 mm diameter centrally placed hole in some windows before they were blast loaded with the same pressures as those used for the undamaged windows. Third, windows were impacted by 7.62 mm AP bullets, both with and without the brass jacket, before they were blast loaded. Such bullets may have similar mass and velocity to typical primary fragments from an explosive detonation. The results are finally compared with each other and discussed with respect to the blast protection offered. It is found that the capacity is significantly reduced if the laminated glass is perforated by a fragment or a bullet before it is blast loaded and that such impacts should be considered in the design of blast-resistant windows.


Laminated glass Impact tests Blast tests Glass fracture PVB failure 



The present work has been carried out with financial support from the Centre of Advanced Structural Analysis (CASA), Centre for Research-based Innovation, at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and the Research Council of Norway through project no. 237885 (CASA). The authors would like to acknowledge Mr. Trond Auestad for assisting with the experimental programme, and Modum Glassindustri for providing the glass specimens.


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Copyright information

© Society for Experimental Mechanics 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Osnes
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • S. Dey
    • 3
  • O. S. Hopperstad
    • 1
    • 2
  • T. Børvik
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Structural Impact Laboratory (SIMLab), Department of Structural Engineering, NTNUNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Centre for Advanced Structural Analysis (CASA), NTNUNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway
  3. 3.Research and Development DepartmentNorwegian Defence Estates AgencyOsloNorway

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