Experimental Mechanics

, Volume 58, Issue 9, pp 1479–1484 | Cite as

Measurement of a Nearly Friction-Free Stress–Strain Curve of Silicone Rubber up to a Large Strain in Compression Testing

  • Sanghoon Kim
  • Minkyu Kim
  • Hyunho ShinEmail author
  • Kyong-Yop RheeEmail author
Brief Technical Note


Nominal stress–strain curves of a silicone rubber specimen with a range of length-to-diameter (L/D) ratios have been measured via compression testing. The curves are highly dependent on the L/D ratio. The contact area has been measured using stamp ink applied to the sidewall of the specimen to determine the optimal L/D ratio which yields the stress–strain curve closest to the curve of the friction-free specimen. Traces of ink appear on the platen after the compression test, indicating that the phenomenon of rollover takes place. When the L/D ratio is less than 1.0, the contact area is less than that of the friction-free specimen although the phenomenon of rollover supplements the contact area. When the L/D ratio increases up to 1.0, the contact area increases toward that of the ideal specimen that deforms uniformly under the friction-free condition; the stress–strain curve of the specimen with the L/D ratio of 1.0 can be regarded as the nearly friction-free property of silicone rubber.


Nearly friction-free property Stress–strain curve Uniaxial compression Silicone rubber Rollover of the side wall 



This study was financially supported by the Basic Science Research Program under contract numbers 2017R1A6A3A11028683 (S. Kim) and 2015R1A2A2A01002454 (H. Shin) through a National Research Foundation (NRF) grant funded by the Ministry of Education (Korea).


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Copyright information

© Society for Experimental Mechanics 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanics of Nano-composites and Design Laboratory, Department of Mechanical EngineeringKyunghee UniversityYonginRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Mechanics of Materials and Design Laboratory, Department of Materials EngineeringGangneung-Wonju National UniversityGangneungRepublic of Korea

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